Bank Rate- Definition, Meaning, Bank Rate In India

By Shivank Goel|Updated : October 20th, 2022

Bank Rate is the interest rate of financial institutes at which India's central bank, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), provides loans to domestic or commercial banks. Usually, the RBI gives short-term loans to commercial banks without requiring them to keep collateral and purchase security. Commercial banks also don't need to repurchase agreements when borrowing loans from the central bank at the Bank Rate.

The Bank Rate's interest is applied to the central authority managing the finances of the country and supplying the economy in the economy and the banking sector. The alteration in the bank rate influences and impacts the economy of the country in all niches and domains. The topic of "Bank Rate" is essential for the UPSC exam and the aspirants must prepare well for accomplishing good grades in the most sought-after exam. Walk through the article to check out the bank rate meaning, definition and other details.

Table of Content

What Is Bank Rate?

Bank Rate Policy and Marginal Standing Facility (MSF) rate have a link, and when the MSF rate changes, so do the Bank Rate. The Reserve Bank of India decides the Bank Rate. This rate is slightly higher than Repo Rate. The bank rate meaning states that the interest rate charged to the commercial and financial banks of India by the head of the financial institutes, Reserve Bank of India.

Bank Rate UPSC PDF

The RBI, in its monetary policy review, determines the Bank Rate based on the entire situation of the overall economy. The Reserve Bank of India lends large funds to commercial banks at this rate.

The Reserve Bank of India is the main authority determining the bank rate, it is altered frequently. Though, there is no prescribed or fixed schedule for the alteration of the Bank Rate.

What Is Bank Rate In India?

As of the December 2021 monetary policy, the latest Bank Rate from RBI is 4.25%. The RBI determines this rate and other rates such as Repo Rate and Reverse Repo Rate. The current Repo Rate is 4.00%, and the Reverse Repo Rate is 3.35%. These rates may change due to changes in the MSF rate and prevailing economy from time to time. Section 49 of the Reserve Bank Of India Act 1934 regulates and determines the Bank Rate. The Reserve Bank Of India executes the monetary policy review bi-monthly in which the bank rate is declared by the officials depending on the macroeconomic situation of the country.

Impact Of Bank Rate

The Bank Rate policy depends on the MSF rate, and when the Reserve Bank of India increases the Bank Rate, the commercial bank borrows the funds at a higher price and reduces the credit volume. When the Bank Rate rises, banks experience a decline in the money supply. The Bank Rate is determined keeping into consideration the primary goals of attaining the inflation targets. If the bank rate is reduced then the economic flow in the country increases, on the other hand, if the bank rate surges the economic flow in the country decreases.

Bank Rate Vs Repo Rate

The significant difference between the Bank Rate and Repo Rate is that Bank Rate directly impacts customers since it impacts long-term funds lending. In contrast, Repo Rate doesn't impact the customer directly.

The Reserve Bank Of India applies Repo Rate to the repurchase of securities sold by commercial banks and the Bank Rate to loans that the RBI gives to commercial banks.

The Repo Rate is lower than the Bank Rate due to the collateral and repurchase obligation. The Reserve Bank of India provides Repo Rate on short-term financial lending to banks while Bank Rates issues to long-term requirements of domestic banks.

Why is the Bank Rate in the News?

The RBI, in its Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) recently, kept the key policy rates, including Repo Rate, Bank Rate, and Reverse Repo Rate, unchanged. It was the tenth consecutive time in which Bank Rates remained unchanged. As of May 22, 2020, the Bank Rate is 4.25%.

These rates are more likely to rise due to the current inflation level. The Bank Rate is the central bank's interest rate when a financial institution borrows money from them. When banks are unable to reserve requirements and preserve liquidity, it goes to central banks for loans.

Bank Rate For UPSC Exam

The aspirants preparing for the IAS exam must be well conversant with the complete details of the topics such as the bank rate and other details. You can practice the UPSC previous year papers, and complete the syllabus comprehensively for better understanding of the concepts and fundamentals. The previous year questions pertaining to the bank rate definition, mening will provide the candidates with complete ideation of the fundamentals and the types of questions asked from the exam. Also, get in touch with the illustrated difference between bank rate and repo rate.

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FAQs on Bank Rate

  • The Bank Rate meaning is the interest rate of financial institutes at which India's central bank, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), provides loans to domestic or commercial banks without collateral. The Reserve Bank of India determines the Bank Rate, which is declared at the monetary policy review that is conducted bi-monthly. The bank rate is in accordance with the primary goal of meeting the inflation targets. The current bank rate as determined by the Reserve Bank of India, is 4.25%. There are numerous differences between bank rate and repo rate, such as the former influencing the customers and the latter influencing the customers directly.

  • The Reserve Bank of India decides the Bank Rate. This rate is slightly higher than the Repo Rate. Current bank rate in India is 4.25% When the bank rates increase it decreases the economy flow in the country, while when it declines the economy flow is surged in the country. The MSF rates influences the Bank rates in India. Section 49 of the Reserve Bank Of India Act 1934 determines and regulates the Bank rates.

  • As of December 2021 monetary policy, the latest Bank Rate from RBI is 4.25%. The Reserve Bank of India determines and regulates the Bank rate in India. The alteration in the Marginal Standing Facility [MSF] alters the bank rate in the country, and hence it influences the economy flow.

  • The Bank Rate depends on the MSF rate, and when the Reserve Bank of India increases the Bank Rate, the commercial bank borrows the funds at a higher price and reduces the credit volume. The surge in the bank rates will decrease the economy flow in the country, while a decline in the bank rates can surge the economy flow.

  • The significant difference between the Bank Rate and Repo Rate is that Bank Rate directly impacts customers since it impacts long-term funds lending. In contrast, Repo Rate doesn't impact the customer directly. The Bank rate aids in long-term catering to the Banks, while repo rates assists in short financial requirements.

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