BPSC Minerals and Energy Resources of Bihar Study Notes and Study Material

By Brajendra|Updated : September 30th, 2022

BPSC Exam Minerals and Energy Resources of Bihar Study Notes: Bihar is the principal holder of the country's pyrite resources and possesses 95% of the resources. Bihar has also some good resources of Bauxite in Jamui district, Cement Morter in Bhabhua, Mica in Muzaffarpur, Nawada, Jamui, Gaya and salt in Gaya and Jamui. Iron and copper ore are also produced in Bihar. 

The 67th BPSC Preliminary Exam paper is on 30 September 2022 from 12 noon to 2 pm. This article is important from the point of view of examination, candidates should read it.

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Important Links for BPSC Exam 2022, 30 September ⇒

Here, we are giving the complete study material of ‘Minerals and Energy Resources of Bihar’ that will ease the journey of aspirants to crack competitive examinations like BPSC and other state-level examinations.

Minerals and Energy Resources

Minerals:

  • South Bihar has a greater concentration of minerals than North Bihar
  • Prior to the bifurcation, Bihar was one of the leading producers of minerals.
  • Manganese
    • India is the 5th largest producer and has the 9th largest reserves in the world.
    • It is used in the Iron and Steel industry for making alloy.
    • In Bihar, it is found in Patna, Munger and Gaya.
  • Mica
    • 3 varieties of mica are found in India - Muscovite, Phlogopite, and Biotite.
    • Mica that is found in Bihar and Jharkhand is Muscovite.
    • For its insulating property, it is used abundantly in the electronics industry.
    • Prior to the bifurcation, Bihar was a leader in mica production.
    • It is found in Southeast Bihar in the districts of Nawada, Jamui, Muzaffarpur, Gaya.
    • In Jharkhand, it is found in Hazaribagh, Koderma, and Giridih.
  • Pyrite
    • It is the sulfide of iron, chiefly used for making Sulphuric acid.
    • Industries like fertiliser, petroleum, steel etc. use Sulphuric acid.
    • Mainly found in the Sone valley and Vidhyan belt in Rohtas district.
    • Author (Rohtas) has an iron pyrite industry.
  • Limestone
    • It chiefly consists of Calcium Carbonate.
    • Limestone deposits are of sedimentary origin.
    • Good quality limestone is used in the cement industry while low quality is used in the iron and building construction industry.
    • In Rohtas, Munger and Kaimur, good quality limestones are found.
  • Asbestos
    • It is fibrous in nature.
    • It can be used in fireproof safes, insulators, insulating mats etc.
    • Asbestos cement is used in making sheets, pipes, and tiles for building purposes.
    • In Bihar, it is mainly found in Munger.
  • Monazite is found in Gaya and Munger.
  • Quartz
    • It is found in Munger.
    • It is used in the cement and power industries.
  • Uranium
    • It is found in Gaya.
    • It is used in nuclear reactors.
  • Beryllium
    • It is used as a moderator in the nuclear reactor.
    • It is found in the Gaya district.
  • Bauxite
    • It is an important ore of aluminium.
    • It is not a specific mineral but a rock consisting mainly of hydrated aluminium oxides.
    • It is found in the Munger and Rohtas district.
  • Gold
    • It is found in the Jamui district.
    • It is auriferous lodes and some of it is found in the sands of rivers.
    • It is used for making ornaments and is also used as an international currency. 
  • FELDSPAR
    • It is found along with quartz in Pegmatite rocks.
    • It has applications in ceramic, glass and refractory industries.
    • Feldspar is found in Munger, Gaya and Jamui district.
  • LEAD
    • This is obtained from a mineral named Galena.
    • Lead is used in many forms.
    • It is Found in Banka and Rohtas District.

Energy Resources:

  • Availability of adequate, reliable, affordable and quality power is necessary for economic growth and to sustain that growth.
  • It generates employment thus leading to the elimination of poverty and human development.
  • The per capita power consumption of Bihar is 327.7 kWh much lower than India’s 1030.25 kWh.
  • But still, Bihar has faced the power deficit continuously.
  • Bihar State Electricity Board was set up in April 1958 under the Electricity Supply Act.
    • It was mandated for the generation, transmission, and distribution in Bihar.
  • Power generation in Bihar is primarily based on fossil fuels.
  • But to promote renewable energy, Bihar Govt. has created an agency called Bihar Renewable Energy Development Agency (BREDA)
  • Barauni Thermal Power Plant
    • The only power plant under the state sector.
    • It is based on the oil refinery at Barauni.
    • It was established in 1970 with Russian help.
  • Kanti Bijli Utpadan Nigam Limited
    • It is a joint venture of NTPC and Bihar State Power Generation Company Limited.
  • Kosi Hydel Power Station
    • Constructed on the river Kosi in Supaul
    • It was commissioned in 1970.
    • It was handed over to the Bihar govt. in 16th November 2003
  • New Projects - Thermal
    • Nabinagar Power Plant
      • The project is located in Aurangabad.
      • It will be a coal-based plant.
    • Pirpainti Power Plant
      • The project will be constructed at Bhagalpur.
      • It will be constructed by NHPC.
    • Kajara Power Plant
      • The project will be constructed at Lakhisarai.
      • It will be constructed by NTPC.
    • New Projects - Hydel
      • Chausa Hydel Power Plant in Buxar
      • Mathai Hydel Power Project in West Champaran
    • Ultra-Mega Power Power Project will be constructed in Banka.

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