Constitutional Development of India

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Jun 2, 2022, 11:27

The constitution reflects the ideas of a nation, the state of a community. When an entity is governed by the rules and policies of a constitution, the members of such entity are required to abide by the powers and responsibilities enlisted therein.

The constitution may also guarantee certain rights to its members and encapsulate regulations for the governance of such an entity.

Meaning Of Constitutional Development of India

The constitution of India contains principles that govern the state of power across the nation. It is the premier that establishes the structure of the parliament and gives it the power to install relevant laws and policies. Because of the constitution, society can maintain a just condition within its ambit.

The base of the Constitutional Development of India can be traced back to the Regulating act of 1773. At the same time, it also draws inspiration from other British laws formulated in the Constituent assembly. However, there is a provision for amendment, which makes the Constitutional Development of India an ongoing process.

It can be parted into different phases, including the historical background, making an overview of the constitution.

Constitutional Development of India Historical Background

The Indian constitution is inclusive of The Company Rule and the Crown Rule. The colonial authorities did devise several techniques to deal with specific Indian concerns, due to which the Indian constitution bears some legacy of the British Administration and its system.

The constituent assembly prepared the Constitution of India, which took two years, 11 months and 17 days to complete the task. The assembly met several times to prepare the draft of the constitution. They worked upon several aspects of the constitution, including its composition, working of the assembly, committees for the assembly, enactment, and enforcement of the constitution.

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Current Status Of The Constitutional Development of India

The Indian constitution guides the supreme law of the country. As per the constitution, the core political principles of the government are enacted, along with their rights, authority, and responsibility.

Since the constituent assembly drafted the constitution, it confers constitutional supremacy instead of parliamentary supremacy. The parliament can hardly override the constitution of India.

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Essential Highlights For The Constitution Of Independent India

The current constitution of India was drawn up by the constituent assembly, which met for the first time on 9 December 1946. The proposal to create committees for the constitution was laid down on 14 August 1947.

After this, the drafting committee was established on 29 August 1947, after which the process of writing the constitution started. The first draft of the constitution was prepared in February 1948 by the then President, Dr Rajendra Prasad. Later on, the constitution was adopted on 26 November 1949.

After adopting the constitution, it came into effect on 26 January 1950, making India a Republic country. The constitution of India is the longest written constitution in the world since it contains over 395 articles and 12 schedules.

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FAQs on Constitutional Development of India

Q:1 What is the meaning of the Constitutional Development of India?

The Constitutional Development of India depicts the analysis of the evolvement of the constitution of India, which took several years and draws inspiration from several sources, from the time of origin to the present date.

Q:2 When was the constitution of Indian developed?

The Constitutional Development of India began with the institution of the constituent assembly, which was in charge of developing the constitution, going from the day when it was adopted in 1949 to the date when it finally came into force on 26 January 1950.

Q:3 Mention the acts related to the Constitutional Development of India under the category of East India Company Rule

The constitution of India draws influence from the Regulating act of 1773, the Pitts India Act of 1784, the Charter Act of 1813, the Charter Act of 1833 and the Charter Act of 1853.

Q:4 What happened to the constituent assembly after the Constitutional Development of India?

On 26 January 1950, when the constitution of India came into effect, the assembly ceased its functions. It was transformed into a provisional parliament for India until the new parliament was instituted in 1952.