Difference Between Battle of Plassey and Battle of Buxar

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Apr 6, 2022, 11:07

India has seen several battles during British domination for different reasons. After the discovery of India by Portuguese Europeans over 500 years ago, the Europeans started trading with India for spices, gold, pearls, and silk. Soon the English, Dutch, and French also started trading with India.

Britishers wanted to get a larger share of the trade and gradually wished to get more control over India. Under this aspiration, Britishers fought at various levels with the kings and rulers of India. Read Historical Importance and Difference Between Battle of Plassey and Battle of Buxar.

Historical Importance of the Battle of Plassey and the Battle of Buxar

The two important battles in the history of India include the Battle of Plassey and the Battle of Buxar. Both the battles resulted in changing Indian history.

India was a very rich country with Bengal as one of the richest provinces. The Britishers wanted more control over these rich provinces to facilitate their country and the industrial revolution. Both the battles were fought in Bengal and won by the Britishers.

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Difference Between Battle of Plassey and Battle of Buxar

There are several differences between the two battles. The following table lists the Difference Between Battle of Plassey and Battle of Buxar -

Name of the Battle

Battle of Plassey

Battle of Buxar

Fought in the Year

1957

1964

Place Where the Battle Was Fought

Plassey (Palashi) in Bengal

Buxar (Bhaskar) in North-Eastern India

Fought Between

Nawab of Bengal (Siraj-ud Daulah) and The British East India Company led by Robert Clive

Combined armies of Nawab of Bengal (Siraj-ud Daulah), Nawab of Awadh, Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II, Mir Qasim, and British East India Company led by Hector Munro.

Trigger Factor for the Battle
  • The Nawab of Bengal, Siraj-ud-Daulah had a dispute with the British East India Company over their refusal to stop military action against the French
  • When the British East India Company learned about the negotiation of Siraj-ud-Daulah with the French, they decided to bring down his empire
  • The victory of the British in the Battle of Plassey was more of a conspiracy win
  • The result of the extreme step taken by Mir Qasim of abolishing internal trade duties for the benefit of his people was protested by the British
  • Mir Qasim escaped from Bengal to Awadh and allied with Nawab of Awadh, Siraj-ud-Daulah, and Mughal emperor Shah Alam II
  • The Battle of Buxar was a full-fledged war between the alliance and the Britishers

The Armies

  • Siraj-ud-Daulah had around 50,000 soldiers and 50 field guns
  • Robert Clive had 3000 men that included 800 Europeans and 2100 Indian sepoys and 10 field guns
  • The alliance had an army of around 40,000 men
  • The British army had 7,072 men out of which 5,297 were Indian sepoys and 859 were British

Reason for Mughal Armies Losing the Battle

  • The Britishers promised Mir Jafar, akin to the Nawab of Bengal, the thrones for supporting them. He betrayed the Nawab of Bengal resulting in losing the battle

  • The Battle of Buxar was lost by the combined armies due to a lack of communication

Consequences of the Battle

  • The first step of Britishers in establishing British rule in India
  • Mir Jafar was declared the Nawab of Bengal
  • The British East India Company denied payment of tax to Nawab of Bengal
  • The British were in charge of the holdings in the areas of Calcutta that were leased to them for trade
  • Britishers were still dissatisfied with the dethroned Mir Jafar and throned his son-in-law, Mir Kasim in his place as the Nawab of Bengal
  • This was the decisive battle that confirmed British rule in Bengal, Orissa, and Bihar.
  • The Treaty of Allahabad was signed when the Mughal Emperor surrendered Bengal to the British.
  • Lord Robert Clive who won the Battle of Plassey was appointed as the first Governor of Bengal

Current Importance

The place in Palashi is now a tourist attraction and is known for the three obelisks that mark the spots where three great warriors, Mir Madan, Bahadur Ali Khan, and Nauwe Singh Hazari were killed during the Battle of Plassey.Katkauli ka Maidan, in Buxar, is famous as a tourist attraction. People visit here to know about the historical Battle of Buxar

The Battle of Plassey and the Battle of Buxar have their own importance in the history of India. These battles were fought against the British and both were won by the British. The Difference Between Battle of Plassey and Battle of Buxar shows the different reasons behind fighting the battle and the different consequences after losing the battle.

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FAQs on the Difference Between Battle of Plassey and Battle of Buxar

Q.1. What is the Difference Between Battle of Plassey and Battle of Buxar based on combatants?

The Difference Between Battle of Plassey and Battle of Buxar based on combatants is that Battle of Plassey was fought by the Nawab of Bengal (Siraj-ud Daulah) and The British East India Company led by Robert Clive while the Battle of Buxar was fought by the combined armies of Nawab of Bengal (Siraj-ud Daulah), Nawab of Awadh, Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II, Mir Qasim, and British East India Company led by Hector Munro.

Q.2. Is there a Difference Between Battle of Plassey and Battle of Buxar?

Yes. There is a Difference Between Battle of Plassey and Battle of Buxar. Some of the differences are:

  • The Battle of Plassey was fought in 1757 while the Battle of Buxar was fought later in 1764.
  • Battle of Plassey was fought by Siraj-ud-Daulah and the Britishers (led by Robert Clive) and the Battle of Buxar was fought by the combined army (Mir Qasim, Siraj-ud-Daulah, Shah Alam II) against the Britishers (led by Hector Munro).

Q.3. Is there a Difference Between Battle of Plassey and Battle of Buxar with regard to historical importance?

There is no Difference Between Battle of Plassey and Battle of Buxar with regard to historical importance. Both battles are of equal importance in Indian history. One marked the first step for the Britishers in establishing British rule in India. The other marked the decisive battle that confirmed British rule in Bengal, Orissa, and Bihar.

Q.4. What is the Difference Between Battle of Plassey and Battle of Buxar with regard to the place of battle?

The Difference Between Battle of Plassey and Battle of Buxar with regard to the place of battle is that the Battle of Plassey was fought in Plassey (Palashi) in Bengal, and the Battle of Buxar was fought in Buxar (Bhaskar) in North-Eastern India.