Difference Between Democracy and Monarchy

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Apr 5, 2022, 5:52

A Democracy is a form of government in which the individuals have the power to select their governing legislation. Monarchy, on the other hand, is a form of government in which an individual, commonly known as a monarch, is the state's leader for life or until abdication. Read Definition and Difference Between Democracy and Monarchy.

Democracy Definition and Features

'Democracy' derives from Greek roots and implies "rule by the people". Democracy in the contemporary world is a form of government where common individuals have the ultimate control over how the country operates. Two main features of democracy are as follows:

  • Representation of Minority Community

Every country across the globe has minority communities on one ground or the other. It is one of the principal features of Democracy to provide equal citizenship privileges to all its citizens. Oppression and exclusion of minorities are despised.

The nation's legal authority aids people in holding an equal status of life and earnings in every possible way.

  • Rule within the Country's Constitutional Law

In a democratic nation, the ruling Government is not supreme. Instead, a democratic country's administrative body holds the ultimate authority, as defined by the country's constitution.

Since a new government is elected after a specified period, it exclusively holds the authority to make decisions and execute them while changing some established regulations. In addition, all such activities can only get accomplished under the surveillance of the country's legislation, which is independent of the ruling Government.

The positions are owned by the country's people based on their worth and aptitudes.

Monarchy Definition and Characteristics

A monarchy is a government where the state and government leader are selected based on birthright. The monarch's crown differs, but the most famous is a King or a Queen. Two main characteristics of a monarchy are as follows:

  • Divine Right

Monarchies and theology usually run hand in hand. Countries with state religions tend to have powerful associations between that religion and the nation's monarchy, and the monarch holds a divine right.

  • Lifelong Rule

A monarch will remain the head of the country for as long as the monarchy exists. While most politicians in a democracy hold term limitations, monarchs ascend to the throne in succession, usually after the former monarch departs.

Difference Between Democracy and Monarchy

Below is a tabular representation of the Difference Between Democracy and Monarchy:

Democracy

Monarchy

When a nation is led by a Government elected by its citizens through elections, it is known as a Democracy

When a nation is governed by Kings and Queens when the privilege to rule a country is enacted through a dynasty and not through elections, it is known as a monarchy.

The elected delegates make the laws, regulations, and statutes on behalf of the people, for the benefit of the citizens.

The statutes are framed by the Kings and Queens and citizens have no right to speak in the law formulation.

The elected representatives are held responsible by the individuals of the nation. Therefore, elections are held and candidates lose their right to rule if they do not fulfil the citizens' expectations.

Monarchs have no responsibility. Individuals do not have the authority to remove monarchs from power if they are unhappy with their government.

People have the freedom to provide their feedback on procedures, have the opportunity to bring about modifications in the policies, and have the privilege to blame the Government.

Individuals do not have the power to condemn the Monarchy.

People do not face pressure from a democratically chosen Government

People may encounter oppression if the monarch is a tyrant.

Democracy is a form of government in which individuals have the power to select their governing legislation whereas a monarchy is a form of government in which a monarch is the state's leader for life or until abdication. The article analyses some of the major Difference Between Democracy and Monarchy that will help you better prepare for your upcoming UPSC mains and prelims exam.

More Current Affairs Topics
Doctrine of Pith and SubstanceDoctrine of Severability
Dutch Colonies in IndiaDrainage Pattern
Difference Between Commissioner and DGPDrug Abuse
Difference Between Creamy and Non-Creamy LayersEcomark
Difference Between De Facto and De JureEconomic Commission for Western Asia [ECWA]

FAQs on the Difference Between Democracy and Monarchy

Q.1. What is the Difference Between Democracy and Monarchy?

The Difference Between Democracy and Monarchy is that Democracy refers to a form of government in which the individuals have the power to select their governing legislation, whereas a monarchy is a form of government in which an individual, commonly known as a monarch, is the state's leader for life or until abdication.

Q.2. What is the Difference Between Democracy and Monarchy based on the rule?

The Difference Between Democracy and Monarchy based on the rule is that when a nation is led by a Government elected by its citizens through elections, then it is known as a Democracy; on the other hand, when a nation is governed by a dynasty and not through elections, it is known a monarchy.

Q.3. What is the Difference Between Democracy and Monarchy based on responsibility?

The Difference Between Democracy and Monarchy based on responsibility is that elected representatives are held responsible by the individuals of the nation, whereas monarchs have no such responsibility.

Q.4. What is the Difference Between Democracy and Monarchy based on rulemaking?

The Difference Between Democracy and Monarchy based on rulemaking is that elected delegates make the laws, regulations, and statutes on behalf of the people, for the benefit of the citizens, whereas monarchs frame the statutes and citizens have no say in law formulation.