It is a scheme for holistic nutrition and a Flagship Programme under MWCD (Ministry of Women and Child Development), Known as the national nutrition mission or Poshan Abhiyan. The POSHAN Abhiyan was launched to keep hunger and good health in the 2nd and 3rd place out of India's 17 Sustainable Development Goals. Poshan Abhiyan is done through the Technical Support Unit (TSU) established in NITI Aayog. Swachh Bharat Preraks was positioned as a catalyst to accelerate the work of this campaign.
Tag Line: Sahi Poshan, Desh Roshan
Launched by: Prime Minister Narendra Modi
Cabinet Decision: 1st Dec 2017
Commencing Budget: ₹9046.17 Crore approx. (60:40 as Centre: State government)
Launched on: 8th Mar 2018 (International Women's Day)
Starting Location: Jhunjhunu (Rajasthan)
Approach: Life-Cycle Approach
Target audience: Improve nutritional outcomes for Children, Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers.
Target to reduce: Stunting-2%, Under-Nutrition-2%, Anemia-3%, Low birth weight-2% per annum.
NATIONAL FAMILY HEALTH SURVEY:
During the 1st phase of the survey (2019-20), 16 out of 22 states reported low weight and low height and low physical development for children below five. In this survey, the status of child malnutrition in 17 states has been clarified. According to this survey, many states have gone down in the parameters of child malnutrition.
- The National Family Health Survey-4 said that "the target to reduce stunting among children from 38.4% (2016) to 25% by 2022".
- India's rank is 102 in Global Hunger Index 2019.
- Mizoram utilised the maximum share while Punjab utilised the minimum share of this fund till 2019.
- The Average used fund till 2019 is 29.97%
- Maharashtra, U.P., and Bihar received most of the fund.
- Punjab, Karnataka, Kerala, Jharkhand and Assam are the worst performers at 0.45%, 0.74%, 8.75%, 13.94%, and 23.01%.
- Mizoram, Lakshadweep, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, and Meghalaya are the best performers: 65.12%, 61.08%, 55.17%, and 53.29%, 48.37%, respectively.
Mission Poshan 2.0
- Recently the government of India declared that they have a broad vision for Mission Poshan 2.0. In which they are planning to merge supplementary nutritional programme with the poshan Abhiyan.
- Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced the Mission Poshan 2.0 in the Budget presented on 1st Feb 2021, Confirming the new vision to complete the nutrition programme and the Poshan Abhiyan.
- Under Mission 2.0, they targeted to strengthen nutritional intake, delivery, outreach and outcomes and nutritional result.
- Through Mission 2.0, the Government of India emphasises a solid strategy to drive massive improvement in nutritional outcomes.
- Under this, intensive politics adopted for better nutrition result in 112 aspirational districts.
- In the general Budget, out of ₹24,435 crores allocated to the Ministry of Women and Child Development, an amount of 20 thousand 105 crores has been allocated to Saksham Anganwadi and Poshan 2.0.
Sahi Prep Hai Toh Life Set Hai!