In this article of series of UP Static GK, we will read about Ancient history of Uttar Pradesh. It will not only be insightful but, being revision friendly, it will be helpful for quick last-minute revision. Similarly, there will be an article on medieval and modern Uttar Pradesh history in upcoming articles.
- Proof of copper-stone age in Uttar Pradesh have been found at Meerut and Saharanpur.
- Evidence of Paleolithic civilization in Uttar Pradesh has been found the Belan Valley in Allahabad, Singrauli Valley of Sonbhadra and Chakia of Chandauli.
- The potholes of the Belan river valley were explored and excavated under the direction of Allahabad University Professor R. Sharma.
- Statue of a bone-built goddess along with stone equipment has also been obtained from the archaeological site 'Lohadanala' of the Belan Valley.
- Remains of Humans belonging to medieval stone age have been obtained from Pratapgarh's Sarinahar Rai and Mahadeha.
- Based on the latest excavations, the oldest agricultural evidence in the Indian subcontinent is Lahuradev located in the city of Saint Kabir Nagar in Uttar Pradesh.
- From here evidence of, Rice belonging to 8000 BC-9000BC, has been discovered.
- The tools and weapons of Neolithic have been found in an excavation by Sarai Nahar Rai (Pratapgarh), Mirjapur, Sonbhadra, Bundelkhand.
- Remains of Harappa civilisation have been discovered from Alamgirpur. It also reveals the eastward extension of the Harappan civilization. Evidence of cotton cultivation has also been obtained from here.
- 8 Mahajanapadas of 16 were in Madhya Desh (Modern UP). They were Kuru, Panchal, Kashi, Koshal, Shurasen, Chedi, Vats and Malla.
- Evidence of the attack of the Hunas on Kushinagar has also been discovered.
- In Kusinagar, Gautam Buddha attained Mahaparinirvana in 483 BC.
- The fourteenth inscription of Ashoka has been found in Kalasi (present-day Uttarakhand).
- Most of life of Gautam Buddha was spent in Uttar Pradesh. Therefore Uttar Pradesh is called the Cradle of Buddhism.
- Gautam Buddha had spent most of the rainy seasons in the Kosala state.
- Shuktimati (Near Banda) was the capital of Chedi Mahajanapada.
- The ancient name of Ayodhya was Ayazsa (अयाज्सा).
- According to Buddhist tradition, Ashoka built a stupa in Ayodhya.
- According to Jain texts, the birthplace of five Tirthankara including Adinath was Ayodhya.
- Repeated conflicts between Gujjar-Pratiharas, Palas and Rashtrakutas ensued for occupation Kannauj's.
- For a Long period, Kannauj was ruled by Gujjars-Pratahars.
- In 1018-1019, Mahmud Ghajnavi invaded Kannauj.
- Prayag pillar mentions donation made by Ashok's Queen Karaowaki. It has also been called 'Queen's Record'.
- Kashi's first mention is found in Atharva Veda. According to the Mahabharata, this city was founded by Divodas.
- The capital city of Kashi Mahajanapati was Varanasi.
- Two rock inscription of Kumargupta I and one of Skand Gupta have been found at Garhwa (Allahabad).
- Bhitari Column inscription of (Ghazipur) describes the war between Pushyamitran and the war of skandagupta.
- In 1194 AD, Mohammad Ghori defeated Gaharwal Naresh Jayanchad (ruler of Kannauj) in the Battle of Chandavar.
- In 1018 AD, Mohammad Ghajnavi destroyed the temples of Mathura.
- In 1670 AD, Aurangzeb destroyed the Krishna Temple (built by Veer Singh Bundela) of Mathura.
- Ashok had built a lion pillar in Sarnath. The lions of this pillar have been adopted as the national symbol.
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