Comprehensive News Analysis 20-05-2022

By Subject Expert (BYJU'S IAS)|Updated : May 20th, 2022

Comprehensive News Analysis covers all the important articles and editorials of 'The Hindu' from the UPSC/IAS examination point of view.

Major Concerns:

  • Lack of proper public health infrastructure has been costly for society with the supreme challenge of shortage of trained public health workforce. 
  • There is a huge gap in the management of public health 
  • Lack of proper communication with the patients
  • Negligence at the policymaking level
  • A considerable delay has been observed in the improvement of access to healthcare services and in the betterment of the quality of care. 

Intervening Steps:

  • The proposed public health cadre and the health management cadre have been perceived as potential recommendations of NHP 2017 to address the issues faced in the healthcare sector of the country. 
  • The release of the guidance documents has encouraged and directed the states to formulate the action plan, identify the cadre strengths and fill up the vacancies with a stipulated time frame (6 months to 1 year). 
  • With the regular revision of the Indian Public Health Standards, enormous attention has been offered to the quality of health care services. 
  • India has always experienced a feeble workforce in public health services and in such a scenario, the decision to establish the public health cadre will definitely draw a possibility to strengthen the workforce. 
  • This would also be a welcoming move to increase resilience towards pandemic-like situations in the upcoming days with the support of adequate, skilled and trained public health experts. 
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Image source: nhsrcindia.org

Reforms Ahead:

  • It is necessary that any policy pertaining to public health must emphasise the advancements in the training of the health experts ensuring holistic delivery of preventive, promotive, curative and diagnostic services. 
  • There must be a precise understanding of the roles and functions of public health specialists and the relevance of such cadres at the district and sub-district levels.
  • This approach might prevent confusion at the policymaking level regarding the functions of an epidemiologist and a specialist in public health. 
  • Special training must be provided to the professionals to make an appropriate decision in the line of treatment to tackle particular pathogenesis as witnessed during the COVID-19 infection period. 
  • The revised IPHS (Indian Public Health Standards) is an important development but not an end to all problems. Despite the release of revised editions of IPHS, only a small proportion of government healthcare facilities meet the standards. This needs to be addressed to upgrade the quality standards of public health management. 
  • The revision of IPHS should be independently assessed to determine its effectiveness in improving the quality of health services across the country. 
  • Making a structure both in the Public Health and Specialist Cadre based of IPHS norms in existing facilities is suggested. 
  • As states develop plans for setting up the cadres of public health, all potential challenges in securing a trained workforce should be identified along with active steps. 
  • The standardisation of the quality of public health in the states will be a time-consuming process that demands undisturbed cooperation and coordination between the Centre, states, union territories, administrators, medical practitioners, health experts and other stakeholders of the healthcare sector.
Nut Graf
In order to establish a healthier society, the Indian states are required to act effectively in setting up a public health and management cadre.

2. ‘Made in India’ skin test for TB to be launched

  • India is all set to introduce a newly approved “made in India” TB infection skin test called ‘c-TB’.
  • This is said to be a cost-effective tool and will also be beneficial to other high burden countries as well. 
  • The Health Minister said that “Adopt people with TB” will be launched in 2022.

3. ‘Ready to discuss Turkey’s concerns’

  • The President of Finland said that his country was open to discussing Turkey’s concerns about its application to join the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO).
  • Finland and Sweden formally applied to join the organisation in the wake of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.
  • Turkey had opposed Finland and Sweden’s application to NATO accusing the countries of harbouring terrorists of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK). 
  • The Finnish President said that the country will commit to Turkey’s security, just as Turkey will commit to their security as a part of NATO allies.
  • The Prime Minister of Sweden said that her country was in discussion with all NATO members including Turkey to address and resolve any issues.

H. UPSC Mains Practice Questions 

  1. “Indian federalism is a dialogue between cooperative and un-cooperative federalism where the federal units are at liberty to use different means of persuasion, ranging from collaboration to contestation”. Elaborate. (250 words; 15 marks) (GS II – Polity)
  2. Identify the challenges and opportunities associated with India’s Ethanol Blending Programme. (250 words; 15 marks) (GS III – Environment)

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