Origin of Chera Dynasty
The Cheras ruled Parts of Kerala and Tamilnadu, and their kingdom included Cochin and parts of Malabar and Travancore.
- Present-day Kerala, Salem, and Dharmapuri were parts of the Chera Dynasty - Chera Kingdom.
- Their first capital city was Vanchi, and the later rulers moved their capital to Kulasekharapuram.
- The Cheras constantly warred with the Pandyas and Cholas.
These three kingdoms formed the prominent ruling dynasties of the Iron Age. With the wedding of the Chera king Netum Ceralatan with the Chola princess Illanko Venmal, Thiruvvur and Nagapatman came under their reign.
- Most of the population of the Chera Dynasty was agrarian.
- There is evidence of flourishing trade between the Romans, Greeks, and the Cheras for locally grown spices.
The Chera Dynasty - Important Facts
Sangam texts tell us that two lines of rulers ruled the Chera Dynasty - Chera Kingdom. The founder of the first line of rulers was Uthiyan Cheral Athan, and Irumporai founded the second line of rulers.
- The Chera Dynasty and its kings belong to one of the two clans, Irumporai and the Vanavaraman.
- The Cheras ruled the central and northern parts of Kerala and the Kongu region of Tamil Nadu.
- Vanji was Chera Dynasty - Chera Kingdom capital, and the ports of the west coast, Musiri, and Tondi were under their control.
- 'Bow and arrow' was the Chera Dynasty symbol.
- The Chera kings were also referred to as "Keralaputas" (sons of Kerala).
- Inscriptions from the Chera Dynasty - Chera Kingdom period show intermarriages between these two clans.
- The Vedic influence started from Brahmanism, and Cheras preceded that period.
- For this reason, the Cheras did not follow any specific religion.
- However, we know that they worshipped their ancestors.
- The Chera country got geographically well recognized to profit from sea trade through the vast Indian Ocean networks.
- Trade of timber, Indian spices, pearls, and gems was regular.
List of Chera Dynasty Kings' Names
The first known Chera king is mentioned in the Sangam texts. His name was Uthiyan Cheralathan, and he is widely considered the founder of the Chera Dynasty. Below is the Chera Dynasty kings list.
Chera Dynasty Kings
He was the first recorded Chera ruler in ancient South India of the Sangam period.
He took the title of Adhiraja.
He was popularly known as Senguttavan, Kadalpirakoottiya Vel Kelu Kuttuvan,and Chenkuttuvan.
He was one of the fearsome kings of the Chera Dynasty period in Tamilakam during the Sangam period.
He is considered the author of Sanskrit lyrics Perumal, Mukundamala, and Tirumozhi, which are a portion of Nalayira Divya Prabandham.
He is the first known ruler of the Chera of Cranganore.
Sthanu Ravi Varma
He was a popular astronomer, the author of Sankara Narayaniyam, and was a member of the royal palace of Sthanu Ravi at Mahodayapuram.
Rama Varma Kulashekhara
He was the last ruler of the Later Chera dynasty (Kulasekharas of Mahodayapuram), and his reign was known for severe political crisis and instability.
Other Chera Dynasty kings names whose contribution is not known are:
Chera Dynasty Kings List
Selva Kadumko Valiathan
Illam Cheral Irumporai
Rama Varma Kulashekhara
Goda Ravi Varma
Indu Kotha Varma
Bhaskara Ravi Varma I
Bhaskara Ravi Varma II
Bhaskara Ravi Varma III
Ravi Rama Varma
- The most famous Chera rulers were Nedunjeral Adan, Senguttuvan, and Kudakko Ilanjeral Irumporai.
- Uthiyan Cheralathan or Perum Chorru Udiyan Cheralathan is the first documented Chera king of the Sangam era.
- He is known to have ruled during the 2nd Century AD.
- According to the lore, he was responsible for feeding the Pandava and Kaurava armies during the battle of Mahabharata.
- It may be a symbol to depict the prosperity of his kingdom during his rule of the Chera Dynasty - Chera Kingdom.
- Uthiyan Cheralathan ruled with Kuzhumur as his capital city and was a contemporary of the Chola ruler Karikala Chola.
Important UPSC Topics
The Dynamics Between the Chera Dynasty Period, Cholas, and Pandyas
The dynamics of the Chera, Chola, and Pandya dynasties are an essential part of south Indian history. For a while, the Cheras and Cholas had friendly relations.
- They were marriages between dynasties and regions given to each other as dowries.
- The Cheras, Pandyas, and the Cholas were constantly warring for dominance in South India.
- Later, the Cheras and Pandyas united to fight against Cholas.
- The Chera king to rule was Rama Varma Kulakshekhra.
- After he died in 1102 A.D., it was observed as the Decline of the Chera Dynasty - Chera Kingdom.