Comprehensive News Analysis 03-07-2022

By Kriti Gupta (BYJU'S IAS)|Updated : July 3rd, 2022

Comprehensive News Analysis covers all the important articles and editorials of 'The Hindu' from the UPSC/IAS examination point of view.


1. Is NATO stronger after Ukraine invasion?

Syllabus: Bilateral, Regional and Global Groupings and Agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

Prelims: NATO
Mains: Impact of the Russia-Ukraine war on the influence of NATO


  • Leaders of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), met recently in Madrid, Spain amidst the continuing war in Ukraine. In the meeting, the decision to integrate Sweden and Finland into NATO was taken.

Status of NATO before the Ukraine war:

  • NATO appeared to be weakened during the administration of former U.S. President Donald Trump, who had frequently asked the NATO member states to contribute higher amounts to be able to make use of the U.S.’s protective umbrella. This stance had threatened to strike a body blow to the unity and solidarity among the NATO member countries.
  • Also, the unilateral decision of the U.S. administration to pull its troops out of Afghanistan from a mostly NATO military mission also undermined the collective spirit of NATO.

Status of NATO in the aftermath of the Ukraine war:

  • Russia’s war in Ukraine seems to have strengthened the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
  • The NATO allies have in recent times firmly committed to financing the organisation’s military needs. Their combined defence investments have jumped by substantial amounts, in part driven by Russia’s annexation of Crimea.
  • In the context of the prolonged conflict in Ukraine, NATO has announced that it will increase its forces at “high readiness”. It is projected to increase the forces at high readiness from 40,000 to over 3,00,000 by mid-2023.
  • Finland and Sweden, which have previously maintained a position of neutrality, having had to face strategic insecurity from their neighbours Russia are set to join NATO within a year. This expansion of membership will only further strengthen NATO.

Challenges to the NATO:

  • Despite, some firmness to sanction Russia for its aggression against Ukraine, NATO member states continue to face pressures from rising inflation and high energy and food prices even as they have had to finance weaponry and critical war supplies to Ukraine.
  • The destabilising economic ripple effects of the war in Ukraine would be hard for the member nations of NATO to bear in case of a prolonged war in Ukraine. This could undermine the unity of NATO.

Nut Graf:

Russia’s war in Ukraine seems to have strengthened the North Atlantic Treaty Organization as an organization as it has galvanized its member nations to commit more finances and resources to meet the organisation’s military needs and has also pushed countries like Sweden and Finland to seek membership. However, a prolonged war in Ukraine along with its economic ripple effects might test the resolve and unity of NATO.

F. Prelims Facts

1. Chenkurinji

Syllabus: GS3, Environment, Conservation

Prelims: Chenkurinji and the Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary


  • The Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary derives its name from Gluta travancorica, a species endemic to the Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve which is locally known as ‘Chenkurinji’.
  • Chenkurinji belongs to the Anacardiaceae family.
  • Gluta travancorica was once abundant in the hills on the southern parts of the Aryankavu Pass in Kerala’s Kollam district, but its presence has depleted as it is very susceptible to climate change.
  • The tree was widely seen in places such as Pandimala, Vilakkumaram and Rosemala.
  • The tree is also seen inside the shola forests near Ponmudi, but effective pollination hardly takes place in this shola habitat. 
  • The tree is said to have medicinal properties and is used to treat high blood pressure and arthritis. 
  • The heartwood is sturdy with deep red colour, and trees were felled for wood earlier.

G. Tidbits

1. 2°C temp. rise can damage Earth’s species

  • A recent study by scientists highlights that global emissions are expected to cause the planet to continue heating rapidly over the next few years and the global average temperature would breach the Paris agreement’s target, which aims to restrict the warming to between 1.5°C and 2°C.
  • The study also reveals that a temporary overshoot would cause waves of irreversible extinctions and lasting damage to thousands of species and requires the world to expect to make deep emission cuts.
  • The increase in the global temperatures above 2°C can impact the world’s most important ecosystems which include the tropical forest turning into savanna and the world would lose a critical global carbon sink, leaving the planet more vulnerable.

2. Northeast needs international routes

  • The disruption caused in the surface communication in the major areas of northeastern India on account of floods and landslides has highlighted the need for fast-tracking the railway and road connectivity with India’s “mainland” through Bangladesh.
  • The major parts of northeast are dependent on the Lumding-Badarpur railway line and the two national highways which are prone to be affected due to floods and landslides.
  • This requires the revival of old British-era routes through Mahisasan on the Assam-Bangladesh border 
  • The Chittagong-Badarpur-Haflong railway line is one of the oldest set up by the British to carry goods and traffic.
  • Mahisasan in Barak Valley was also connected to Chittagong via Kulaura.
  • The Maitri Bridge across the Feni River connects Sabroom in Tripura and Ramgarh in Bangladesh and another railway line is being constructed that connects Agartala and Akhaura in Bangladesh.

H. UPSC Mains Practice Questions

  1. Evergreening strategies are regularly employed by giant branded pharmaceutical firms as a tactic to bypass existing patent laws and limit generic competition in the marketplace. In the light of the statement, discuss the key provisions that prevent Ever Greening of Patents in India. (10 Marks, 150 Words) (GS III – Science and Technology)
  2. To tackle the antimicrobial resistance (AMR) crisis, India needs robust investment in the research and development of new antibiotics. Examine. (10 Marks, 150 Words) (GS II – Health)


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