- Proof of copper-stone age in Uttar Pradesh have been found at Meerut and Saharanpur.
- Evidence of Paleolithic civilization in Uttar Pradesh has been found the Belan Valley in Allahabad, Singrauli Valley of Sonbhadra and Chakia of Chandauli.
- The potholes of the Belan river valley were explored and excavated under the direction of Allahabad University Professor R. Sharma.
- Statue of a bone-built goddess along with stone equipment has also been obtained from the archaeological site 'Lohadanala' of the Belan Valley.
- Remains of Humans belonging to the medieval stone age have been obtained from Pratapgarh's Sarinahar Rai and Mahadeha.
- Based on the latest excavation, the oldest agricultural evidence in the Indian subcontinent is Lahuradev located in the city of Saint Kabir Nagar in Uttar Pradesh.
- From here evidence of, Rice belonging to 8000 BC-9000BC, has been discovered.
- The tools and weapons of Neolithic have been found in excavation by Sarai Nahar Rai (Pratapgarh), Mirjapur, Sonbhadra, Bundelkhand.
- Remains of Harrapp civilisation have been discovered from Alamgirpur. It also reveals the eastward extension of the Harappan civilization. Evidence of cotton cultivation has also been obtained from here.
- 8 Mahajanapadas of 16 were in Madhya Desh (Modern UP). They were Kuru, Panchal, Kashi, Koshal, Shurasen, Chedi, Vats and Malla.
- Evidence of the attack of the Hunas on Kushinagar has also been discovered.
- In Kushinagar, Gautam Buddha attained Mahaparinirvana in 483 BC.
- The fourteenth inscription of Ashoka has been found in Kalasi (present-day Uttarakhand).
- Most of the life of Gautam Buddha was spent in Uttar Pradesh. Therefore Uttar Pradesh is called the Cradle of Buddhism.
- Gautam Buddha had spent most of the rainy seasons in the Kosala state.
- Shuktimati (Near Banda) was the capital of Chedi Mahajanapada.
- The ancient name of Ayodhya was Ayazsa (अयाज्सा).
- According to Buddhist tradition, Ashoka built a stupa in Ayodhya.
- According to Jain texts, the birthplace of five Tirthankara including Adinath was Ayodhya.
- Repeated conflicts between Gujjar-Pratiharas, Palas and Rashtrakutas ensued for occupation Kannauj's.
- For a Long period, Kannauj was ruled by Gujjars-Pratahars.
- In 1018-1019, Mahmud Ghajnavi invaded Kannauj.
- Prayag pillar mentions donation made by Ashok's Queen Karaowaki. It has also been called 'Queen's Record'.
- Kashi's first mention is found in Atharva Veda. According to the Mahabharata, this city was founded by Divodas.
- The capital city of Kashi Mahajanapati was Varanasi.
- Two rock inscription of Kumargupta I and one of Skand Gupta have been found at Garhwa (Allahabad).
- Bhitari Column inscription of (Ghazipur) describes a war between Pushyamitran and the war of Skanda Gupta.
- In 1194 AD, Mohammad Ghori defeated Gaharwal Naresh Jayanchad (ruler of Kannauj) in the Battle of Chandavar.
- In 1018 AD, Mohammad Ghajnavi destroyed the temples of Mathura.
- In 1670 AD, Aurangzeb destroyed the Krishna Temple (built by Veer Singh Bundela) of Mathura.
- Ashok had built a lion pillar in Sarnath. The lions of this pillar have been adopted as the national symbol.
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