The Central Vigilance (CV) Commissioner is the highest vigilance official that oversees all vigilance activities under the central Government and plans, advises, reviews, reforms, and conducts various vigilance operations. The CVC is not controlled by any ministry. It is an independent body that can only answer to the Parliament.
The Government founded the Central Vigilance Commission in February 1964 on the recommendation of the Anti-Corruption Commission, led by Shri K. Santhanam. Nittoor Srinivasa Rau first headed the CVC in 1964. Currently, the post is held by Suresh N Patel. In 2003, Congress passed the CVC Act, giving CVC legal status.
Major Functions of the Central Vigilance Commissioner
The Central Vigilance Commission receives complaints about official corruption or abuse and recommends appropriate action. The following agencies, facilities, or individuals can contact the central vigilance commissioner:
- Central Government
- Local Authorities
Whistleblowers - an employee of a company or government agency/an outsider (media, government officials, police, etc.) who may want to disclose information about misconduct to the general public or officials.
About the Central Vigilance Committee and Commission
The CVC agency consists of a Multi-Member Committee that appoints a central vigilance commissioner (chairperson) and 2 vigilance officers (members). Both the categories of commissioners are appointed by the President on the suggestion of a committee that is formed by the following members of the country:
- The Prime Minister (Chairman)
- The opposition party leader (member of the House of the People)
- The Minister of Home Affairs (members).
The term of office of the Central Vigilance Commissioners is 4 years from inauguration or up to 65 years, whichever comes first.
The Central Vigilance Commission has its own secretariat, Chief Technical Examiners' Wing (CTE), and Commissioners for Departmental Inquiries (CDI).
Characteristics of the Central Vigilance Commissioner
- The central vigilance commissioner is not a part of the research institution. They get verifications and investigations done by either the CBI or the Chief Alert Officer (CVO) of a government agency.
- Under the Anti-Corruption Act of 1988, the CVC commissioner has the authority to investigate alleged crimes committed by certain categories of civil servants.
Role and Responsibilities of the Central Vigilance Commissioner
The CV commissioner does not have an investigative department because they rely on the CBI and the Central Organization's Chief Vigilance Officers (CVO).
- CBI operates under the overall supervision of the CV commissioner on matters related to the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988.
- The CVC Act provides the central vigilance commissioner with the power to head the selection of the CBI Director and to appoint other officers of the CBI, like the SP or those in other higher ranks.
FAQs on Central Vigilance Commissioner
Q.1. Who is the current Central Vigilance Commissioner chairman?
Mr Suresh N. Patel is the current Central Vigilance Commission chairman.
Q.2. When was the Central Vigilance Commissioner act established?
The Central Vigilance Commission Act was introduced in 2003.
Q.3. Who are Chief Vigilance Officers (CVO)?
The CVC's vigilance management is headed by the central vigilance commissioner, who is further supported by Chief Vigilance Officers (CVO) that are appointed after prior consultation with the CV commissioner.