Difference Between Cabinet and Council of Ministers

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Apr 1, 2022, 8:58

India got its independence on 15th August 1947. After independence, the country adopted the parliamentary system of government with the Council of Ministers for effective governance of the country. The Prime Minister of India holds the power to decide the Council of Ministers under his governance.

The Council of Ministers works together to effectively respond to new challenges and the unique needs of modern India. The President of India appoints the Council of Ministers as advised by the Prime Minister. Article 74 and 75 provide detailed information on the provisions associated with the Council of Ministers.

Cabinet Ministers are a segment of the Council of Ministers. The Council of Ministers consists of -

  • Cabinet Ministers
  • Ministers of States
  • Deputy Ministers

The Council and Cabinet Ministers report to the Prime Minister. But still, there is some crucial Difference Between Cabinet and Council of Ministers. The following table lists some important Difference Between the Cabinet and the Council of Ministers.

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Difference Between Cabinet and Council of Ministers

Type of Ministers

Cabinet Ministers

Council of Ministers

Level of Seniority

Senior ministers with the most experience and influence

Junior ministers with less experience

Strength of Ministers

15 to 18

Not fixed but mostly around 40 to 60

(Ideally, it should not be more than 15 percent of the Lok Sabha strength)

Categories

Important ministries under Central Government:

  • Home Affairs
  • Finance
  • Defence
  • Health
  • Education
  • Road Transport and Highways
  • External Affairs
  • Cabinet Ministers: Senior ministers in charge of major ministries
  • Ministers of State: Take charge of smaller ministries. However, they still work under the guidance and supervision of the Cabinet Ministers
  • Deputy Ministers: They do not get any independent charge. They assist the Cabinet Ministers.

The members meet

Frequently

Rarely

Decision making

  • Decides and develops new policies
  • Coordinates and supervises the implementation

Implements the policies developed by Cabinet Ministers

Although there is a Difference Between Cabinet and Council of Ministers, both support the Prime Minister in suggesting improved methods and work towards developing and implementing improved policies.

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FAQs on Difference Between Cabinet and Council of Ministers

Q.1) What is the Difference Between Cabinet and Council of Ministers?

The Difference Between Cabinet and Council of Ministers is as under-

The Cabinet Ministers are senior ministers and are primarily responsible for developing policies. They are part of the Council of Ministers. The Council of Ministers also consists of Deputy Ministers who assist the Cabinet Ministers and Ministers of State in charge of small independent ministries.

Q.2) What is the Difference Between Cabinet and Council of Ministers in terms of strength?

There is a stark Difference Between Cabinet and Council of Ministers in terms of strength, with 15 to 18 Cabinet Ministers and 40 to 60 Council of Ministers.

Q.3) What is the Difference Between Cabinet and Council of Ministers concerning their ministries?

The different ministries under the Council of Ministers include-

  • The Cabinet Ministers
  • The Ministers of the State
  • The Deputy Ministers

Cabinet Ministers are a part of the Council of Ministers and take charge of different central government ministries like education, health, and defence.

Q.4) Is there a Difference Between Cabinet and Council of Ministers' meeting schedules?

Yes. There is a Difference Between Cabinet and Council of Ministers' meeting schedules. Cabinet ministers meet regularly, while the Council of Ministers rarely schedule meetings.