Difference Between Dengue and Malaria

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Apr 12, 2022, 6:55

Dengue and Malaria are two important public health issues that affect the scores of people in India every year. This article discusses the definition and major Difference Between Dengue and Malaria.

What is Malaria?

Plasmodium, a single-celled parasite, causes Malaria. It is transmitted through the bite of the female Anopheles mosquito. Individuals notice the symptoms of Malaria 8-25 days after the mosquito bite.

Symptoms of Malaria -

Symptoms of Malaria include frequent headaches, fever coupled with chills, unbridled fatigue and muscle ache, nausea and vomiting tendencies, diarrhoea, rapid breathing and accelerating heart rate.

Signs of Malaria -

  • Upper left abdomen pains
  • Feeling full without eating much
  • Intense and frequent infections and continued fatigue
  • Temperatures rapidly rise above 40 degrees C, followed by chills and sweating.

What is Dengue?

The bite of the Aedes mosquito, which transmits infected blood from person to person, causes Dengue. The virus is capable of destroying the bone marrow. Throbbing headaches are a result of internal bleeding arising out of capillary bursts.

Extreme Symptoms of Dengue that are Life-Threatening -

Symptoms of Dengue include rashes anywhere on the body, swollen glands, experiencing pain right behind the eyes, nausea or vomiting, joint and muscle aches, and severe headaches.

  • Blood present in stool, vomit, or urine
  • Skin bruises (which imply bleeding under the skin)
  • Extra fatigue, restlessness, and irritability
  • A bleeding nose or gums
  • Uncontrolled rapid breathing

Signs of Dengue -

  • Regular headaches
  • Such regular headaches may be followed by unbearable throbbing and pain.

The warning signs for dengue are more noticeable than those of Malaria. Once you detect such uncommon symptoms, you must take immediate medical attention.

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Difference Between Dengue and Malaria

Malaria

Dengue

Plasmodium, a single-celled parasite, causes Malaria. It is transmitted through the bite of the female Anopheles mosquito

The spread of Dengue is time-bound in the early morning or during dusk. It spreads through the bite of the Aedes mosquito, which transmits infected blood from person to person.

Symptoms of Malaria include:

  • frequent headaches, fever coupled with chills
  • unbridled fatigue and muscle ache
  • nausea and vomiting tendencies
  • diarrhoea

Symptoms of Dengue include:

  • rashes anywhere on the body, swollen glands,
  • experiencing pain right behind the eyes,
  • nausea or vomiting, joint and muscle pains
  • severe headaches

During malaria, the RBCs in the body die rapidly, resulting in the spleen not being able to keep up. In this instance, organ failure can take place

During Dengue, WBCs die at a very fast rate, often resulting in the staggering depletion of platelets in the body

A vaccine called the RTS, S is also available to reduce the life-threatening consequences of Malaria. All the prescriptions that are written for the treatment of Malaria refer to dosages of medicines directed to killing the parasite present inside the body.

Unlike Malaria, Dengue is a viral infection, with no absolute cure. But there are cures to treat the symptoms it accompanies.

Malaria and Dengue are the most common in tropical areas where particular species of mosquitoes usually breed. A single bite from either of the two mosquitoes can endanger an otherwise healthy person’s life. Hence preventive measures must be ensured, and in case of an event where an individual endures a bite, immediate medical attention is required.

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FAQs on the Difference Between Dengue and Malaria

Q.1. What is the Difference Between Dengue and Malaria?

The Difference Between Dengue and Malaria is that while Plasmodium, a single-celled parasite causes malaria the Aedes mosquito causes dengue.

Q.2. What is the Difference Between Dengue and Malaria in terms of symptoms?

The Difference Between Dengue and Malaria in terms of symptoms is that while the symptoms of malaria include frequent headaches, fever coupled with chills, unbridled fatigue and muscle ache, the symptoms of dengue are rashes anywhere on the body, swollen glands, and nausea or vomiting.

Q.3. What is the Difference Between Dengue and Malaria in terms of treatment?

The Difference Between Dengue and Malaria in terms of treatment is that while a vaccine called the RTS, S is available to treat malaria, dengue cannot be treated directly.

Q.4. What is the Difference Between Dengue and Malaria in terms of nature?

The Difference Between Dengue and Malaria in terms of nature is that during malaria, the RBCs in the body die rapidly, whereas, during dengue, WBCs die at a very fast rate.