China's String of Pearls

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Mar 25, 2022, 9:30

China's String of Pearls refers to the Chinese intention to install a network in IOR (Indian Ocean Region) encompassing India. Each Pearl string denotes some permanent Chinese military structure in a sequence of areas along a Line. Also, the contemporary expansion of docks around India, in Hambantota, Gwadar, and Sittwe located on the Bay of Bengal shore in the Myanmar territory is the region of China's string of pearls.

In addition, even when these are commercial docks, the most significant fear that India faces is that these areas could quickly get converted to Naval establishments in case of any conflict. Keep reading the article below to read more about China's string of pearls to help you with your UPSC exam preparation.

Impact of China's String of Pearls

Here are some impacts that China's pearl of strings hold on India.

  • Strategic impact: Strings of pearls will point to China encircling India to denominate the Indian Ocean as China does not have an opening in the Indian ocean. The strategic influence of India, which it enjoys in modern times in the Indian ocean, will get lowered. Nations that today view India as a member in response to China may end up in the dominance of China.
  • Economic impact: Indian resources will get diverted towards security and defence. Therefore, the country's economy will not attain its potential hindering economic development. It might further lead to instability in the country and the southeast and east area.
  • Maritime security: China's presence on the Indian ocean and the Bay of Bengal will pose a significant threat to India's safety through the water. China is growing more firepower with more submarines, desecrators, ships, and vessels as it threatens Indian maritime security.
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Moreover, China's backing for India's conventional enemy, Pakistan, and the construction of its Gwadar Port is considered a danger. It further gets compounded by worries that China may create a global naval military base in Gwadar, which could let China execute expeditionary combat in the Indian Ocean area.

Measures Taken in China's string of pearls

The Indian government employs an approach to combat the Chinese String of Pearls Strategy. The technique includes building docks, comprehensive CSR (Coastal Surveillance Radar) techniques to track Chinese Submarines and Warships, importing cutting-edge surveillance aeroplanes.

In addition, these aircraft can effortlessly track Chinese warships and aircraft run airports in neighbouring nations to keep a watch on the Port constructed by China. Furthermore, it would further deepen defence relations, develop bilateral connections with South Asian nations and carry out routine military drills with navies of Japan, the USA, Australia. Below are some measures the Indian government has taken to combat China's string of pearls.

  • Act East Policy: This policy was established as a measure to incorporate India's economy with southeast Asian countries. It has been employed to make a significant army and strategic arrangements with South Korea, Vietnam, Japan, Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand, and Singapore, allowing India to counter China.
  • Military associations: India has created a strategic naval association with Myanmar to elevate and prepare its navy, which gives India an expanded footprint in the region. India has also built strategic ties for military alliance in the region with Australia, Japan, and the USA.
  • Chabahar dock: India is expanding Chabahar dock in Iran, extending an unexplored land-sea path to Central Asian nations circumventing Pakistan. Chhabahar gives India a strategic place since it oversees the Gulf of Oman, a significant oil supply passage.
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FAQs on Chinas String of Pearls

Q.1. What does China's String of Pearls entail?

China's String of Pearls refers to the Chinese intention to install a network in IOR (Indian Ocean Region) encompassing India. Each Pearl string denotes some permanent Chinese military structure in a sequence of areas along a Line.

Q.2. How will China's string of pearls impact India?

China's presence on the Indian ocean and the Bay of Bengal will pose a significant threat to India's safety through the water.

Q.3. Where are Chinas String of Pearls?

China's String of Pearls refers to a geopolitical theory to the network of Chinese intentions in the India Ocean Region (IOR).

Q.4. What is the economic impact of China's string of pearls on India?

Indian resources will get diverted towards security and defence. Therefore, the country's economy will not attain its potential hindering economic development.