Intelligence Theories, Study Notes, Material - CTET (Paper 1 & 2)

By Neha Joshi|Updated : August 20th, 2021

In this article, we are discussing short notes on Intelligence and its theories. The topic is relevant for Child Development for CTET Exams.

While preparing this topic, you have to pay special focus on the area like theories of intelligence. In the theory of intelligence, do learn, what the thinkers have referred to. Let us know some facts to understand this topic.

Human intelligence varies, the intelligence matters, because smarter people generally earn more money, enjoy better health, and live longer as well. But where does it comes from? And how it is built? Intelligence is the ability to understand the world, think with rationality, and use resources effectively to deal with the challenges of life.

Intelligence and its Theories:-

Intelligence is the ability to learn about, learn from, understand and interact with one’s environment. It includes various specific abilities such as-

  • Adaptability to a new environment.
  • Capacity for reason and abstract thought.
  • Ability to comprehends relationships.
  • Capacity for original and productive thought.
  • Ability to evaluate and judge.

The environment in this has a wider meaning including a person’s surroundings may be his workplace, family, or classroom. While intelligence is one of the most talked-about subjects within psychology, there is no standard definition that could define it.

Some of the major theories of intelligence are as follows-

1. Charles Spearman-General Intelligence(g factor)

He concluded that intelligence is the general cognitive ability that could be measured and numerically expressed.

2. Louis L. Thurstone- Primary Mental Abilities(7)

He focused on seven different abilities-

  • Verbal comprehension
  • Reasoning
  • Perceptual speed
  • Numerical ability
  • Word fluency
  • Associative memory
  • Spatial visualization

3. Howard Gardener-Multiple Intelligences (8)

He proposed eight theories in his book ‘Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligence’.He laid emphasis on both biological as well as cultural aspects in the development of intelligence.

Using Multiple Intelligences in the Classrooms:

The theory states that all these are needed to productively function in society and teachers should structure the presentation of material in such a style that could engage most or all of the intelligence. For eg. the teacher can suggest that an especially musically intelligent child can learn about the revolutionary war by making up a song describing the event.

Toward a More Authentic Assessment:

Teachers must seek to assess their students’ learning in ways that will give an accurate overview of their strengths and weaknesses. So, it is important for a teacher to create an ‘intelligence profile’ for each student which would allow the teacher to properly assess the child’s progress.

This article tends to be beneficial for the following exams - REETUPTETCTETSuper TETDSSSBKVS, etc.
 
You may refer to the following books:
 
Serial No.Book NameAuthor Name
1.CTET and TETs Child Development and Pedagogy Paper 1 and 2 Arihant Experts
2.CTET Child Development and Pedagogy for Paper 1 and Paper 2 By Pearson (Sandeep Kumar)
3.Educating Exceptional Children: An Introduction to Special Education Mangal S.K

Note: All the study notes are available in Hindi as well as the English language. Click on A/अ to change the language.

Thanks!

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 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

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Lavli Rajput
Please send in hindi
Priti

PritiMar 1, 2022

Hindi me pdne h plz btao kaise pde
Priti

PritiMar 1, 2022

Please send notes Hindi
Akki

AkkiMar 1, 2022

Hindi me convert  ho  rha h sir  plz help me
Akki

AkkiMar 1, 2022

*Hindi  me convert  nhi  ho  rha hai
Anjali Sahani
Hindi me rahta to thik rahata sir please qki English mera week h,,,,
Kaushalya Bhoye
Hindi me notes convert kre
Nupur Deshwal
Hindi m kr do sir plzz
Gudiya

GudiyaMay 9, 2022

CTET ka class kab se starting hota please mujhe bhi bata dijiyega aap

FAQs

  • Intelligence is the ability to learn about, learn from, understand and interact with one’s environment. It includes various specific abilities such as-

    • Adaptability to a new environment.
    • Capacity for reason and abstract thought.
    • Ability to comprehends relationships.
    • Capacity for original and productive thought.
    • Ability to evaluate and judge.


  • Louis L. Thurstone- Primary Mental Abilities(7)

    He focused on seven different abilities-

    • Verbal comprehension
    • Reasoning
    • Perceptual speed
    • Numerical ability
    • Word fluency
    • Associative memory
    • Spatial visualization


  • Howard Gardener-Multiple Intelligences (8)

    He proposed eight theories in his book ‘Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligence’.He laid emphasis on both biological as well as cultural aspects in the development of intelligence.

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