Adjournment Sine Die

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Mar 31, 2022, 13:18

Adjournment Sine Die is a legal term used in Parliament and courts regarding an ongoing issue. The term is made of three words, two of which are Latin. The literal Adjournment Sine Die meaning is Adjournment without day.

It refers to the adjourning of a meeting or session of Parliament or a case in the court for an indefinite period when it is to be terminated without announcing the next specific day and date.

Key Features of Adjournment Sine Die

  1. It simply means the termination of the sitting of the Parliament or hearing of a case for an unspecified period.
  2. In Parliament, the power to declare Adjournment Sine Die for any sitting in any House lies with the presiding officer.
  3. The presiding officer of a House can announce a sitting of the House before the date or time to which it has been suspended or at any time after the House has been Adjourned Sine Die.
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Application of Adjournment Sine Die

There should be serious reasons in order to call Adjournment Sine Die by the assigned authorities. The following reasons can be the cause of such an adjournment:

  1. If the proceedings are not possible in the foreseeable future. (E.g. if the defendant cannot participate in future legal proceedings because he is in jail.)
  2. If the wrong procedure is followed.

Example of Adjournment Sine Die

In the Winter Session 2021, a deadlock was seen between the Government and the Opposition over the suspension of several MPs in the previous Monsoon Session due to alleged unruly behaviour in Rajya Sabha.

The suspended MPs were demonstrating every day in front of the Gandhi Statue in the Parliament complex. This demonstration was led by the support of Opposition leader Mallikarjun Kharge and other MPs. Due to this, Adjournment Sine Die was invoked a day prior to the predetermined day.

Adjournment Sine Die is a powerful device that impacts the working of Parliament and affects the productivity of the Sessions of the Houses. It simply is the consequence of the unruly behaviour of the members of Parliament or wrong measures used by them to proceed with sittings in the Parliament.

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FAQs on Adjournment Sine Die

Q.1. What does Sine Die stand for in Adjournment Sine Die?

Sine Die is the Latin term that is translated to ‘without day’. Adjournment Sine Die meaning is the adjournment of a meeting for an indefinite period; that is, a meeting is adjourned without a day specified for future proceedings.

Q.2. How is Adjournment different from Adjournment Sine Die?

When the sitting of Parliament in a House is adjourned for the day and the day, date and time of the next sitting is announced, it is called the Adjournment. In contrast, when the sitting is adjourned without determining the day and time of the next meeting, it is called Adjournment Sine Die.

Q.3. Who can use the device Adjournment Sine Die in Parliament?

The presiding officer of the House can use Adjournment Sine Die for the sitting of the Parliament.

Q.4. What does failed Adjournment Sine Die mean?

When Adjournment Sine Die is invoked for a sitting, the meeting is suspended for an unspecified time. Thus, all the bills which could not proceed to the status of Enacted, Vetoed, or Failed due to the early suspension are said to be Sine Die - failed.