What is an Asynchronous Counter?
Asynchronous counters have an output that is independent of the clock signal. Because the flip flops in asynchronous counters are provided with distinct clock signals, the output may be delayed. The number of logic gates required to build asynchronous counters is quite small. As a result, their design is straightforward. The asynchronous counter is also known as "Ripple counters".
The number of flip-flops needed in a ripple counter is determined by the number of counter states (ex: Mod 4, Mod 2, etc.). The number of output states of a counter is referred to as its "Modulus" or "MOD." A counter can have a maximum of 2n states, where n is the number of flip-flops utilized in the counter.
Asynchronous Counter Applications
Asynchronous counters, often known as divide by N counters, are used as frequency dividers. These are utilized for low-power applications and emit less noise. These are utilized in the creation of an asynchronous decade counter.
The Asynchronous counter is also included in the Ring counter and the Johnson counter. Mod N ripple counters employ asynchronous counters. For example, the ripple counters are Mod 3, Mod 4, Mod 8, Mod 14, Mod 10, etc.
Advantages of Asynchronous counter
Asynchronous counters may be simply constructed with Toggle or D-type flip-flops. Because the clock inputs of the flip-flops are not all controlled by the same clock signal, they are referred to as "Asynchronous Counters."
Each output in the chain is dependent on the previous flip-flop's output. Asynchronous counters are sometimes known as ripple-counters because the data seems to "ripple" from one flip-flop’s output to the next input.
Disadvantages of Asynchronous counter
An additional "re-synchronizing" output flip-flop may be needed. Extra feedback circuitry is necessary to count a shortened sequence that is not equal to 2n. When a significant number of bits are counted, the propagation delay via succeeding steps may grow unacceptably long. Because of this delay, they are known as "Propagation Counters."
At high clocking frequencies, counting mistakes arise. Because they use the same clock signal for all flip-flops, synchronous counters are quicker and more dependable.
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