CAT Verbal Ability | Study Material from a Senior T.I.M.E. Faculty | Figures of Speech 1

By N Shiva Guru|Updated : February 20th, 2017

CAT Students preparing for CAT 2017 look for grammar material that would aid in their preparation to all the other competitive exams like XAT, SNAP and NMAT. Keeping this in mind, let us look at today's session on Figures of Speech. 

We started this routine on Saturday (11/02/2017) and here we are on the second post in the series. Once again, a heartfelt gratitude to Ms.Kamala, a Senior T.I.M.E. Faculty. This material is an original contribution of Ms. Kamala ma'am.


Figures of Speech

A fugitive of speech is figurative language in the form of a single word or a phrase. It is characterized by a special arrangement of words. It can be a simile or a metaphor. They are stylistic writing devices used to give an auxillary meaning or sense to the writing, 

1. Alliteration

  • Has words that begin with the same sound. 
  • 'She sells sea shells on the sea shore'.
  • Used to make something catchy especially in advertisements to make people remember. 

2. Anaphores

  • Uses a specific clause at the beginning of each sentence to make a statement
  • Used to create an emotional effect on the listener:
  • 'Mad world! Mad kings! Mad composition!' from King John by William Shakespeare

3. Assonance

Focuses on a vowel sounds in a phrase repeating them to great effect.

'I like Ike'. Dwight Eisenhower's Presidential campaign slogan in 1952. 

4. Hyperbole

Exaggeration by using grandiose depiction of everyday things. 

Adds humour to the situation 

'I'm so hungry i could eat a horse'.

5. Irony

A word used in the external sense that debunks what has just been said. 

'Sarah Palin is clearly the smartest person alive'.

6. Metaphor

Compares two things that are not alike and finds something common or alike about them. 

Used to create a profound effect by comparing two things that seem not to have anything common at all. 

'His mind is a lion that preys on the abusive.', 'He has a heart of gold'

7. Simile

Compares two things that are not really the same but make a point about each other. 

'Life is like a box of chocolates. You never know what you are going to get.'

Differs from metaphors by the usage of like and as. 

(Part 2 continues tomorrow)





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Vinod Rikhi

Vinod RikhiFeb 20, 2017

Thank u @N Shiva Guru  and maam
Vinod Rikhi

Vinod RikhiFeb 20, 2017

Really helpful l..lookong forward for tmrrws post
Sky Dhillon

Sky DhillonFeb 20, 2017

Sky Dhillon

Sky DhillonFeb 23, 2017

Waitiiiing for nexxxt....
Arun Kumar

Arun KumarNov 2, 2018

Thanks a lot Mr.Shiva

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