Difference Between Army and BSF

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Mar 30, 2022, 12:52

There is a widespread misconception that any soldier in uniform safeguarding the international borders is a part of the Indian Army. While all men and women in uniform are bestowed with the prime task of safeguarding the country and its citizens against all odds, not everyone in uniform is a part of the Indian Army.

The Border Security Force BSF and the Indo-Tibetian Border Police Force are also bestowed with equal responsibility for safeguarding India's border along with Pakistan and Bangladesh in case of the former and Tibet in case of the latter. The major difference between Army and BSF is that the Indian Army is a part of the Ministry of Defence while the Border Security Force is a part of the Central Armed Police Forces.

Border Security Force

Border Security Force is a part of the Central Armed Police Forces and comes under the Home Ministry. Unlike the Indian Military, which is responsible for the overall security and unity of the nation and protection of the country from any external threats, the BSF protects the Line of Control with Pakistan on the west and India's border with Bangladesh on the east. The BSF is one of the seven wings of the CAPF, and an IPS officer is generally nominated as the Director-General of BSF.

The Indian Army

The Indian Army is the largest agency and the land-based branch of the Indian Defence Forces. As said earlier, it is responsible for maintaining the overall security and unity of the nation and protecting the country from any external threats or attacks. The Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Army is the President of India (As of 2022, Hon. President Ram Nath Kovind).

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Major Difference Between Army and BSF

Although both the Indian Army and BSF are responsible for the country's protection, there are numerous notable differences. Some of the main differences between the Indian Army and BSF are -

Indian ArmyBorder Security Force (BSF)
Protecting the country's land borders from aggression and terrorism perpetrated by neighbouring countries.Protecting the internal security of India by protecting India's international borders with Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Myanmar.
The Indian Army comes under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Defence.The BSF comes under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Home Affairs.
Founded way back on April 1, 1895, as the British India Army. In its current format as the Army of independent India, the service was launched on January 26, 1950.Founded on December 1, 1965, after the Indo-Pakistan war, when India sensed an inadequacy of the State Armed Police to cope with armed attacks.
The Indian Army is headed by a 4 Star Officer of the Equivalent Rank of the General of the Army.The BSF is headed by an IPS officer. Although a BSF cadre officer can reach higher posts, till the Assistant Director-General, the post of a DG is reserved for an IPS officer.

Currently, the Director-General of the BSF is Sri Pankaj Singh, whereas the current Chief of the Army Staff is General Manoj Mukund Naravane.

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FAQs on the Difference Between Army and BSF

Q.1. What is the prime Difference Between Army and BSF?

The prime Difference Between Army and BSF is that the Indian Army is a part of the Ministry of Defence and makes a part of the broader idea of the Indian Armed Forces or the Indian Defence, while the Border Security Force is a part of the Central Armed Police Forces.

Q.2. What is the major Difference Between Army and BSF in their work profile?

The major difference between the Army and the BSF as far as their tasks are concerned is that the Army is responsible for maintaining the overall security and unity of the nation and protecting the country from any external threats or attacks. Meanwhile, the BSF is responsible for protecting the Line of Control with Pakistan on the west and India's border with Bangladesh on the east.

Q.3. Who is the Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Army?

The President of India, currently Hon. Ram Nath Kovind, is the Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Army.

Q.4. What is the Difference Between Army and BSF in terms of their launch dates?

the Indian Army was launched in 1895 as a part of the British India Army. It was reinstated in its current form as a part of the defence network of independent India on January 26, 1950.