13th Major Port of India

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Mar 3, 2022, 9:27

Ports in coastal regions are an essential mode of transportation because they allow countries to move goods and people from coast to coast. As a result, ports play a crucial role in developing a country.

India is a peninsula with a southern region surrounded on three sides by water. The Bay of Bengal surrounds it on the east, the Arabian Sea on the west, and the Indian Ocean on the south. This type of setting necessitates trade from the coasts. India has 13 ports spread out along these coastlines. This includes Goa, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, and Odisha's coastlines.

Amid the global pandemic, the Union Cabinet gave a green signal to construct India's 13th port. Vadhavan, Maharashtra, will be the site of India's 13th port. The total cost of developing India's 13th port at Vadhavan is estimated to be around 65,544.54 crores.

How will the 13th Port in India be Developed?

The landlord model will be used to develop India's 13th port, Vadhavan. The port authorities lease the infrastructure to private companies under this model. It is a hybrid model of public-private collaboration. The port's operations are also carried out by private companies, with the publicly governed port serving as the regulatory body. In this way, the port is kept in good condition, and private companies install cargo-handling equipment. The landlord or the publicly governed port authority receives a portion of the revenue generated by private companies. The government will own 51 per cent of the project.

What is the location of the 13th port in India?

The 13th port of India is located 190 kilometres north of JNPT (Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust), 160 kilometres west of Nashik, and 180 kilometres south of Surat. This prestigious port development will boost the country's maritime trade. In addition, the strategic location choice will significantly reduce logistics costs.

What is the need to develop the 13th port in India?

The 13th port in India is being built in response to an increase in the demand for container cargo capacity. Cargo ships' storage containers range in length from 20 to 40 feet and width of 8 feet. The current ports in Maharashtra cannot meet the 25 million TEU (twenty-foot equivalent units) capacity requirement expected by 2030.

India does not have a deep seaport with a deep draught. Ports with deep draughts can accommodate large cargo vessels. Large cargo container ships arriving in India currently unload their cargo either in Singapore or in Colombo. India must build its own port with a depth of at least 18 to 20 meters. Vadhavan, the 13th port of India, will have a deep draught of 20 meters.

The majority of India's trade is conducted via maritime routes. In India, there is an ongoing need to develop ports. With an expected increase in cargo traffic, Vadhavan, the 13th port of India, will aid in the smooth operation of maritime trade. India is also attempting to break the record of being the country with the top ten container ports in the world.

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FAQs on13th Major Port of India

Q.1) Which is the 13th port of India?

The 13th port in India is Vadhavan port in Maharashtra.

Q.2) What is the need for the 13th port in India?

There is a projection of increased port traffic in India by 2025. To suffice this need and enhance maritime trade, the 13th port in India is being developed.

Q.3) Which model does the 13th port in India follow for its development?

The development of the 13th port in India follows the “landlord model” with a public-private partnership.