Delimitation Commission

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Mar 27, 2022, 5:20

The Boundary Commission of India is also known as the Delimitation Commission, is established under the provisions laid down by the Delimitation Commissions Act by the Indian government. This commission has been specifically appointed by the President of India and works with the Election Commission of India to maintain the imaginary boundaries of Lok Sabha constituencies and assemblies across the country based on the recent census.

It must be noted that the Delimitation Commission is one of the most powerful independent bodies under the Indian government, the orders of which cannot be challenged by anyone in any court of law.

Delimitation Commission Purpose

The process of establishing boundaries or limits of Lok Sabha constituencies as well as state assemblies to represent population changes is the basic purpose of the Delimitation Commission of India. The redrawing of limits every year is based on the recently concluded census. For example, presently, the delimitation of Lok Sabha constituencies is based on the 2001 census.

This delimitation of constituencies helps allocate the number of Lok Sabha seats to the various Indian states and that of the legislative assemblies of each state. The seats can alter based on the survey conducted by the Delimitation Commission.

Important Exams
UPSC ExamIBPS PO Exam
SSC ExamDefence Exam
SSC CHSL ExamSSC Steno Exam
RRB JE ExamSSC CHSL Exam
RRB NTPC ExamIBPS Clerk Exam
IBPS SO ExamUPPSC Exam

Delimitation Commission Importance

The major reasons for the Delimitation Commission to be into effect are -

  • To gain uniform representations for uniform divisions of a population.
  • To provide a fair dissection of geographical areas so that no political party gains an immoderate advantage over the rest.
  • To cohere with the notion of "One Vote One Value."

Delimitation Commission for the Disadvantaged Groups

The Delimitation Commission has separate modules to work in areas with a greater population of people belonging to disadvantaged groups. Here's the detailed procedure -

  • The quota in constituencies is fixed after going through the census of SC/ST populations in the particular state. Thereafter, the Delimitation Commission studies the population composition in each constituency. The constituencies with the maximum population of people belonging to Scheduled Tribes are reserved for ST.
  • Since the Scheduled Caste or SC population is spread pretty evenly across the country, the Delimitation Commission generally tends to pick a handful of constituencies with more SC population. These constituencies can be juxtaposed in different delimitation exercises.
  • The commission generally makes reservations for SC and ST categories only. No other disadvantaged groups come into its vicinity.

It must be noted here that the Delimitation Commission Act was established in the year 1952. Since then, there have been four delimitation commissions that the country has seen. The first exercise happened in 1952, followed by 1963 and 1972. The last Delimitation Commission was in 2002.

More Current Affair Topics
Chinese Civil WarChina's String of Pearls
Child Labor Prohibition Regulation ActChikungunya
Chaukhandi StupaChangpa Community
Challenges of HRMCentral Water Commission
Central Vigilance CommissionCentral Administrative Tribunal

FAQs on Delimitation Commission

Q.1. What does the Delimitation Commission do?

The Delimitation Commission has been specifically appointed by the President of India and works with the Election Commission of India to maintain the imaginary boundaries of Lok Sabha constituencies and assemblies across the country based on the recent census.

Q.2. Can the Delimitation Commission be challenged by anyone in the Supreme Court?

The Delimitation Commission is one of the most powerful independent bodies under the Indian government, the orders of which cannot be challenged by anyone in any court of law.

Q.3. How does the delimitation of constituencies by the Delimitation Commission help in an election?

The delimitation of constituencies helps in the allocation of the number of Lok Sabha seats to the various Indian states as well as that of the legislative assemblies of each state. The seats can alter based on the survey conducted by the Delimitation Commission.

Q.4. In which years did the delimitation commission have its exercises?

The Delimitation Commission had its exercises in 1952, 1963, 1972, and 2002.