Defence Research and Development Organization [DRDO]

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Apr 8, 2022, 11:59

Defence Research and Development Organization [DRDO] is the R&D wing of India's Ministry of Defense. The current chairman of DRDO is Dr G. Satheesh Reddy. DRDO's vision is to equip India with state-of-the-art defence technologies to attain self-reliance in crucial defence systems and technologies. It also aims to empower India's armed forces with the latest avant-garde weapon and defence equipment that cater to the requirements of the three divisions of armed services.

Defence Research and Development Organization [DRDO] was established in 1958 by combining three central defence departments. They are the Defence Science Organization (DSO), Directorate of Technical Development & Production (DTDP), and Technical Development Establishment (TDEs) of the Indian Army. After its formation, DRDO was just a minor organization operating in more than ten laboratories. Currently, it's a pioneering organization strengthening India's defence system. It has more than 50 laboratories and has further expanded into multiple disciplines.

Functions of Defence Research and Development Organization [DRDO]

Few functions of DRDO are -

  • To update and advise Raksha Mantri on the influence of National Security in terms of upcoming progress in science and tech.
  • To design and execute programs related to scientific research, development, design, and evaluation in fields incorporated under national security.
  • Administration of laboratories, ranges, facilities, agencies, establishments, and projects
  • To overlook financial matters and other related assistance to institutions, individuals, and universities for the training and study of human resources on components of science and technology that affect national security.
  • Consult and cooperate with the Ministry of External Affairs in international relations related to science and technology affecting national security.
  • To certify the design airworthiness of military equipment and aircraft.
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Defence Research and Development Organization [DRDO] Programmes

Here are a few programs launched by Defence Research and Development Organization [DRDO] -

IGMDP or Integrated Guided-Missile Development Program

  • Dr APJ Abdul Kalam was one of the leading forces behind IGMDP. It aimed to make India self-reliant in the field of missile technology.
  • The missiles developed were Prithvi, Trishul, Agni, Nag, and Akash.

Highest Terrestrial Centre in Ladakh

  • DRDO terrestrial centre in Ladakh is located 17,600 feet above sea level near Pangong lake at Changla.
  • It was built as a cold preservation storage unit for natural medicinal plants.

Mobile Autonomous Robot System or MARS

MARS is a powerful and intelligent robot to help Indian armies disarm land mines and Inert Explosive Devices (IEDs) despite being in hostile surroundings.

With a few features and modifications, the robot can be utilized to dig the ground and diffuse the explosive device through numerous methods.

Defence Research and Development Organization [DRDO] strives to make India's defence system stronger to combat any challenges that may occur in the future. Several reputed scientists and technologists have contributed to enhancing DRDO's programs.

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FAQs on Defence Research and Development Organization [DRDO]

Q.1. Name one of the issues faced by the Defence Research and Development Organization [DRDO].

Ans. Defence Research and Development Organization [DRDO] is working with obsolete tech. For example, it is still tweaking or modifying World War II machines and equipment instead of building or designing innovative, cutting-edge technology.

Q.2. Speaking of the Defence Research and Development Organization [DRDO], which missiles were developed outside of the IGMDP program?

Ans. BrahMos, Sagarika, Nirbhay, Shaurya, Astra, Dhanush, and Prahaar were some of the other missiles developed outside the program.

Q.3. What is Defence Research and Development Organization [DRDO] motto?

The motto of the Defence Research and Development Organization [DRDO] is in Sanskrit-Balasya Mulam Vigyanam. It means the roots of strength lie in knowledge.

Q.4. In the context of the Defence Research and Development Organization [DRDO], what is INS Arihant?

INS Arihant is India's first nuclear ballistic missile submarine co-developed by Defence Research and Development Organization [DRDO]. It became operational in 2018.