Career Growth and Prospects of an IAS
IAS officers are recruited, and trained by the Central government, but they work under both the Union government as well as the individual states' government. He may also be deputed to the various International intergovernmental organization and public sector undertakings.
About Indian Administrative Service (IAS)
- IAS is the permanent bureaucracy of the nation unlike or political executive. It is also called the executive organ of the state. Bureaucracy must remain impartial and politically neutral to maintain the office of trust. It guarantees administrative continuity of the schemes and programs.
- Civil servants are appointed to any public service or post in connection with the affairs of the Central Government or the welfares of the people.
What is the recruitment process?
- The IAS officers are selected after appearing through the three stages of Prelim, Main and Interview under the UPSC Civil Services Examination. Some IAS officers are also promoted from the state civil services. They had qualified state civil service exam conducted by state public service commission. In rare cases, IAS officers are selected from non-state civil service.
Note: As per the DoPT guidelines, the ratio between direct recruits and promotees to 2:1.
- The President of India appoints all IAS officers. A success rate of becoming an IAS is less than 0.01 per cent. That's why the members of the AIS service are often referred to as "heaven-born". If a candidate is selected as an IAS officer, then he is ineligible to retake CSE.
- After the selection process for foundation and advance course, selected candidates undergo training at the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA) in Mussoorie, Uttarakhand.
Role and Responsibilities of an IAS officer
- Prominently and IAS officer responsible to handle the revenue.
- He/she also functions as court officials in matters of revenue and crime.
- He/she has to maintain law and order in the state. He also has to implement and monitor welfare schemes and policies at the grass-roots level when posted to field positions.
- He/she acts as an intermediary between the public and the government.
- He/she has to handle the administration and daily proceedings of the government. It includes the formulation, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of policy in consultation with the minister-in-charge of a specific ministry or department.
- To contribute to policy formulation
- He/she has to come out with a final decision in some issues, with the agreement of the minister concerned or the council of ministers depending upon the weight of the matter. This power comes when he is posted at the higher level in the Government of India as a joint secretary, special secretary, additional secretary or secretary equivalent and Cabinet Secretary, and in state governments as secretary, additional chief secretary principal secretary, special chief secretary and chief secretary.
Cadre Allocation Policy
- A new cadre allocation policy for the All India Services was announced by the central government in August 2017 to ensure national integration of the bureaucracy and an All India character of the services.
- The existing twenty-six state cadres were to be divided into five zones from zone I to zone II by the Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT).
- Under it, a candidate who had to qualify for the Mains Examination first selects their zones of preference in descending order. Then he tells the state preference from each preferred zone by giving the number. After this, he will indicate his second state cadre preference for every preferred zone subsequently. This exercise goes on until the last column gets fills up. After giving their preference, no further change is permitted.
- Once they are allocated cadre, then they must remain in their allocated cadre or are deputed to the Government of India.
- The "insider-outsider ratio" was maintained at 1:2.
Zones under the current cadre allocation policy:
Punjab, Rajasthan, and Haryana, AGMUT (Arunachal Pradesh-Goa-Mizoram and Union Territories), Ladakh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand.
Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, and Odisha
Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, and Chhattisgarh
West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam-Meghalaya, Manipur, Tripura and Nagaland
Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala
What is the career path of an IAS officer?
- At the beginning of their career, IAS officers receive district training with their home cadres. After completing district training, they were allocated their first posting.
- Their starting role begins as a sub-divisional magistrate (SDM). Thus, they are placed in charge of a district sub-division. As SDMs, they are given the responsibility to maintain law and order and to do general administration and development work, of the sub-division.
- After the completion of the training period, they are assigned to various posts in the state or union governments or Panchayati Raj System (municipal councils, municipal corporations, Zilla Parishad), Public Sector Undertakings or international organization.
- In 2015, the new designation of assistant secretary at the Central Secretariat had been created. It was to enable new IAS officers to be posted to Delhi for a three-month assignment as part of their training regime. As part this, IAS assistant secretaries are supposed to work on projects—a new policy in their respective areas—and present it to their respective ministries.
- After completing this probationary role, they are given the role of an executive in a district as a district magistrate and collector, which lasts for 7-8 years at least.
- After this tenure, he may be promoted as a divisional commissioner, head a whole state division.
- An IAS officer is appointments as Deputy Secretary, Joint Secretary, Special Secretary, Secretary, Principal Secretary, Chief Secretary for formulating policies and supervision of their implementation in the state.
- An IAS officer Work on deputation in different ministries with the Union Government. He holds an appointment as Under Secretary, Deputy Secretary, Director, Joint Secretary, Additional Secretary, Secretary and Cabinet Secretary. There he manages day-to-day affairs of the government in consultation with the minister.
- On attaining the apex scale, IAS officers may represent the country at the international level in bilateral and multilateral negotiations.
- He can also be employed in intergovernmental organisations such as the United Nations or its agencies World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, the Asian Development Bank, etc.
- They are also assigned the duty to conduct of elections in India as mandated by the Election Commission of India.
IAS Officer Salary:
Grade/scale (level on Pay Matrix)
Position in state governments
Position in the Govt of India
Basic monthly salary
Cabinet Secretary grade (Pay level 18)
Cabinet Secretary of India
Apex scale (Pay level 17)
Higher administrative grade (above super time scale) (Pay level 15)
Senior administrative grade (above super time scale) (Pay level 14)
Selection grade (Pay level 13)
Junior administrative grade (Pay level 12)
Senior time scale (Pay level 11)
Additional district magistrate
Junior time scale (Pay level 10)
- IAS officers of the designation’s additional chief secretary and special chief secretary draw the same salary as the principal secretary of the state, but he is not coming under the same protocol.
- IAS officers of the special designation secretary to the Government of India or secretary-equivalent draw the same salary as a secretary to the Government of India. Still, he will not follow the same protocol.
- Alternate designations and nomenclature can differ from state to state. Alternate designations – District collector, deputy commissioner.
Perks and subsidies
- The salaries of civil servants may not be as high as corporate employees, but the perks and subsidies compensate for it.
- An IAS or IPS officer gets
- free quarters
- Dearness allowances
- fuel allowance
- study allowances
- Interest-free loans (because there the credibility is very high by virtue of being employed by Government.
- Upon retirement, they can be given constitutional posts such as the Chief Election Commissioner of India, the Comptroller and Auditor General of India, and the chairperson of the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC).
- They can also become members of administrative tribunals like the Central Administrative Tribunal, the National Green Tribunal or as chiefs of regulators including the Reserve Bank of India, the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India, the Securities and Exchange Board of India, FCI, etc.
- If a serving IAS officer is appointed to a constitutional post such as Chief Election Commissioner of India or chairperson of UPSC or CAG, etc., or as head of the statutory authority, such as the NHRC, the National Commission for Women or the CIC, he or she is deemed to have retired from service.
- IAS officers can also be deputed to private organisations under Rule 6(2)(ii) of the Indian Administrative Service (Cadre) Rules, 1954 for a fixed tenure.
Assessment of suitability for promotion and posting
- The performance of IAS officers is assessed through a performance appraisal report which is compiled annually.
- This appraisal report is reviewed to judge the suitability of an officer before a promotion or a posting in the union or state governments.
- It is initiated by the officers themselves (designated as the reporting officer).
- They list their achievements, completion of assigned activities and targets for the year.
- Then Reviewing Officer reviewed this report and modified it and give his comment. Then Reports are forwarded to the accepting authority. They conduct a final review of the report.
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