All India Kisan Sabha [AIKS]

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Apr 13, 2022, 13:14

The All India Kisan Sabha [AIKS] is a peasant front in India that advocates for farmer rights and the anti-feudal campaign. It was created in 1936 as the All India Kisan Congress during the Indian National Congress (INC) Lucknow session.

Following the separation of the Communist Party of India in 1964, the All India Kisan Sabha 1936 front also got split into two- All India Kisan Sabha (CPI) and All India Kisan Sabha (CPI-M; Akhil Bhartiya Kisan Sabha).

Facts about the All India Kisan Sabha

The Kisan Sabha movement originated in Bihar. Sahajanand Saraswati founded the Bihar Provincial Kisan Sabha (BPKS) in 1929. The All India Kisan Sabha serves as a platform for peasants, agricultural workers, and other rural labourers.

Objectives of the All India Kisan Sabha

The objectives of the All India Kisan Sabha are as follows:

  • To eradicate landlordism and provide free land to agricultural and other rural labourers.
  • To raise the rural masses' standard of living while also developing agriculture and industries.
  • To put a stop to the exploitation of agricultural and other rural labourers.
Important Exam
UPSC ExamIBPS PO Exam
SSC ExamDefence Exam
SSC CHSL ExamSSC Steno Exam
RRB JE ExamSSC CGL
RRB NTPC ExamIBPS Clerk Exam
IBPS SO ExamUPPSC Exam

Disagreement between All India Kisan Sabha and INC

Many from the INC leadership were Zamindars themselves, whereas the peasants and labourers belonged to a different social stratum. The class conflict took place within the INC and hampered the implementation of all the schemes envisioned by Gandhi, Nehru, and others. The INC failed to keep all of the commitments it made to the peasants. As a result, the peasants lost faith in the INC administration.

The All India Kisan Sabha felt deceived by the INC and when Mahatma Gandhi called for the Quit India Movement in 1942, peasant leaders such as Swami Sahajanand Saraswati urged farmers not to endorse Gandhi or the INC.

☛ Also Read: Weekly Affairs Today

The peasant movement began to be influenced by communists and socialists, and the schism between INC and AIKS became clear during the INC Haripura conference. In May 1942, the CPI seized control of the All India Kisan Sabha [AIKS] throughout the country.

Following the breakup of the Communist Party of India in 1964, there are currently two organisations operating under the name AIKS:

  1. All India Kisan Sabha [AIKS] - Peasant Wing of the Communist Party of India
  2. All India Kisan Sabha [AIKS] - Peasant Front of the Communist Party of India-Marxist; also known as All India Kisan Sabha (36 Canning Lane).

Recent developments regarding the All India Kisan Sabha [AIKS]

1. Protests against three Agri-bills:

  • Farmers' Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, 2020, Farmer's (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Act, 2020, and Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act, 2020 were the targets of statewide protests spearheaded by AIKS.
  • AIKS arranged a tractor rally in the national capital on January 26, 2021.

2. On February 26, 2022, AIKS joined numerous farmers for a march to the Collector's Office in Dhule District (Maharashtra), demanding a forest land certificate.

The All India Kisan Sabha 1936 was a well-known peasant struggle that began in the twentieth century against the Zamindari System. It now assists farmers, peasants, and other agricultural and rural workers in raising their living standards.

More Current Affairs Topics
National Human Trafficking Awareness DayBank Holidays in Rajasthan
Difference Between Gram Sabha and Gram PanchayatDifference Between IAS and IPS
Difference Between Green Card and CitizenshipNational Maritime Security Coordinator [NMSC]
Aegean SeaAfrican Forest Elephants
Buxa Tiger ReserveDifference Between Hardware and Software

FAQs on All India Kisan Sabha [AIKS]

Q.1. When and who started the All India Kisan Sabha?

The All India Kisan Sabha was an Indian peasant organisation. Swami Sahajanand Saraswati created the AIUKS in 1936.

Q.2. When did the peasant front of the All India Kisan Sabha, 1936 split?

Following the separation of the Communist Party of India in 1964, the All India Kisan Sabha, 1936 front also split into two- All India Kisan Sabha (CPI) and All India Kisan Sabha (CPI-M; Akhil Bhartiya Kisan Sabha).

Q.3. What were the primary objectives of the All India Kisan Sabha, 1936?

The main motives of the All India Kisan Sabha were:

  • To abolish the Zamindari system,
  • To reduce land revenue,
  • To institutionalise credit.

Q.4. How many members are associated with the All India Kisan Sabha?

The All India Kisan Sabha (AIKS) is India's largest peasant organisation with about one crore seventeen lakh members in 2020-21.