In today's digitally advanced world, our daily lives depend heavily on technology. The rapid technological advancement has given us access to information on the internet like never before, and at the same time, it has made our lives extremely easy through innovations like full home automation, self-driving cars, etc. However, with all the good that comes from technology, some inevitable threats, like cyber security attacks, lurk in their shadows.
What is Cyber Security?
Cyber security is the practice of protecting internet servers, digital devices, electronic systems, and internet data from cyber threats and digital attacks. Cyber security attacks can include a range of activities like malware, backdoors, form jacking, crypto-jacking, etc., all done to access or destroy sensitive information, extort money, steal identities, or simply disrupt an organization s business practices.
How Does Cyber Security Work?
It is recommended to use a top-down approach when it comes to cyber security. In this digital era, cyber incidents are truly inevitable. Hence, companies need to protect their holdings and reputation under such circumstances.
The top-down strategy can be developed keeping in mind some important cybersecurity domains. Some of them are:
- Information Security: It is a data protection measure to safeguard sensitive information from unauthorized access, theft, and abuse.
- Cloud Security: A computing system that encrypts data when in storage or moving within the cloud. It also protects the cloud data from unauthorized access.
- Application Security: Each organization uses its own set of required applications; hence application security protects the application from off-premises and unauthorized access.
Cyber Security in India
The digital revolution arrived in India a long time ago, but it is now that the nation and its citizens have started truly utilizing the transformation through small changes like going cashless, shopping online, etc. However, as mentioned before, with increased technological conveniences, India also faced increased cases of online frauds and cyber security threats.
Hence, in 2013, India introduced the National Cyber Security Policy to build safe and robust cyberspace. The policy serves as an umbrella framework guiding home users, business enterprises, and both government and non-governmental entities on how to take appropriate cyber security measures.
During this time of COVID-19, policies like this have become increasingly important. According to the Data Security Council of India (DSCI), the cyber security industry doubled in the pandemic due to rapid digitalization. The revenue of the cyber security service industry went from $4.3 billion in 2019 to $8.4 billion in 2021.
Information Technology Act, 2000
The Information Technology Act penned down by the Indian government in 2000 governs all the cyber security laws. It focuses on severe punishments and penalties to protect e-banking, e-commerce, and e-governance. There are several more sections under the IT Act to govern all cybercrimes.
- Section 43: For those who damage computer systems without the owner's permission.
- Section 66: For any fraudulency in reference to section 43.
- Section 66B: For stealing communication devices like computers, laptops, mobiles, etc.
- Section 66C: For digital identity thefts like forging digital signatures, hacking digital profiles, stealing passwords, etc.
- Section 66D: For fraudsters doing impersonation using digital technologies and computer resources.
Despite having IT laws in place, the Indian government has been unable to effectively combat the rising cyber security crimes and legislate on them. Experts believe India s legal system approach to cyber security is fragmented and follows a piecemeal strategy. Hence, along with the government strengthening its IT laws, the citizens also must play their part.
Citizens can make the effort of educating themselves fully about cyber security and what it entails. Each step counts, and together with the government, they can bring about a significant and reasonable change.
FAQs on Cyber Security
Q.1. What are the different types of cyber security?
Some different types of cyber security are application security, cloud security, IoT security, etc.
Q.2. Who is a cyber security expert?
A cyber security expert is someone who has in-depth knowledge about various computing systems and can provide protection for the same.
Q.3. What are the fundamental concepts of cyber security?
The three fundamental concepts of cyber security are confidentiality, integrity, and availability.
Q.4. How easily can a beginner acquire knowledge of cyber security?
With a little in-depth research and study, everyone can gain preliminary knowledge about cyber security.