Conflicts in West Asia have always remained in the news for constant conflicts between the countries in the region. Many disturbing reports are still coming from the area with a current crisis. West Asia today covers the areas of Iran, Turkey, Cyprus, Oman, Yemen, and the Persian Gulf.
The region occupies an important place in international trade and relations because of its strategic geographical location and proximity to countries and continents like Africa, Europe, China, Central Asia, and South Asia.
Geopolitical Risks of The Conflicts in West Asia
West Asia is the world’s biggest oil-producing area accounting for up to 50% of the total global crude oil exports and has trade links with different parts of the world.
Apart from its popularity for massive energy resources, the region is known for instability resulting from the involvement of international forces and sometimes internal conflicts. India is interested in the area for its huge demand for gas and oil and is therefore affected by crises and Conflicts in West Asia.
The Ottoman Empire controlled West Asia with peace among the people of varying religions, cultures, and races. However, when it got defeated in World War I, the territory was divided among allied powers like France and Britain.
The Origins of Conflicts in West Asia
Two of the most significant factors behind the conflicts in the region were – the Sykes-Picot Agreement and the Balfour Declaration. Under the Sykes-Picot agreement, the Ottoman provinces were divided among the British and the French so that conflicts arose within groups lumped together in one area.
The Balfour Declaration was made after the war by the British government, which is known to be the root of the never-ending Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Since then, the world has seen a series of wars, crises, and conflicts between the countries of West Asia, often affecting other continents and nations.
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Recent Flare-Ups In The Region
The dynamics of the politics in the region have kept changing through the years. The most recent crisis in West Asia was attributed to the tension between Iran and the United States after the latter killed a military commander of Iran, Qasem Soleimani, in an airstrike.
The conflict between Iran and USA has affected the global economy greatly. As India imports over 70% of its oil demand, a spike in the prices due to conflicts makes a huge difference to the country.
India's Role In The Conflicts in West Asia
The tension in the region can also affect the large Indian diaspora in West Asia and its forex reserves.
India has longstanding relationships with Iran and America, so it can play a key role in improving the situation for long-term benefits.
FAQs on Conflicts in West Asia
Q.1 Why are Conflicts in West Asia important for India?
The Gulf countries supply most of the natural gas and oil in India, promote the country’s trade and forex reserves, and host huge diasporas, thereby affecting the economy of India to a great extent.
Q.2 How many countries are a part of Conflicts in West Asia?
Twenty countries lie, partly or fully, in West Asia, out of which 13 belong to the Arab world. These countries contribute most to the Conflicts in West Asia.
Q.3 Which is the most populous country in Conflicts in West Asia?
The region's most populous countries are Iran and Turkey, with about 79 million people. While Turkey remains mostly peaceful, Iran remains a key proponent of Conflicts in West Asia.
Q.4 What is the Syrian conflict?
The civil war started in Syria ten years back between the pro-democratic insurgents and President Bashar al-Assad’s rule. To date, it remains one of the biggest Conflicts in West Asia.