Central Vigilance Commission

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Mar 25, 2022, 12:46

Central Vigilance Commission is the highest government body to address issues related to governmental corruption. The body was created in 1964 as an outcome of the recommendation of the Committee on Prevention of Corruption. And in 2003, the Parliament enacted a law to confer the statutory status on Central Vigilance Commission(No45 0f 2003).

The body is free from any authoritative executive control. It is responsible for monitoring for activities of the Central Government regarding vigilance and advising the various Central Government authorities on how to plan, execute, review and reform their civil work. Further, in 2004, the Government authorized the Commission as the "designated agency".

Governance of Central Vigilance Commission

  • The Central Vigilance Commission is a multi-member statutory body with Central Vigilance Commissioner as the Chairperson and two Vigilance Commission members. The number of vigilance commissioners cannot be more than two.
  • Secretariate The Secretariate will have a Secretary and four additional Secretaries, 30 directors/Deputy Secretaries, and four undersecretaries and Office Staff.
  • Chief Technical Examiner's Wing Two engineers in the rank of Chief Technical Examiners and supporting engineering staff.
  • Commissioners of Departmental Inquiries (CDI) There will be 14 Commissioners for Departmental Enquiries, of which 11 are in the capacity of Directors, and three are Deputy Secretary.

Appointments and Term

The President of India appoints the Central Vigilance Commissioner and Vigilance Commissioners on the recommendation of a committee that consists of the Prime Minister as the Chairperson and Minister of Home Affair and the Leader of the Opposition in House of People.

The Office term is for four years for both the Central Vigilance Commissioner and the Vigilance Commissioners from the date they enter the office or till they are 65 years of age, whichever is earlier.

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Functions of Central Vigilance Commission

  1. It is to receive complaints on corruption or misuse of office from Central Government, Lokpal or whistleblower and suggest appropriate measures in the form of actions to be taken.
  2. The Commission is primarily an advisory body with no adjudicatory functions.
  3. It does not conduct investigations on its own. On complaints being brought to the body, it gets the CBI or Chief Vigilance Officer in Government offices to do the investigation.
  4. It is also empowered to inquire about certain public servants' offences under the Prevention of Corruption Act 1988.
  5. It issues an annual report on the work of the Commission and identifies the failures in the system that has led to corruption in government departments. The report also mentions improvement and preventive measures to overcome the failures.
  6. It exercises superintendence over Delhi Special Police Establishment activities concerning investigation under the Prevention of Corruption Act 1988 or CRPC for some specific public servant categories. It can also give directions to the Delhi Special Police Establishment about the discharge of the latter's responsibilities.

Central Vigilance Commission Jurisdiction

  1. All India Service members serving in connection with affairs of Central Government Group A or Union officers.
  2. Scale V and above Pubic Sector Bank Officers.
  3. Reserve bank of India, Nabard, and SIDBI Officers in Grade D and above.
  4. Schedule 'A' and 'B' Public Sector Undertakings Chief Executives and Executives on the Board and other officers of E-8 and above.
  5. Schedule 'C' and 'D' Public Sector Undertakings Chief Executives and Executives on the Board and other officers of E-7 and above.
  6. General Insurance Companies Manager and above.
  7. Life Insurance Corporation's SDM and above.
  8. Officers whose salary is Rs.8700/- p.m. and above as per the Central Government D.A. pattern, as on the date of the notification or as revised from time to time in Societies and other Local Authorities.
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FAQs on Central Vigilance Commission

Q.1. Who was the First Central Vigilance Commissioner of CVC of India?

Nittoor Srinivasa Rau was the appointed by K. Santhanam committee as the first Central Vigilance Commissioner of India.

Q.2. What is Central Vigilance Commission Act?

An Act to provide for the constitution of a Central Vigilance Commission to inquire or cause inquiries to be conducted into offences alleged to have been committed under the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988.

Q.3. When is Central Vigilance Week Observed?

Every Year the Central Vigilance Week is observed during the birthday week of Sardar Vallabbhai Patel, i,e the last week of October.

Q.4. Who is now the Central Vigilance Commissioner of India?

The Central Vigilance Commissioner of India is Mr Suresh N Patel.