What is India’s Deep Ocean Mission?

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Mar 21, 2022, 5:45

Deep Ocean Mission India was announced in the Union Budget 2020-21. The mission will be carried out by the National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT) under the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES).

The deep ocean is poorly explored due to technological challenges. It is also the least understood region on Earth. The knowledge gained through this mission will help India explore and harness these resources sustainably with minimal ecological impact. The mission will also help better understand climate change, cyclones, and tsunamis.

We have very little knowledge about how this region may respond to climate change or global warming. The mission will help us understand how these changes may affect life on land and our weather patterns.

What is the Deep Ocean Mission?

India has announced an Rs 8,000 crore Deep Ocean Mission (DOM) to explore and exploit the abundant resources of the ocean. The UN International Sea Bed Authority approved the DOM, which will focus on areas from deep-sea mining to marine biotechnology.

It is a long-term oceanographic programme that focuses on harnessing its resources and protecting the marine environment. It will create a national framework for conducting multidisciplinary research in the oceans, including deep-sea mining and mineral prospecting. The project will also help India build its oceanic exploration capabilities and develop data collection and resource exploitation technology.

Under the Ministry for Earth Sciences, the Department of Ocean Development will implement the project. The Minister for Earth Sciences said that the mission would generate substantial employment opportunities in many areas, including deep-sea exploration.

Deep Ocean Mission India Significance

India's coastline is about 7,500 km long, and its exclusive economic zone in the Indian Ocean covers roughly 2.2 million square kilometres. Given this vast expanse, India must understand the oceans better.

India is gearing up to explore the ocean depths with India's Deep Ocean Mission launch. The project aims to boost scientific knowledge and ocean-based economic activity and will be implemented by the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES).

Deep Ocean Mission India Goals

India is set to launch a significant exploration of the ocean floor to harness the enormous untapped resource potential of the deep seas.

Deep-sea mining: India plans to mine polymetallic nodules from the Central Indian Ocean Basin (CIOB) 2025. These nodules are rich in copper, nickel, and cobalt. The Deep Sea Mining Unit (DSMU), responsible for this project, has identified three sites in CIOB for exploration.

Marine bio search: This component aims to improve marine biodiversity research by exploring deep-sea organisms and their bioactive molecules. It will also focus on developing methods for drug discovery from marine sources.

Ocean observation: This component will focus on observing ocean currents and changes in the deep sea due to climate change or human interventions.

In its bid to expand its maritime capabilities, the government announced the Deep Ocean Mission (DOM). The centre has finalized a broad framework of a new mission to strengthen India's presence in the high seas and tap the resources lying on the seabed.

How will the Deep Ocean Mission be conducted?

India's Deep Ocean Mission will explore the bottom of the Indian Ocean and further India's indigenization and technology development.

This is India's first mission to explore the deep sea. It will be undertaken by the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) in collaboration with other central ministries, departments of state governments, and research institutions. The mission aims to harness ocean resources for sustainable economic growth.

The project will collect data through surveys using vessels, submersibles, and Remotely Operated Vehicles (ROVs). Under this initiative, India will develop technology for deep-sea mining, exploration of energy resources, and marine biotechnology.

It will also develop technologies for deep-sea mining and exploration of energy resources.

When marine pollution increases due to the dumping of plastic waste in the oceans, India's Deep Ocean Mission seeks to protect this natural resource and use technological innovations to enhance the exploration and exploitation of ocean resources.

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FAQs on Deep Ocean Mission India

Q.1) What is the aim of Deep Ocean Mission India?

India's Deep Ocean Mission aims to develop technologies for deep-sea mining, ocean energy, and ocean food resources, besides boosting underwater robotics, marine biotechnology, and climate data. It also has plans to revive an abandoned submarine program. The undersea technology is expected to be used in defence and surveillance, oil and gas exploration, oceanography, and maritime archaeology.

Q.2) How will India's Deep Ocean Mission help India?

India's Deep Ocean Mission aims to position India as a global leader in deep-sea exploration and utilization by 2030. It will also help strengthen India's coastal security and national economic growth.

Q.3) How deep will Deep Sea Mission India be conducted?

India's Deep Ocean Mission seeks to explore the ocean bed almost 6000 meters into the ocean.

Q.4) What are the top 3 goals of India's Deep Ocean Mission?

Deep-sea mining, marine bio search, and ocean observation are the top 3.