Central Administrative Tribunal [CAT]

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Mar 25, 2022, 13:06

The Central Administrative Tribunal (CAT) is a statutory body established in 1985 under Article 323-A of the Indian Constitution. This tribunal aims to resolve and settle disputes and grievances related to the recruitment and conditions of service of government employees. This tribunal was set up to fast-track the decisions and settlements related to the employee grievances.

The agency manages the issues concerning Ministries and the Department of the Central Government along with 207 other organizations. There are 17 benches and 21 circuit benches of the tribunal. Further details about the members, functions, and benches of CAT can be studied further in this article.

Members of Central Administrative Tribunal

Section 4 of the Administrative Act of 1985 lays forth the courts and the bench structure. According to the statute, a tribunal must have a chairman, vice-chairman, and judicial and administrative members. Besides, having judicial and administrative members in a tribunal is mandatory.

The President of India appoints the Chairman, Vice-Chairman, and other Tribunal members. The judicial members are appointed by the President but only after consulting with the Chief Justice of India.

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Eligibility of Members of the Central Administrative Tribunal

The table below lists the eligibility qualifications of the various Tribunal Members.




A person must be a high-court judge. However, a person holding the position of Vice-Chairman for two years can also be appointed chairman.


A person could be a high-court judge or have held the post of Secretary to the Government of India or any other post with the same pay scale for two years.

A person holding the post is an Additional Secretary to the Government of India or any other post with the same pay scale for five years.

Judicial Members

A person could be a high court judge or a member of the Indian Legal Service holding a Grade I post for at least three years.

Administrative Members

A person holding the post of Additional Secretary to the Government of India or any post with equivalent pay for at least two years.

A person with adequate administrative experience or worked as a Joint Secretary to the Government of India or any other equivalent post.

Central Administrative Tribunal Benches and Their Jurisdictions

The table below lists the CAT benches and their respective jurisdictions.

CAT Benches


Principal Bench

NCT Delhi

Ahmedabad Bench


Allahabad Bench

UP and Uttranchal (excluding Lucknow)

Lucknow Bench

It covers the districts of Lucknow, Hardoi, Kheri, Raebareli, Sitapur, Unnao, Faizabad, Ambedkar Nagar, Baharaich, Shravasti, Barabanki, Gonda, Balrampur, Pratapgarh, Sultanpur.

Bangalore Bench

Covering the state of Karnataka

Calcutta Bench

West Bengal, Sikkim, and the Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar

Chandigarh Bench

Chandigarh, J&K, Himachal Pradesh, and Punjab

Cuttack Bench


Ernakulum Bench

Kerala and Lakshadweep

Guwahati Bench

Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh,and Mizoram

Hyderabad Bench

Andhra Pradesh

Jabalpur Bench

Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh

Jodhpur Bench

Rajasthan (excluding the regions covered in Jaipur Bench)

Jaipur Bench

District of Ajmer, Alwar, Baran, Bharatpur, Bundi, Dausa, Dholpur, Jaipur, Jhalawar, Jhunjhunu, Kota, Sawai Madhopur, Sikar, Tonk, and Karauli

Chennai Bench

Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry

Mumbai Bench

Maharashtra, Goa, Daman and Dui, and Dadra and Nagar Haveli

Patna Bench

Bihar and Jharkhand

Central Administrative Tribunal is an important statutory body responsible for managing the disputes and grievances of government employees. The tribunal not only fast-tracks adjudication but also takes off much of the workload from the courts, allowing them to focus on other important judicial matters. This legal body is significantly helpful in resolving employee issues and enhancing India's legal system.

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FAQs on Central Administrative Tribunal

Q.1. When was the Central Administrative Tribunal established?

The Central Administrative Tribunal was established in 1985 under the Administrative Tribunals Act, 1985.

Q.2. How many Central Administrative Tribunal benches are there in the Country?

There are 17 Central Administrative Tribunal benches and 21 circuit benches in the Country.

Q.3. What is the member structure of the Central Administrative Tribunal?

A Central Administrative Tribunal comprises a Chairman, a Vice-Chairman, and Judicial and Administrative members.

Q.4. Who appoints the Chairman of the Central Administrative Tribunal?

The President of India appoints the Chairman of the Central Administrative Tribunal.