Difference Between Censure and No Confidence Motion

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Apr 6, 2022, 7:30

In a parliamentary system, censure and no-confidence motions are used to showcase the lack of competence of the ruling government. Both are protocols used by the Parliament to act according to the rules of the house. However, there is still some glaring Difference Between Censure and No-Confidence Motion.

What is Censure?

  • A motion of censure refers to the strong disapproval against an individual, minister, or the entire council of ministers.
  • A censure motion can only be passed to criticize a particular act.
  • It can be passed in the Lok Sabha or a state assembly.
  • A reason must be clearly stated when a censure motion is passed.
  • If passed, the minister or the whole council of ministers need not resign.

What is a No-Confidence Motion?

  • No confidence motion is also known as a vote of no confidence, motion of confidence, and vote of confidence.
  • It is a statement or vote issued against an entire council of ministers when they are deemed unfit to hold their current position.
  • If a no-confidence motion is passed against a council of ministers, the entire ministry must resign, including the Prime Minister.
  • In India, a no-confidence motion can only be introduced in the lower house of the Parliament of India, i.e., the Lok Sabha.
  • At least 50 percent of the members must support the motion.
  • In India, Acharya Kripalani moved the first-ever no-confidence motion in August 1963, after the Sino-Indian war.
  • Our current Prime Minister, Sri Narendra Modi, has also faced a no-confidence motion.
  • Indira Gandhi, one of the earlier Prime Ministers of India, had faced the most no-confidence motions. She faced 19 no-confidence motions in all.
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Difference between Censure and No-Confidence Motions

Censure Motion

No-Confidence Motion

Before passing a censure motion in the Lok Sabha, a specific reason must be clearly stated.

There is no need to provide a specific reason for passing a no-confidence motion in the Lok Sabha.

If the censure motion is passed, ministers need not resign.

If a no-confidence motion is passed, the entire ministry resigns immediately, including the Prime Minister.

A censure motion can be passed both against individual ministers and the entire council of ministers.

A no-confidence motion can only be passed against the entire council of ministers.

An individual minister or the whole council of ministers can accept or reject the censure motion.

Only the entire council of ministers can accept or reject a no-confidence motion.

Censure motions can be passed in the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha.

No confidence motion can only be passed in the Lok Sabha.

 

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FAQs on the Difference Between Censure and No Confidence Motion

Q.1. What is the Difference Between Censure and No-Confidence Motion?

The Difference Between Censure and No-Confidence Motion is that A motion of censure refers to the strong disapproval against an individual minister or the entire council of ministers, whereas a no-confidence motion is a statement or vote issued only against the entire council of ministers when they are deemed unfit to hold their current position.

Q.2. What is the key Difference Between Censure and No-Confidence Motion?

A reason must be clearly stated before passing a censure motion in the Lok Sabha, but on the other hand, there is no need to provide a specific reason for passing a no-confidence motion in the Lok Sabha.

Q.3. Why is it important to Know the Difference Between Censure and No-Confidence Motion?

In a parliamentary system, censure and no-confidence motions are used to showcase the lack of competence of the ruling government. To understand the workings of the parliamentary system in-depth, it is important to know the difference between censure and a no-confidence motion.

Q.4. Where can the censure motion be passed?

Censure motions can be passed in the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha.