India conducts the census of its citizens once every 10 years. The British started conducting a census in 1872, and India continued the practice. The Census of India 2011 is the 15th, and the latest census was conducted nationally. Indian census is the biggest statistical census exercise done in the world.
The Indian constitution, in the form of Article 246 and the Census Act of 1948, makes it legal to conduct a census in India. State and Central governments work together to collect the data for the census.
Importance of Census Data
Census data provides valuable information for policymaking and budget allocations for various programs run by the government. The census information is the only source of truth for data of villages and wards.
Census of India 2011 Methodology
The Indian census follows the canvasser method, where the data collectors visit every home and fill out a questionnaire. This exercise takes three weeks. It is followed by a revisional round where errors in the data are corrected.
Data Collected for Census of India 2011
Census data is one of the most important statistics that the government collects. This data is used to fund programs for the progress of the country. Indian census collects extensive data during its listing operations and analysis and aggregates numbers.
Some main data groups that get collected are demographic data, economic and financial situation data, literacy information, and data on religion.
Highlights of Census of India 2011
According to the 15th census of India, the Indian population in the 2011 census stands at 1.21 billion or 121 crores. The population growth has been 17.7% decade over decade, slightly less from 2001 to 2011. This is the first time that the population growth has reduced from a decade before.
Census of India 2011 shows that the density of population in India has grown from 325 people per square kilometre to 382 people per square kilometre. With these numbers, India is only second to Bangladesh in population density.
Of the Indian population in the 2011 count, the female population is growing faster than the males. The sex ratio, which measures the number of women per thousand men, is on par with the developed countries. Data from the census of 2011 showed that there were 940 females to that 1,000 males.
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This is an important number as India has consistently decreased the female population. For the last two decades, this number has improved, showing that the measures for eliminating female infanticide have been working.
The literacy rate is another important data that the census collects. Anyone who can read and write and is over seven years old is called literate. According to the 2011 data, India's literacy rate is 74.04%. Kerala continues to be the state with the highest literacy at 93.91%, and Bihar continues to be the state with the lowest literacy at 63.82%.
While the female literacy rate has improved over a decade, it still stands lower than the male literacy rate. According to the 2011 census, the female literacy rate is 65.46%, and male literacy is 82.14%.
India has over 400 million workers, according to the 15th census of India. This accounts for about 39.1% of the total population of the country. Over 312 million out of the 400 million are main workers, and the rest are marginal workers.
FAQs on Census of India 2011
Q1: Which state had a decreasing population growth according to the census of India in 2011?
Nagaland had a decreasing population growth according to the Census of India 2011.
Q2: What is India's population growth according to the Census of India 2011?
Population growth, according to the Census of India 2011, was 17.72%.
Q3: Which state had the highest population growth according to the census of India in 2011.
Uttar Pradesh had the highest population growth according to the Census of India 2011.
Q4: Which Union Territory had the lowest population growth according to the census of India in 2011?
Lakshadweep had the lowest population growth at 6.3%, according to the Census of India 2011.