Causes of Cold War- Meaning, Events, Cold War UPSC Notes

By K Balaji|Updated : November 24th, 2022

The causes of cold war are marked by the difference in the opinion, of communism. The appearance of the United States and USSR as superpowers and the difference in their political ideology made up the major causes of cold war. The era was marked by the conclusion of the Cold War and the emergence of a multipolar world dominated by unipolar powers. Cold War is the period from the mid-1940s to the early 1990s characterized by a relative easing of tensions between the Soviet Union and the United States.

The article facilitates complete and whole knowledge centering on the causes of cold war and other details. The Truman Doctrine assisted her during the cold war. The Soviet Union was weakened which led to a series of revolutions. Walk through the article to collect information regarding the causes of cold war. Download the UPSC notes to be able to prepare comprehensively for the upcoming exams.

Table of Content

What is the Cold War?

The Cold War was a period during which the United States and the Soviet Union were locked in a global power struggle for dominance. During this time, the two countries avoided direct military conflict with one another, but they engaged in indirect fights through economic, political and propaganda means.

  • This "war" was "cold" because neither side's military actually came into direct conflict with each other both wanted to avoid a mutually assured destruction situation where there would be no winners.
  • Historians cannot confirm the dates of the cold war. The time period ought to be between 1947, and the year of the Truman Doctrine.
  • This doctrine is the foreign policy of the United States that aims to assist the nations that were intimidated by the expansionism of Soviets.
  • The Truman Doctrine was announced in 1991, the year that marks the collapse of the Soviet Union.

Causes of Cold War

When the Soviet Union was suffering, the United States surged the military, economic, and diplomatic pressures on the Soviet Union. During the 1980s, Mikhail Gorbachev instituted liberalizing reforms pertaining to reconstruction, reorganization [perestroika], and glasnost [openness] in order to put an end to the economic recession. It also aimed to democratize Soviet society. Check out the causes of the cold war in detail.

  • After world war 2 the United States made an appearance as a superpower. The second most possession of power was held by USSR. It has played an instrumental role in combating Germany in war.
  • Communist Governments were there in majority of the countries in Eastern Europe. They favored the communist government.
  • The world was stratified into two parts such as one in favor of the communist powers and the other that opposed the communist powers.
  • The USA started weighing all the developments and viewed them through the lens of favor or opposition to communism.
  • The political space was opened that witnessed National Movements in Eastern Europe, that in turn surged pressure in USSR.
  • The weakening of Soviet control over Eastern Europe in 1989 led to a cascade of revolutions that peacefully ended communist rule in Central and Eastern Europe. In 1991, Gorbachev resigned as General Secretary of the Communist Party.

Cold War UPSC Notes

Cold war is an essential segment of the UPSC syllabus. It holds enormous importance for the cold war and other related pertinents. The candidates can solve the previous year papers in order to get an idea of the questions asked in the exam

Cold war UPSC PDF

The candidates need to come up with an exceptional strategy for the UPSC exam. They can bring forth methodical strategies for the exam. The causes of cold war and the aftermath of the war are the pivotal segments of the syllabus.

Which turn of events did the Cold War lead to?

After world war II marked a division between the two superpowers, the Soviet Union at one side [its satellites] and the USA [NATO allies] on the other side.

  • This created what US President Harry Truman called a "polarization" of power, as each side sought to promote its political ideology. This helped to fuel proxy wars, such as the
  1. Korean War (1950–1953)
  2. Vietnam War (1955–1975)
  3. Soviet war in Afghanistan (1979–1989)
  4. Angolan Civil War (1975–2002).
  • In his first major speech on foreign policy, delivered in April 1947 at Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri, Harry Truman announced that the US will be facilitating political, military, and economic assistance to all the democratic nations from the autocratic and tyrannical forces.
  • This doctrine, known as the Truman Doctrine, was designed to contain Soviet expansion by offering assistance to countries struggling against communist subversion or invasion.
  • The tension between the United States and the USSR during the Cold War never seemed more significant, and those with the political power to do something about it were not sure if their efforts would be enough.
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FAQs on Cold War

  • While the suffrage of the Soviet Union, the United States increased the military, diplomatic and economic pressures on the Soviet Union. After, World WarII, the United States made an appearance as a superpower. The next superpower was USSR. The world was stratified into two parts, those in favor of the Communist government and the other ones against Communism. The Soviet Union was weakened which led to a series of revolutions.

  • During the Cold War, The Truman Doctrine was intended to assist Greece and Turkey economically and militarily. It also helped create the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), a mutual defence pact among Western nations that would become a cornerstone of US foreign policy for the next half-century.

  • After the Cold War, In March 1947, George Marshall, who had served as secretary of state under President Franklin D. Roosevelt and became secretary of state again under President Truman, announced a new aid program for Europe that would later become known as the Marshall Plan. The plan's goal was to stabilize Europe politically by halting the spread of communism and rebuilding European economies devastated by World War II.

  • The term cold war is named as there was an absence of massive fighting between the two sides. There was a surge in the support of major regional conflicts known to be proxy wars. The war between the Soviet Union and the United States in favor and opposition of communism forms to be the major cause of the cold War.

  • US and USSR were the two superpowers left after the Cold War. The United States made an appearance as a superpower possessing strong military and economic forces. The second possession of the power was held by USSR. It played an integral role in combating Germany.

  • The events that led to the division of the two superpowers, the Soviet Union and the USSR. There was segregation of power, to uplift the political ideology. Truman declared that furnishing political, military, and economic assistance to all the democratic nations, from tyrannical forces.

  • The candidates can prepare well for the “cold war” topic for UPSC exam. The candidates can get comprehensive knowledge of the topic by downloading the cold war UPSC notes. The inherent knowledge of all the essential topics will lead the candidates in accomplishing the requisite marks.

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