Ancient History of Uttar Pradesh.

By Brajendra|Updated : June 9th, 2022

In this article of the series of UP Special, we will read about the ancient history of Uttar Pradesh. It will not only be insightful but, being revision friendly, it will be helpful for quick last-minute revision. Similarly, there will be an article on medieval and modern Uttar Pradesh history tomorrow and day-after-tomorrow respectively.

  • Proof of copper-stone age in Uttar Pradesh have been found at Meerut and Saharanpur.
  • Evidence of Paleolithic civilization in Uttar Pradesh has been found the Belan Valley in Allahabad, Singrauli Valley of Sonbhadra and Chakia of Chandauli.
  • The potholes of the Belan river valley were explored and excavated under the direction of Allahabad University Professor R. Sharma.
  • Statue of a bone-built goddess along with stone equipment has also been obtained from the archaeological site 'Lohadanala' of the Belan Valley.
  • Remains of Humans belonging to the medieval stone age have been obtained from Pratapgarh's Sarinahar Rai and Mahadeha.
  • Based on the latest excavation, the oldest agricultural evidence in the Indian subcontinent is Lahuradev located in the city of Saint Kabir Nagar in Uttar Pradesh.
  • From here evidence of, Rice belonging to 8000 BC-9000BC, has been discovered.
  • The tools and weapons of Neolithic have been found in excavation by Sarai Nahar Rai (Pratapgarh), Mirjapur, Sonbhadra, Bundelkhand.
  • Remains of Harrapp civilisation have been discovered from Alamgirpur. It also reveals the eastward extension of the Harappan civilization. Evidence of cotton cultivation has also been obtained from here.
  • 8 Mahajanapadas of 16 were in Madhya Desh (Modern UP). They were Kuru, Panchal, Kashi, Koshal, Shurasen, Chedi, Vats and Malla.
  • Evidence of the attack of the Hunas on Kushinagar has also been discovered.
  • In Kushinagar, Gautam Buddha attained Mahaparinirvana in 483 BC.
  • The fourteenth inscription of Ashoka has been found in Kalasi (present-day Uttarakhand).
  • Most of the life of Gautam Buddha was spent in Uttar Pradesh. Therefore Uttar Pradesh is called the Cradle of Buddhism.
  • Gautam Buddha had spent most of the rainy seasons in the Kosala state.
  • Shuktimati (Near Banda) was the capital of Chedi Mahajanapada.
  • The ancient name of Ayodhya was Ayazsa (अयाज्सा).
  • According to Buddhist tradition, Ashoka built a stupa in Ayodhya.
  • According to Jain texts, the birthplace of five Tirthankara including Adinath was Ayodhya.
  • Repeated conflicts between Gujjar-Pratiharas, Palas and Rashtrakutas ensued for occupation Kannauj's.
  • For a Long period, Kannauj was ruled by Gujjars-Pratahars.
  • In 1018-1019, Mahmud Ghajnavi invaded Kannauj.
  • Prayag pillar mentions donation made by Ashok's Queen Karaowaki. It has also been called 'Queen's Record'.
  • Kashi's first mention is found in Atharva Veda. According to the Mahabharata, this city was founded by Divodas.
  • The capital city of Kashi Mahajanapati was Varanasi.
  • Two rock inscription of Kumargupta I and one of Skand Gupta have been found at Garhwa (Allahabad).
  • Bhitari Column inscription of (Ghazipur) describes a war between Pushyamitran and the war of Skanda Gupta.
  • In 1194 AD, Mohammad Ghori defeated Gaharwal Naresh Jayanchad (ruler of Kannauj) in the Battle of Chandavar.
  • In 1018 AD, Mohammad Ghajnavi destroyed the temples of Mathura.
  • In 1670 AD, Aurangzeb destroyed the Krishna Temple (built by Veer Singh Bundela) of Mathura.
  • Ashok had built a lion pillar in Sarnath. The lions of this pillar have been adopted as the national symbol.

Ancient History of Uttar Pradesh Download PDF In English
Ancient History of Uttar Pradesh Download PDF In English
Ancient History of Uttar Pradesh Download PDF In Hindi

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FAQs

  • The state was called the Brahmrishi Desh or the Madhya Desh in the vedic period.

  • The region was the site of the Indian Rebellion of 1857, with revolts at Meerut, Kanpur, and Lucknow. The region was also a site for the Indian Independence movement with the Indian National Congress. After independence in 1947, the United Provinces were renamed Uttar Pradesh in 1950.

  • History says Uttar Pradesh came into existence on January 24, 1950, when the governor-general of India passed United Provinces (Alteration of Name) Order 1950, renaming United Provinces as Uttar Pradesh.

  • The state of Uttar Pradesh has got thirty one rivers flowing through the place, which includes both long as well as small rivers. Some of the most important rivers of India like the Ganga, the Ghaghara, the Yamuna and the Sarayu flow though this state.

  • Uttar Pradesh is known for its rich culture and tradition. It is home to Ayodhya and Mathura birthplace of Lord Rama, Lord Krishna and Bhgwan Parshuram respectively. Uttar Pradesh attracts many national and international tourists.

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