Dentistry Course in India: BDS Dental College, Fees, Eligibility, Selection

By Noushin Chaudhary|Updated : December 13th, 2019

Dentistry as a Career Option (BDS Course Details): A dentist is responsible for preventing and treating almost every health problems related to mouth, teeth, and gums. A dentist ensures that professional and proper oral health is provided to the patients. Moreover, the profession of a dentist is equivalent to the MBBS. So, after completing the BDS course, dental graduates can use the term Doctor before their name as the prefix “Dr”. The specialists in the dental profession are Dentists, Oral Surgeons Periodontists, Orthodontists, Prosthodontists, and Pedodontist.

BDS Dentistry Course After Class 12th Science

Dentistry Eligibility

Candidates who wish to take admission into a dental college need to fulfill the required criteria in terms of educational qualification and age limit. Additionally, they must also qualify for the NEET exam. As per the NEET, the following is the eligibility criteria for BDS admission.


Eligibility Criteria 


  • Indian Citizen
  • Non-Resident Indians (NRIs) 
  • Persons of Indian Origin (PIO) 

Age Limit 

A candidate should have completed 17 years of age or before 31st December of the admission year. 


Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and English as specialization in 10+2

Required Pass Percentage in 10+2

To take admission in BDS undergraduate degree course, a candidate needs to have a minimum of 50%

Selection in Dentistry

A candidate who wants to study dentistry is required to appear for an entrance test to pursue a degree in BDS. To take admission into graduate dentistry courses, a candidate needs to appear for NEET exam, DUMET, PIMS and AICEE. The National Eligibility cum Entrance Test conducted by the CBSE is common for both MBBS degree as well as Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS).

After clearing the respective BDS entrance exams, students are required to appear for the counselling process conducted by the CBSE or state body. A candidate is allotted the seat in a medical college on the basis of his rank in the entrance exam, the options filled by him and the availability of the seats.

In addition to government dental colleges, there are many private dental colleges where students can pursue a BDS degree course under management quota. However, to be eligible for practice, a candidate must ensure that the course chosen by them has been approved by the dental council of India.

Top BDS Colleges

In India, there are many dental institutions that provide quality dentist education. According to an estimate, there are approx 300 colleges across the country that offer BDS degree courses. Some of the most popular dental colleges in India are as follows:

  • Dental College, Thiruvananthapuram
  • Govt. Dental College & Hospital, Andhra Pradesh
  • Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi
  • Faculty of Dental Science, King George’s Medical University, Lucknow
  • Dental College & Hospital, Aurangabad
  • Dental College & Hospital, Mumbai
  • Dental College, Gujarat
  • Government Dental College & Research Institute, Bengaluru
  • Amrita College of Dentistry, Kerala
  • Dr. R Ahmed Dental College & Hospital, Kolkata              

BDS - Fees

The fees of the BDS degree course varies depending upon the type of college – Government, Private or deemed university. The fees of the BDS course in the Government college can range between 40000 – 60000 if allotted under the All India Quota. The fees of the deemed university is somewhere in the range of 3.5 lakh – 4 lakh. Whereas, the fee in private college can be upto 6 lakhs and above per year.

The fees for BDS in all state dental colleges is decided by the state management and the respective regulatory bodies. Moreover, the fees for BDS seats under the Management quota is reportedly very high and is not known officially. 

Major Areas of Specialization

The major areas of specialization or Job Profiles in Dentistry as follows: -

  • Orthodontics - Mainly caters to aligning and straightening of teeth and jaws.
  • Periodontics - Specialization of dentistry, which requires a dentist to specialize in gum care and diseases result in its affliction.
  • Endodontics or Operative Dentistry - Specifically deals with fillings, cosmetic surgery, and root canal treatment.
  • Prosthodontics – It is the Science of making artificial teeth
  • Oral Surgery – Expert of conducting surgery for treating fractures, and for treating unnatural growth in the mouth and jaws such as tumours.      
  • Pediatric Dentistry – Expert in children and oral pathology and responsible for providing a diagnosis for diseases that affect the mouth.

BDS Course Duration

The Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) course as prescribed by the Dental Council of India is a four-year full-time course with a minimum of 240 teaching days. Additionally, after the completion of the course, the candidates are required to go through a one-year paid Internship in a recognised dental college. The internship has to be completed after successful completion of the 4-year BDS degree course. So, the total course duration of the course of BDS degree is 5 years, with 4 years of classroom study and a one-year internship. 

Academic Options after BDS Course

After successfully completing the BDS degree course, a person can opt for specialization in dentistry by going for Master of Dental Surgery (MDS). The specializations in MDS that a BDS can choose could be the operative dentistry, prosthodontics, and oral medicine. One can also specialize in the area of oral implantology, radiology, periodontology as well as oral and maxillofacial surgery. Aesthetic and conservative dentistry and endodontics are also some popular specialization courses which a person can go for post their BDS degree.

Dentistry Career and Employment Opportunities

After completing the BDS degree, a person can expect good career options and job opportunities. Also, it is one profession where job placement is 100%. Following are some career options that a Bachelor of Dental Surgery can expect to pursue.

1) Government or Private Job - One can work in the dental department of any hospital, dental clinics, health departments, and nursing homes.

2) Research - As a dentist, a person can offer his expertise in research functions of a pharmaceutical company active in producing oral care products.

3) Set up a Private Practice - Moreover, one can also commence his/her own dental practice privately. It gives a dentist better financial benefits and independence as well.

4) Work As Consultant - A dentist can also take up the role of Dental Assistant or Dental Hygienist or can work as a consultant for specific clients.

5) Teaching - Teaching is also an option for dentists who want to gain some experience while working as a practicing dentist. 

6) Further Study –Another option that a dentist can explore after BDS is for Masters in Dental Surgery. The specializations allow the person to choose a specific field of dentistry in which they want to make their career. 

Moreover, a dentist can also opt for a management course such as MPH (Masters in Public Health) or MHA (Masters in Hospital Administration). This will enable them to venture into the management aspect of hospital chains or health organizations. 

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Ashlesha Kumbhare
I need info on bachelor in physiotherapy course... please can anyone help
Priyanka Rahangdale
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BhargaviJul 6, 2020

How many marks did we get in neet exam for dentist  in oc category
Ekansh Moundekar
How many marks are required for government bds college in SBC category
Singadi Vannuruswamy
Madam iam suffering from yellow pigmentation how to treat
Singadi Vannuruswamy
And which medicine used

PreethikaAug 7, 2020

Sir twelth mark is mines 58.5percent cut off can i get Bds
Sarla Bhalavi
Hindi please
Nalini Ranjan
The best scholarship for dental aspirant is AIPMST. All students appearing and scoring good marks are given scholarships and counselling. The exam is conducted once yearly at national level.

NidhiAug 17, 2021

Neet cutoff minimum for govt college in general category

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