Comprehensive News Analysis 28-05-2022

By Subject Expert (BYJU'S IAS)|Updated : May 28th, 2022

Comprehensive News Analysis covers all the important articles and editorials of 'The Hindu' from the UPSC/IAS examination point of view.

G. Tidbits 

1. IISc develops device to improve data security

  • A team of engineers from the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) has developed a True Random Number Generator (TRNG), which can enhance data encryption and provide better security for confidential digital data such as credit card details, passwords and other personal information.
  • The strength of this encryption depends on the quality of random numbers generated as a part of Cryptographic Keys, but these are usually generated by the computers based on mathematical formulae or pre-programmed tables whereas the TRNG produces random numbers from inherently random physical processes, making it more secure.
  • TRNG has an artificial electron trap made by placing atomically-thin layers of materials like black phosphorus and graphene. 
    • The current measured from the device increases and decreases as an electron is trapped and released. As the movement of electrons is random, the measured current also changes randomly. The timing of this change determines the generated random number.
  • Min-entropy is a parameter used to gauge the performance of TRNGs. 
    • Its value ranges from 0 (completely predictable) to 1 (completely random). 
    • This TRNG of IISc has shown a record-high min-entropy of 0.98.

2. I want to see a phone in every hand, drone in every farm: PM

  • The PM said that technology has been used as a “bridge” for reaching government benefits to the poor.
  • The PM also said that it is his dream to see a mobile phone in every hand, a drone on every farm and prosperity in every house.
  • The PM further added that he acknowledges the fact that technology does create disruption, but it unlocks new opportunities as the JAM trinity of Jan Dhan, Aadhaar and mobile had helped the government deliver schemes with complete transparency.

3. AKRUTI to take roots in Kudankulam

  • The Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited has been helping the unemployed youth living near the Tarapur Atomic Power Station through its Advanced Knowledge and Rural Technology Implementation (AKRUTI) programme.
  • The Corporation now plans to introduce a similar programme in the villages near the Kudankulam nuclear plant.
  • The Bhabha Atomic Research Centre is developing new, user-friendly and cost-effective technologies in the fields of nuclear science, radioisotopes, industry, health and agriculture and these technologies are being taught to the unemployed youth to make them entrepreneurs.
  • Example: the AKRUTI programme’s technology transfer of a cost-effective foldable dryer, which can be used for drying fruits, vegetables and fish.

H. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

1. The battles fought by Ambedkar are still far from over. Comment. (250 words; 15 marks) (GS II – Social Justice)

2. Improved awareness about menstrual hygiene would win half the battle for women’s right to live with dignity. In this context, elaborate on the efforts made by the Government of India in this regard.  (250 words; 15 marks) (GS II – Social Justice)

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