Bharatanatyam is a Famous Dance of Which State?

By Raj Vimal|Updated : July 18th, 2022

Bharatnatyam dance is an Indian traditional dance that originated in Tamil Nadu State. It shows the ancient religious theme of the state. Bharatnatyam is also the mother of all country dance forms as it is the older dance form. To perform this dance form, one has to perform great footwork skills and facial expressions.

History of Bharatnatyam

In the Chidambaram Temple, Tamil Nadu, more than 1800 different Bharat Natyam Poses are curved on the stone. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva (Hindu God). In the earlier 19th century, the Britishers banned this dance form. Later on, they faced a huge protest against this ban, and the native people reformed the dance and performed it on a big level in the 20th century.

Earlier, this dance form was popularly known as Sadir or Dasi Attam. According to Natya Shastra, written by Bharat Muni, the Bharat Natyam dance is related to the Tandav of Lord Shiva. The Tamil Epic Silappatikaram contains all the details, including ancient information related to the Bharatnatyam dance form.

Popular Dance Forms in the Various States

  • Bharatnatyam From Tamil Nadu
  • Kathakali From Kerala
  • Kuchipudi From Andra Pradesh
  • Odissi From Odisha
  • Sattariya From Assam

Music and Costume of Bharatnatyam

The music of Bharatnatyam is classically based, and Mridangam is the main musical instrument that is used in the Bharat Natyam dance form. Apart from Mridangam, violin, Veena, flute, etc., are used during the performance.

The costume for this dance form is fixed. Male dancers wear Panjama or Dhoti (As per their choice) Kanchipuram silk jacket. While female dancers wear the same colour and material Choli as Dhoti or Pajama.


Bharatanatyam is a Famous Dance of Which State?

Bharat Natyam or Sadir Attam dance form is popular in south India, specifically in Tamil Nadu State. Its description can be found in the Tamil Epic, Silapattikam. In this book, all the details about this dance form are mentioned. Bharatnatyam was used and performed in the Hindu temples of Tamil Nadu, but later on, people liked it, and now it is popular worldwide.

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Bharatanatyam Dance Belongs to Which State FAQs

  • Bharatnatyam is the popular dance of Tamil Nadu and to perform this dance form, dancers need great footwork and facial expressions skills. Also, they use their hand during the dance to narrate the story. According to Tamil texts, this dance form is related to Lord Shiva’s tandava.

  • Apart from the Bharatnatyam dance in Tamil Nadu, Kathakali, Kuchipudi, Odissi, and Sattariya are some famous dance forms across the country. They represent different cultures of their states.


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