Administrative Relations Between Union and State

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : May 16, 2022, 5:07

The Indian Constitution provides elaborate provisions in order to serve a greater degree of cooperation between the Union and States.

The Constitution of India provides the Union and States with the power to determine their own Constitution. It also lays down the administrative relations between the Union and States. Other relations between the union and state are financial relations and legislative relations. Administrative Relations Between Union and State aim to allow India a dual polity with a clear division of powers.

Administrative Relations Between the Union and State

The Indian Constitution states the Administrative Relations Between Union and State under Article 256 to Article 263(PART XI). It also constituted the Punchhi commission of 2007, which helped determine the relationship between the Union and States.

The government of India also classified their relationships as Union-State relations in normal times or peacetime and Union-State relations during an emergency.

Administrative relations look after many aspects, including the distribution of Executive Powers, the obligation of the Union and States, cooperation and coordination between the Union and States, All India Services, and more.

Administrative Relations Between Union and State - All India Services

The Parliament of India replaced the Indian Police (IP) and Indian Civil Service (ICS) with Indian Administrative Service (IAS) and Indian Police Service (IPS), respectively, in 1947. The Indian parliament established the Indian forest service (IFS) in 1966. AIS come under the aspect of Administrative Relations Between Union and State.

The Union recruits and trains professionals for these three services. According to Article 312, the parliament has the authority to create a new AIS based on the Rajya Sabha resolution to that effect.

The AIS helps ensure uniformity of the administrative system throughout the country and maintain high administration standards in both States and the Union.

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Administrative Relations Between Union and State Obligations

The Constitution lays down the provision under the Articles that deals with Administrative Relations Between Union and State. This provision determines when the government needs to take over the State's Constitution if the State is guilty of either negligence of its duties or willful defiance.

The Constitution of India has placed two restrictions on the State's executive power that make the Union government exercise its executive power in an unrestricted manner. According to Article 356, the President can impose their rule on the State if the State is guilty.

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Power of the States That Delegate Functions to the Union

Article 258-A allows the State Governor's power to entrust conditionally or unconditionally to the functions with the consent of the Union Government. It shows the Administrative Relations Between Union and State.

The Indian Constitution established Article 256 to 263 that deals with the Administrative Relations Between Union and State and divides the relations into two parts.

The articles under the Union-State relation in normal times are 256, 258, 262, 275, and 312. The articles that deal with Union-State relations during an emergency are Articles 352, 356, and 360.

The Indian government includes some provisions to secure cooperation and coordination between the Union and States.

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FAQs on Administrative Relations Between Union and State

Q1) Which Articles state the Administrative Relations Between Union and State?

The Indian Constitution states the Administrative Relations Between Union and State under Article 256 to Article 263 (PART XI).

Q2) What is the scope of the Administrative Relations Between Union and State?

Administrative Relations Between Union and State look after many aspects, including the distribution of Executive Powers, the obligation of the Union and States, cooperation and coordination between the Union and States, All India Services, and more.

Q3) What are the obligations of the States And Union in Administrative Relations Between Union and State?

The provision under the Administrative Relations Between Union and State determines when the government needs to take over the State's Constitution if the State is guilty of either negligence of its duties or willful defiance.

Q4) Which Articles of the Indian Constitution deal with Administrative Relations Between Union and State in normal times and in an emergency?

The articles that deal with the Administrative Relations Between Union and State in normal times are 256, 258, 262, 275, and 312. The articles that deal with Union-State relations during an emergency are Articles 352, 356, and 360.