Aadhaar Act 2016

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Apr 6, 2022, 10:50

Under the Aadhaar Act 2016, Indian nationals can enrol to secure an Aadhar number by providing their demographics and biometrics. The Issuing Authority cannot deactivate or omit the Aadhaar number after its issue.

The particular purpose of the Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and Other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Act, 2016, is to aid the underprivileged and those living below the poverty line with the opportunity to live better lives.

Main Features of the Aadhaar Act 2016

  • The UIDAI (Unique Identification Authority of India) issues a 12-digit random number to Indian residents who have gone through the verification process in accordance with the Aadhaar Act.
  • The Aadhaar number is a unique identification number assigned to citizens that can be verified online.
  • As per the Aadhaar Act 2016 UPSC, regardless of age or gender, any resident of India may voluntarily enrol to obtain an Aadhaar number.
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Eligibility of Aadhaar Act 2016

The Aadhaar Act requires anyone who is a resident of India (or has lived in India for at least 182 days in the twelve months before the date of enrolment) to apply for an Aadhaar number by providing demographic and biometric information.

Salient Features of Aadhaar Act 2016

  • An Aadhaar number issued to a person may not be reassigned to another person.
  • An Aadhaar number must be a random number that has no relation to the Aadhaar number holder's attributes or identity.

Aadhaar Act 2016 Security

  • The Aadhaar Act 2016 UPSC lays the responsibility on the UIDAI to secure individuals' identity information and authentication records.
  • The Aadhaar Act states that the UIDAI shall safeguard the information in its possession or control, including information stored in the Central Identities Data Repository. It is secure and protected against unauthorized access, use, or disclosure under this Act or its regulations and accidental or intentional destruction, loss, or damage.

Aadhaar Act 2016 - Penalties for Offences

  • A person is punishable with imprisonment of up to three years and a fine of Rs 10 lakh (minimum) for unauthorized access to the centralized database, including revealing any information stored according to the Aadhaar Act.
  • If a requesting entity or an enrolling agency violates the rules, their offences are punishable by up to one-year imprisonment, a fine of Rs 10,000, or Rs 1 lakh (for companies) as per the Aadhaar Act 2016 UPSC.

When it comes to transparency, the Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and Other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Act 2016, has been a key differentiator. Resolving privacy concerns can be possible if a strong consent and purpose limitation framework is built.

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FAQs on Aadhaar Act 2016

Q.1. Is the Aadhaar card provided under the Aadhaar Act 2016 a proof of citizenship?

Yes. An Aadhar cardholder, under the Aadhaar Act 2016, can use it as domicile and citizenship proof.

Q.2. When was the Aadhaar Act 2016, passed by the Lok Sabha?

The Lok Sabha approved the Aadhaar Act 2016, on 11th March 2016. Specific provisions of the Act went into effect on 12th July and 12th September 2016.

Q.3. What is the Enrolment & Update Regulation under Regulation 28 of the Aadhaar Act 2016?

Under Regulation 28 of the Aadhaar Act 2016, deactivation of an Aadhaar number occurs due to, among other things, bad data requiring an update.

Q.4. Why is the Aadhaar Act 2016 important?

A significant feature of the Aadhaar Act 2016 is that it enables Aadhar cardholders to receive all government subsidies to which they are entitled.