Difference Between Democracy and Republic

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Apr 5, 2022, 8:39

A Democracy is a system of governance where the country's people have the authority and power to analyse the laws needed to govern the country. A Republic is a system in which people choose their representatives. The people of the area elect a president. This article will discuss the significant Difference Between Democracy and Republic.

Democracy Definition

The term 'Democracy' derives from the Greek term demos. It means people and power. Hence, Democracy is a government in which people have the power to choose the ruling government. According to Abraham Lincoln, Democracy is a Government of the people, by the people, for the people.

Republic Definition

The term 'Republic' derives from the Latin term Res Publica. It means "matter of the public." A Republic is a state in which people choose their representatives. The people of the area elect a president.

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Difference Between Democracy and Republic

Given below is a tabular representation of the Difference Between Democracy and Republic:

Democracy

Republic

There are three types of Democracy:

  • representative Democracy
  • direct Democracy
  • constitutional Democracy.

There are five types of Republic:

  • Constitutional Republic
  • Theocratic Republic
  • Presidential Republic
  • Parliamentary Republic
  • Federal Republic

People have full authority in a democratic form of system.

Individual citizens have the authority in a Republic form of system.

The majority of people decide the laws made by the government.

The elected representatives decide the laws made by the government.

There can be more than one type of democratic government in a country.

Republic of more than one form in a country may be available in a country.

There are no restrictions or constraints on the government in a democratic form of government.

There are some limits and restrictions in a Republic form of government.

It is based on the will of the people.

In a Republic form of government, the constitution is given the most value.

Examples of Democracy are India, Nigeria, and the USA

Examples of Republics include the Federal Republic of Nigeria, the Argentine Republic, the Federal Republic of Germany, etc.

Democracy of Greece Athenian is one of the early forms of Democracy.The Republic of the Roman is an early example of a Republic

Some countries in the world follow both democratic and Republic forms of government. These countries are called Democratic Republics. It refers to a type of government with a hybrid system of government. When implemented well, either would work for the smooth functioning of a country.

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FAQs on Difference Between Democracy and Republic

Q.1. What is the Difference Between Democracy and Republic on the basis of nomenclature?

The Difference Between Democracy and Republic on the basis of nomenclature is that the term 'Democracy' is derived from the Greek term demos, whereas the term 'Republic' is derived from the Latin term Res Publica.

Q.2. What is the Major Difference Between Democracy and Republic?

The Major Difference Between Democracy and Republic is that a Democracy is based on the will of the people, whereas, in a Republic form of government, the constitution is given the most value.

Q.3. What is the Difference Between Democracy and Republic on the basis of lawmaking?

The Difference Between Democracy and Republic on the basis of law-making is that the majority of people decide the laws made by the government in a Democracy, whereas the elected representatives decide the laws made by the government in a Republic.

Q.4. What is the Difference Between Democracy and Republic on the basis of constraints?

The Difference Between Democracy and Republic on the basis of constraints is that there are no constraints on the government in a Democracy but there are some limits and restrictions in a Republic form of government.