Commonwealth Games 2022 UPSC: Essay, Current Affairs Notes, Medal Tally

By K Balaji|Updated : November 8th, 2022

Athletes from the Commonwealth of Nations compete in an international multisport event known as the Commonwealth Games, also referred to as the Friendly Games. Except for 1942 and 1946, which were postponed owing to World War 2, the tournament has been staged every four years since it debuted in 1930.

Here in this post, we will provide you with all the information regarding Commonwealth Games, which includes Medal Tally, Schedule, Essay, etc. The Commonwealth Games 2022 UPSC notes will aid your exam preparation for the current affairs section.

Table of Content

Commonwealth Games 2022

The Commonwealth Games 2022, also known as the XXII Birmingham 2022 Commonwealth Games, were an international multi-sport competition for participants from the Commonwealth of Nations held in Birmingham, England, from July 28 to August 8, 2022.

Commonwealth Games 2022 Essay PDF

The Commonwealth Games 2022 was the biggest ever hosted, with 72 participating nations and over 1.3 million ticket purchases. The para competition was also conducted simultaneously, making it the first tournament with more female-focused events than male-focused ones. A cultural festival and other trade activities were organized throughout the West Midlands in conjunction with the Games.

History of Commonwealth Games

Astley Cooper pioneered holding many games at a single sporting event in 1881. The Friendly Games are another name for the Commonwealth Games. From 1930 to 1950, the events were known as the British Empire Games, from 1954 to 1966 as the British Empire and Commonwealth Games, and from 1970 to 1974 as the British Commonwealth Games.

After being inspired by the Inter-Empire Championships, a feature of the 1911 Festival of Empire, Melville Marks Robinson founded the British Empire Games, which were first held in Hamilton, Canada, in 1930.

The Paraplegic Games for athletes with disabilities (who were prohibited from competing from 1974 until integrated entirely by 1990) and the Commonwealth Youth Games for participants between the ages of 14 and 18 were added as the Games developed over time. The Commonwealth Games Federation (CGF) oversees the Games, chooses the host cities, and manages the sporting program.

Only six countries, i.e., Australia, Canada, England, New Zealand, Scotland, and Wales, have competed in the Commonwealth Games. Of these six games, Australia, England, Canada, and New Zealand brought home at least one gold medal each.

Commonwealth Games 2022 Current Affairs

Everyone preparing for the current affairs section is urged to be familiar with the most recent Commonwealth Games events. The most current Commonwealth Games updates are as follows:

  • On July 28, 2022, the Commonwealth Games got underway in Birmingham. This year, Neeraj Chopra served as the team's leader.
  • 322 people make up the Indian squad at the event, including three general managers, nine contingent employees, and 72 team officials.
  • The inclusion of women's cricket in the Commonwealth Games this year is one of the most recognizable features of the event.
  • Manpreet Singh served as the team's captain of the hockey team.
  • In an email to a UK MP, India's sports minister Kiren Rijiju requests that shooting be included in the 2022 Commonwealth Games.
  • For India, Mirabai Chanu won the 49 kg women's weightlifting gold medal at the Commonwealth Games 2022.
  • The opening day of the Games saw no medals for India.
  • India won their first medal on day two of the event. Silver was won by Sanket Sargar in the men's 55-Kg weightlifting event, giving India its first medal.
  • In the 61 kg men's weightlifting event, Gururaja Poojary took the bronze medal, while Bindyarani Devi took the silver in the 55 kg women's weightlifting event.
  • India is currently ranked sixth in the Commonwealth Games medal count for 2022. Australia continues to hold the top spot with 52 medals.
  • In the 67 kg, men's weightlifting event won by Jeremy Lalrinnunga and the 73 kg weightlifting event won by Achinta Sheuli, India won two gold medals.
  • In Birmingham, a 215-person Indian team: 111 male and 104 female athletes, competed in 15 different sports.

India’s Participation in Commonwealth Games

The 37-member Indian athlete teams, led by Olympic champion javelin thrower Neeraj Chopra, were confirmed by the Athlete Federation of India for the 2022 Commonwealth Games. Out of the 37 athletes on the Indian team, 18 are female. This also applies to the choice of female competitors for the 4400 m women's relay team, such as Hima Das and Dutee Chand.

Avinash Sable was a part of the team that set a new record in the 3000m steeplechase for the eighth time. It is also anticipated that Jyoti Yarraji, who twice broke the 100-meter hurdles record, will join the team. At the National Interstate Championship in Chennai, athletes other than Aishwarya Babu broke the triple jump record.

Tejaswin Shankar, who won the high jump national championship in 2022 with a best leap of 2.27 meters at the NCAA outdoor track and field championships in the US, was not selected for the Commonwealth Games because he did not participate in the national inter-state competition and did not ask the AFI for an exemption.

Countries where the Commonwealth Games have Held

The countries where the Commonwealth Games were held are listed below:

Year

City

Country

1930

Hamilton

Canada

1934

London

England

1938

Sydney

Australia

1950

Auckland

New Zealand

1954

Vancouver

Canada

1558

Cardiff

Wales

1962

Perth

Australia

1966

Kingston

Jamaica

1970

Edinburgh

Scotland

1974

Christchurch

New Zealand

1978

Edmonton

Canada

1982

Brisbane

Australia

1986

Edinburgh

Scotland

1990

Auckland

New Zealand

1994

Victoria

Canada

1998

Kuala Lumpur

Malaysia

2002

Manchester

England

2006

Melbourne

Australia

2010

Delhi

India

2014

Glasgow

Scotland

2018

Gold Coast

Australia

2022

Birmingham

England

About Commonwealth Games Federation

The Commonwealth Games Federation (CGF), a global organization, is in charge of organizing the Commonwealth Games and Commonwealth Youth Games and is the final arbiter of all questions relating to the competitions. In London, England's Commonwealth House serves as the home of CGF. The Royal Commonwealth Society and the Commonwealth Local Government Forum have offices at the Commonwealth House.

The International Olympic Committee says there are three main parts to the Commonwealth Games Movement:

  1. A sport's international governing body is called the International Federation (IFs). For instance, the sport's worldwide regulating body is the International Basketball Federation (FIBA).
  2. Similar to National Olympic Committees, Commonwealth Games Associations (CGAs) manage and oversee the Games Movement inside their various nations. For instance, England's CGA is the Commonwealth Games England (CGE). 72 CGAs are now recognized by the CGF.
  3. The temporary groups in charge of organizing each Commonwealth Games are known as the Commonwealth Games Organising Groups (OCCWGs). OCCWGs are dissolved following each game once the CGF has received the final report.

Medals won by India in Commonwealth Games 2022

India has won a gold medal to start the closing day of the 2022 Commonwealth Games. Men's singles table tennis saw Achanta Sharat Kamal win the gold medal while Sathiyan took the bronze. Chirag Shetty and Satwik Sairaj Rankireddy won the gold medal in men's doubles badminton.

PV Sindhu of India won the gold medal in the women's singles badminton tournament. Lakshya Sen also captured the gold medal by outlasting Malaysian Ng Tze Yong. Let's take a look at how many medals India won at the 2022 Commonwealth Games:

Medal

Number of Medals

Gold Medal

22

Silver Medal

16

Bronze Medal

23

Total

61

Sports Wise Commonwealth Games Medal Tally 2022

The Commonwealth Games Medal Tally of CWG 2022 is discussed here. Wrestling, cricket, boxing, hockey, squash, judo, javelin throw, weightlifting, athletics, badminton, table tennis, long jump, high jump, and lawn bowls are among the sports in which India has won 61 medals. Let's look at India's medal tally for the Commonwealth Games 2022.

Commonwealth Games 2022 Medal Tally

Sports

Athlete/Team

Events

Medal

Table Tennis

Sharath Kamal

Men's Single

Gold

Table Tennis

Sathiyan Gnanasekaran

Men's Single

Bronze

Table Tennis

Achanta & Sreeja Akula

Mixed Doubles

Gold

Table Tennis

Sharath Kamal and Sathiyan Gnanasekaran

Men's Doubles

Silver

Badminton

Lakshya Sen

Men Single

Gold

Badminton

PV Sindhu

Women Single

Gold

Badminton

Kidambi Srikanth

Men Single

Bronze

Cricket

Indian Women Cricket Team

Women

Silver

Squash

Dipika Pallikal & Saurav Ghosal

Mixed Doubles

Silver

Boxing

Sagar Ahlawat

Men's 92 KG

Silver

Boxing

Amit Panghal

Men’s 48kg - 51kg (Flyweight)

Gold

Boxing

Nitu Ghanghas

Women's 48kg

Gold

Boxing

Mohammed Hussamuddin

Men's 57kg

Bronze

Boxing

Nikhat Zareen

Women's 50kg

Gold

Athletics

Eldhose Paul

Men's triple jump

Gold

Athletics

Abdulla Aboobacker

Men's triple jump

Silver

Athletics

Sandeep Kumar

Men's 10 Race Walk

Bronze

Athletics

Annu Rani

Javelin Throw

Bronze

Hockey

Indian Hockey Team

Women's Hockey

Bronze

Wrestling

Deepak Nehra

Women's 97kg

Bronze

Wrestling

Pooja Sihag

Women's 74kg

Bronze

Para Table Tennis

Bhavina Patel

Women's Table Tennis

Gold

Para Table Tennis

Sonalben Manubhai Patel

Women's Table Tennis

Bronze

Wrestling

Naveen Malik

Men's 74kg

Gold

Wrestling

Vinesh Phogat

Women's 53kg

Gold

Wrestling

Ravi Dahiya

Men's 57kg

Gold

Wrestling

Pooja Gahlot

Women's 50kg

Bronze

Boxing

Jasmine Lamboria

Women's 60kg

Bronze

Lawn Bowls

Sunil Bahadur, Navneet Singh, Chandan Kumar Singh, Dinesh Kumar

Men's Four

Silver

Athletics

Avinash Mukund Sable

Men's 3000m steeplechase

Silver

Athletics

Murali Sreeshankar

Men's long jump

Silver

Athletics

Priyanka Goswami

Women's 10,000m race walk

Silver

Squash

Saurav Ghosal

Men's singles

Bronze

Wrestling

Mohit Grewal

Men’s 125kg freestyle

Bronze

Wrestling

Divya Kakran

Women's 68kg freestyle

Bronze

Wrestling

Sakshi Malik

Women's 62kg

Gold

Wrestling

Deepak Punia

Men's 86kg

Gold

Wrestling

Bajrang Punia

Men's 65kg

Gold

Wrestling

Anshu Malik

Women's 57kg

Silver

Para Powerlifting

Sudhir

-

Gold

Weightlifting

Gurdeep Singh

Men's +109kg

Bronze

Athletics

Tejaswin Shankar

Men's high jump

Bronze

Weightlifting

Jeremy Lalrinnunga

Men's 67kg

Gold

Weightlifting

Achinta Sheuli

Men’s 73kg

Gold

Weightlifting

Lovepreet Singh

Men's 109kg

Bronze

Weightlifting

Vikas Thakur

Men's 96 kg

Silver

Weightlifting

Gururaja Poojary

Men's 61kg

Bronze

Weightlifting

Mirabai Chanbu

Women's 49kg

Gold

Weightlifting

Harjinder Kaur

Women's 71kg

Bronze

Weightlifting

Bindyarani Devi

Women's 55kg

Silver

Weightlifting

Sanket Sargar

Men's 55kg

Silver

Badminton

Mixed Badminton Team

Mixed Badminton

Silver

Table Tennis

Indian Table Tennis Team

Men's table tennis

Gold

Lawn Bowls

Fours team:

Lovely Choubey, Pinki, Natanmoni Saikia, Rupa Rani Tirkey

Women's Fours

Gold

Judo

Sushila Devi Likmabam

Women's 48kg

Silver

Judo

Tulika Maan

Women's +78kg

Silver

Judo

Vijay Kumar Yadav

Men's 60kg

Bronze

Country Wise Commonwealth Games 2022 Medal Tally

England hosted the Commonwealth Games for the third time with Birmingham as the host. The country-wise medal tally for the Birmingham 2022 Commonwealth Games is as follows:

Rank

Country

Bronze

Silver

Gold

Total

1

Australia

54

57

67

178

2

England

53

66

57

176

3

Canada

34

32

26

92

4

India

23

16

22

61

5

New Zealand

17

12

20

49

6

Scotland

27

11

13

51

7

Nigeria

14

9

12

35

8

Wales

14

6

8

28

9

South Africa

11

9

7

27

10

Malaysia

8

8

7

23

11 to 43

Others

60

56

41

157

Total

315

282

280

877

Commonwealth Games: Queen’s Baton Relay

Before the Commonwealth Games begin, a global relay known as the Queen's Baton Relay is held. London's Buckingham Palace hosts the Relay's start as part of the city's Commonwealth Day festivities. The Queen gives the lead relay runner the baton.

  • At the Games' Opening Ceremony, the Queen or her representative receives the baton from the final relay runner and reads the letter aloud to signal the start of the competition. The Queen's Baton Relay is comparable to the Olympic Torch Relay.
  • At the 1958 British Empire and Commonwealth Games in Cardiff, Wales, the Relay was first performed. The Relay only traveled around England and the host nation before and during the 1994 Games.
  • The Commonwealth Games Relay in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, in 1998 was the first to visit other Commonwealth nations.
  • Coastal Sunshine The 2018 Commonwealth Games Queen's Baton Relay was the longest in the competition's history. The Baton covered 230,000 kilometers (150,000 miles) in 388 days as it crossed the six Commonwealth continents of Africa, the Americas, the Caribbean, Europe, Asia, and Oceania.
  • In 2017, at the sixth installment of the Commonwealth Youth Games in Nassau, Bahamas, the Queen's Baton was given out for the first time.

Commonwealth Games Ceremonies

The ceremonies in the Commonwealth Games are as follows:

  • Opening Ceremony: Several elements surround the opening ceremony of the Commonwealth Games. This ceremony is performed before the activities. The national anthem of the host nation is frequently sung before raising the flag for the occasion. The flags of the current hosting country, the following hosting country, and the Commonwealth Games Federation banner are all flown during the opening ceremony.

The host nation then performs a musical, singing, dancing, and dramatic acts pertinent to its culture. The creative performances have increased in size and sophistication as each host tries to deliver a more memorable ceremony than its predecessor. The Delhi Games' opening ceremony reportedly cost $70 million, with a large portion going on artistic components.

  • Closing Ceremony: The Commonwealth Games closing ceremony follows the conclusion of all sporting competitions. Athletes enter the stadium without regard to nationality after flag bearers from each participating country. Following the closing comments by the CGF and organizing committee presidents, the Games are officially adjourned.

The CGF President also covers the game's administration. The Commonwealth Games flag is given by the mayor of the city that held the Games to the CGF president, who then passes it on to the mayor of the town that will host the following Commonwealth Games. The next host nation then briefly introduces itself through artistic performances of its theatre and dance.

  • Medal Presentation: A medal ceremony is conducted once each event has finished. A three-tiered podium presents medals to the top-finishing individuals or teams. The national flags of the three medalists are raised as the national song of the nation with the gold medal plays after a CGF member presents the medals.

During the award ceremonies, volunteers from the host nation act as hosts by supporting the presenters of the medals and carrying the flag.

Commonwealth Games 2022 UPSC

Given that it has recently been in the headlines, there is a high probability that a UPSC current affairs question will be about the "Commonwealth Games 2022." To make preparing for the exam easier, our subject matter expert has compiled the most useful notes on this topic. Candidates are encouraged to read the entire post and download the Commonwealth Games UPSC notes PDF for their quick revision as the UPSC exam approaches nearer.

Important Notes for UPSC
EcotoneIndian National Movement
Functions of ParliamentPlanning Commission Of India
First Round Table ConferenceProportional Representation
VolcanoConstitutional, Non-Constitutional, Statutory, and Quasi-Judicial Bodies in India
Census 2011National Highways in India

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FAQs on Commonwealth Games

  • Athletes from the Commonwealth of Nations compete in an international multisport event known as the Commonwealth Games, commonly referred to as the Friendly Games, every four years. The Commonwealth Games Federation (CGF) is in charge of organizing the event, selecting the host cities, and organizing the sporting schedule.

  • In contrast to the Commonwealth Games, which are only open to former British Empire dominions, the Olympics are available to all nations.

  • With 72 participating nations and over 1.3 million ticket purchases, the Commonwealth Games 2022 was the biggest ever hosted. The para competition was also conducted simultaneously, making it the first tournament with more female-focused events than male-focused ones.

  • According to the Birmingham Mail, one of the causes is war. Although they were initially a British colony, they are not a part of the Commonwealth Games, unlike most others. Contrary to its neighbor Canada, a Commonwealth Games powerhouse, the US does not participate, frequently raising some interesting questions.

  • With the backing of more than 80 Commonwealth organizations, member nations of the Commonwealth gain from belonging to a community of independent, sovereign states that supports one another. The Commonwealth Secretariat, founded in 1965, assists member nations of the Commonwealth in achieving development, democracy, and peace.

  • The XXII Commonwealth Games sometimes referred to as the Birmingham 2022 Commonwealth Games, were a multi-sport international competition for competitors from the Commonwealth of Nations that took place in Birmingham, England, from July 28 through August 8, 2022.

  • India has won 61 medals in Birmingham Commonwealth Games 2022 across various sports, including wrestling, cricket, boxing, hockey, squash, judo, javelin throw, weightlifting, athletics, badminton, table tennis, long jump, high jump, and lawn bowls.

  • This post includes a direct link to download the Commonwealth Games 2022 UPSC notes PDF. Candidates are advised to download and save it for a quick revision of the Commonwealth Games for their exam preparation.

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