Child Labour Prohibition and Regulation Act 1986

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Apr 19, 2022, 6:00

Child Labor Prohibition Regulation Bill was passed in 1986, and it came on the Statute Book as The Child Labor Prohibition and Regulation Act, 1986.

Child Labor Prohibition and Regulation Act aims to suppress any form of child abuse in the name of hazardous employment of children who haven't completed 14 years of age. The main objective is to prohibit the engagement of children in precarious occupations and processes and regulate the conditions of the non-precarious occupations and processes.

The legislature strongly desired the prohibition of child labour The Child Labor Prohibition and Regulation Act, 1986 is a bold step towards that goal. Its preamble indicates the twin objective of this Act: to forbid the engagement of children in hazardous employment and regulate guidelines for a segment of work that children are allowed to engage in.

Features of Child Labor Prohibition and Regulation Act

The Child Labor Prohibition and Regulation Act, 1986 was passed with its main features being as follows:

  • Banning employment for children below the age of 14 years in specific occupations and processes
  • Formulating the procedure to decide modifications to the Schedule of banned occupations and processes
  • Modulate the work conditions of children in employments where they are not prohibited from working
  • Formulate the enhanced penalties for children's employment in violation of the guidelines of the Act
  • To empower the Central Government to constitute a Child Labor Technical Advisory Committee to advise the Central Government to add occupation and processes to the Schedule appended to the Act.
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Positive Changes After the Passing of the Child Labor Prohibition and Regulation Act

This Act has played an important role in:

  • Reducing the rate of child labour employment in India, resulting in reducing the hazardous risks to children's life and child exploitation.
  • Making it clear that the rights of the children are inalienable and indivisible.

After the mentioned guideline, if an employer is found contravening the rules and regulations, they will be liable to punishment including fine or imprisonment, or both. Although child labour has reduced after this Act came into being, this evil practice is still persisting in society due to illiteracy and poverty. To overcome this issue, society has to take a collective responsibility to build more awareness about this immoral practice.

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FAQs on Child Labor Prohibition Regulation Act

Q.1. Why did the Indian Government pass the Child Labor Prohibition and Regulation Act?

Ans: The Child Labor Prohibition and Regulation Act were enacted based on the recommendations of the committee in 1986 to safeguard the interests of children and their wellbeing.

Q.2. When and by whom was the Child Labor Prohibition and Regulation Act passed?

Ans: The Child Labor Prohibition and Regulation Act, 1986 was passed by both the Houses of Parliament after receiving the assent of the President on 23rd December 1986.

Q.3. What are the work conditions for children under the Child Labor Prohibition and Regulation Act 1986?

Ans: As per the Child Labor Prohibition and Regulation Act, the number of hours for work shall be fixed by the establishment, and the child employee must not work for more than three hours without an hour of break.

Q.4. In which year did the parliament amend The Child Labor Prohibition and Regulation Act?

Ans: Child Labor Prohibition and Regulation Act were amended in 2012.