Learning may be defined as a relatively permanent change in behaviour or behavioural pattern produced by experience. Some changes occur due to the use of drugs or failure. Such changes are temporary. They are not considered learning. Changes due to practice and experience, which are relatively permanent, are an example of learning.
A Strategy may be defined as a plan or course of action, which is of vital, pervasive, or continuing importance to a school and society.
This is the utmost responsibility of the teacher, parents, and guardians to work closely in designing the strategies of learning for children. Strategies are considered to be the bread and butter of the whole system of education. If strategies are designed properly keeping in view the resources available- teacher capabilities, teacher intellectualities, children intelligence, child curiosity, culture recognition, and parents interaction. Time and Money plays a major role in designing strategies for children as strategies are designed by a panel of experts, School Principal, Educationists, or Subject Expert Teachers.
Characteristics of Children's Strategies of Learning
1. Children's strategies of learning help in taking a course of action leading to a particular direction related to child development and growth.
2. Children's strategies of learning help in achieving the objective of the school to render the best education to children during their growth period.
3. Children's strategies of learning help in dealing with uncertainties faced by the teacher during the time of teaching children.
4. Children strategies of learning help in ensuring the availability of resources for the future to implement a plan.
5. Children's strategies of learning help in coordinating with different activities to achieve the desired goal to develop the child physically and mentally.
6. Children's strategies of learning facilitate co-curricular activities and enhance the chances of growth and development of the child.
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Steps in Designing Children's Strategies of Learning
(d) Verbal practice
(e) Controlled practice
(f) Grade-appropriate practice
1. Identification of the core competencies of the child to develop a strategy according to the understanding level of the child. For example:- strategies for nursery and primary kids will be different as nowadays for primary classes no bag rule is to follow.
2. Identification of the current strategy - basically to understand the current strategy being used to make the child learn different concepts and by keeping a tap on it developing new strategies.
3. Identification of previous assumptions
4. Formulation of the mission - if the mission of the school is clear then the school will be able to nurture excellence in education.
5. SWOT Analysis- the school must completely analyze the strength, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats to provide the best and healthy environment of education to children and cultivates healthy relationships and moral and ethical values.
Types of Children's Strategies of Learning
1. No School Bag- As in the initial years of schooling children feel hesitant to go to school because of the new environment and because of heavy bags. Nowadays many schools adopted the policy of no school bags. A child does not have to bring school bags, school itself provides books, notebooks, and other basic amenities required to carry out during school time. This is done to attract kids to school regularly and develop learning regularity among kids.
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2. No Lunch Box- Many schools adopted the policy of providing fruits and lunch to students according to the chart being prepared by the doctors according to the nutrients, vitamins, minerals, fats, and carbohydrates required. This is done to cultivate the learning to develop good habits of eating food and kids when eat together develops feeling and learning of sharing and caring also.
3. Organising competition of reading and writing- this strategy of learning is helpful for 3rd grade to 5th-grade students because it proper develops the reading and writing skills. This helps in developing the learning of reading and writing. For example:- Calligraphy and Cursive Writing and then awarding the best presentee.
4. Organising play competition- this strategy of learning is part of a co-curricular activity when the child gets exposure to know about the outside world. For example:- organizing play competitions on current trends e.g.:- Election Poll, Independence Day Celebration and Republic Day Celebration to develop the learning of the outer world.
5. Planning a visit to historical places like India Gate and Red Fort, even visit Parliament to make students understand the functioning of the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha, and even visit the President's house.
6. Daily sharing of news by the teacher to develop a habit of listening to news and reading newspapers from a small age only.
7. Organising small trips or picnics to religious places, museums, and parks i.e. Akshardham Temple, Children's Park, Nehru Planetarium, Jantar Mantar, etc.
So all these strategies help a lot to both teachers and students to learn more and more and gain more knowledge about a particular topic.
|Serial No.||Book Name||Author Name|
|1.||CTET and TETs Child Development and Pedagogy Paper 1 and 2||Arihant Experts|
|2.||CTET Child Development and Pedagogy for Paper 1 and Paper 2||By Pearson (Sandeep Kumar)|
|3.||Educating Exceptional Children: An Introduction to Special Education||Mangal S.K|
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