Administrative Reforms in India

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Apr 12, 2022, 14:15

The administration system of India provides services intending to fulfil the needs of the citizens of this country. This system undergoes various reforms to cater to the new changes in society or to rectify the faults of old administrative processes. After independence, there was a need for a Commission to make the work of public administration efficient and to guide in reforming the administrative practices as and when needed. Thus, a Commission was set up in January 1966.

The first Administrative Reforms in India are considered the change of colonial rule to the democracy we know today. Since then, many commissions and committees have been established to shape an efficient administrative system.

Administrative Reforms in India - Major Committees

  1. Gopal Swami Ayyangar Committee (1949): This was the first committee undertaken by Gopalaswamy Ayyangar, which recommended the grouping of ministries, improvement of the personnel and working of the O&M division, etc.
  2. Gorwala Committee (1951): This committee was set up for bringing Administrative Reforms in India by focusing on the planning and development of the administrative system.
  3. Paul H. Appleby Committee (1953): After a survey, this committee recommended the establishment of an O&M division to improve methods and procedures of administration in the country.
  4. Administrative Reforms Commission (1966-70): Its recommendations led to the establishment of Lokpal and Lokayukta. This committee guided other major Administrative Reforms in India. There have been two Administrative Reforms Commissions (ARC) so far. The ARC set up in 1966 was headed first by Morarji Desai and later by K. Hanumanthaiah. The second ARC was established in 2005 under the leadership of Veerappa Moily.
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First Administrative Reforms in India

The first ARC (1966) was set up to make major reforms in the public administration of India. 20 reports were made in this commission regarding Administrative Reforms in India PDF, and 537 recommendations were given.

The important issues that were covered in the report of the first ARC were:

  • Centre-State Relationship
  • Financial, Personnel, District, Agricultural and Economic administration
  • Procedures of the Government machinery
  • Planning system at every level of administration
  • Recruitment and training of Service and Central Government posts.
  • Citizen grievances redressal problems
  • Need for specialization in government administration.

Recommendations of the first ARC for Administrative Reforms in India are:

  • Recommendation on the centre-state relations
  • The procedure for high court judge appointments to be transferred to the Ministry of Law
  • The guidelines of discretionary powers of the Governor must be decided by the inter-state council.

Second Administrative Reforms in India

The second ARC (2005) aimed to inquire about and remodel public administration. 15 reports and 1500 recommendations were submitted, which promoted the Personnel and Administrative Reforms Department Govt of India.

The mandate issues covered that were prioritised in the report of this ARC were:

  • Providing a boost to the financial management infrastructure
  • Improving people administration
  • Drafting measures and Step-plans to implement powerful administration at the State and District level
  • Disaster Management
  • Promoting E-Governance
  • Ensuring good conduct in the government administration
  • Planning the regulatory structure of the Indian Government.

Following were the major recommendations of the second ARC:

  • Introduce Crisis Management
  • Right to Information as an important step toward Good Governance
  • Focus on human capital management
  • Refurbishing Personnel Administration
  • Promotion of citizen-centric administration
  • Recommendations for public order.

The various Administrative Reforms in India PDF have been the foundation blocks for our efficient public administration system. Many recommendations like E-governance, Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, and Digital India have helped pave the way for more progressive administration methods in the country.

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FAQs on Administrative Reforms in India

Q.1. How are Administrative Reforms in India brought about?

Administrative Reforms in India have been brought about by two major commissions (ARC).

Q.2. Why are Administrative Reforms in India necessary?

Administrative Reforms in India are necessary to address issues and make changes that improvise the existing administrative system and cater to new government policies.

Q.3. Who first introduced the Administrative Reforms in India after Independence?

The first Administrative Reforms in India were introduced by Morarji Desai.

Q.4. What are Administrative Reforms in India?

Administrative Reforms in India are meant to be conscious changes that are brought into force to improve the public administration of the country.