History of Bharatnatyam
In the Chidambaram Temple, Tamil Nadu, more than 1800 different Bharat Natyam Poses are curved on the stone. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva (Hindu God). In the earlier 19th century, the Britishers banned this dance form. Later on, they faced a huge protest against this ban, and the native people reformed the dance and performed it on a big level in the 20th century.
Earlier, this dance form was popularly known as Sadir or Dasi Attam. According to Natya Shastra, written by Bharat Muni, the Bharat Natyam dance is related to the Tandav of Lord Shiva. The Tamil Epic Silappatikaram contains all the details, including ancient information related to the Bharatnatyam dance form.
Popular Dance Forms in the Various States
- Bharatnatyam From Tamil Nadu
- Kathakali From Kerala
- Kuchipudi From Andra Pradesh
- Odissi From Odisha
- Sattariya From Assam
Music and Costume of Bharatnatyam
The music of Bharatnatyam is classically based, and Mridangam is the main musical instrument that is used in the Bharat Natyam dance form. Apart from Mridangam, violin, Veena, flute, etc., are used during the performance.
The costume for this dance form is fixed. Male dancers wear Panjama or Dhoti (As per their choice) Kanchipuram silk jacket. While female dancers wear the same colour and material Choli as Dhoti or Pajama.
Bharatanatyam is a Famous Dance of Which State?
Bharat Natyam or Sadir Attam dance form is popular in south India, specifically in Tamil Nadu State. Its description can be found in the Tamil Epic, Silapattikam. In this book, all the details about this dance form are mentioned. Bharatnatyam was used and performed in the Hindu temples of Tamil Nadu, but later on, people liked it, and now it is popular worldwide.
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