Coalition Government

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Mar 31, 2022, 11:35

The term 'coalition' comes from the Latin word 'coalition, 'which means to grow together. A Coalition Government is a form of government where different political parties cooperate and come together to form a government. Such a government might exist during a crisis, war or political breakdown, or another emergency in the country.

Coalition Government - Overview

A group of advisors comes together to supervise and regulate a country's administration. This especially happens when no single party has won a majority in an election. A temporary solution to such a situation is a Coalition Government.

One of India's best examples of Coalition Governments was the 5-year term when Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee was the prime minister. The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) had a Coalition Government.

It is a great way to moderate inner political conflicts and contentions and work mutually for the progress and development of the country.

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Coalition Government Members

All the Coalition Government members are appointed to a cabinet for the smooth functioning of the government by determining common goals through agendas and strategies. If a Coalition Government collapses, a confidence vote is held, or a motion of no-confidence is taken.

If you look back into the political history of 2003, when Saddam Hussein in Iraq was supposedly prosecuted, it was a brilliant outcome of an international coalition or, better to term it, a coalition of those willing to achieve this goal.

Ideologies behind Coalition Government

  • A Coalition Government implies the co-existence of at least two or more political parties.
  • It is temporary conjunction for a specific interest as coalition politics is a dynamic affair where the parties or groups can dissolve or form new ones.
  • A Coalition Government always has room for diverse interests in the functioning of the government
  • The political parties may have different ideologies and agendas, but the Coalition Government runs on consensus-based politics, which strengthens the federal fabric of any political system.
  • Since all members are added to a cabinet, this kind of government reduces the chances of dictatorial rule.
  • The Coalition Government is not permanent but temporary and is prone to instability.
  • The resolution of the coalition is basically to take hold of power.
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FAQs on Coalition Government

Q.1. What is a Coalition Government?

A Coalition Government is a form of government where distinct political parties, at least two, cooperate and come together to form a government that is though a temporary solution and is formed for reward, material or psychic.

Q.2. What situations demand the formation of a Coalition Government?

In times of national difficulty or crisis, for instance, war-time, economic crisis, etc., and when any party fails to win a majority in elections, a Coalition Government is needed.

Q.3. What is the benefit of a Coalition Government?

One important aspect or benefit of a Coalition Government is that the political parties cooperate to form this government, leave aside their political ideologies and work in cooperation. Rather there is enough space for diverse interests in the functioning of the government.

Q.4. State one important feature of Coalition Government?

Realistic and not philosophical is the essence of coalition politics and works based on political adjustments.