History of All India Services UPSC
In All India Services, Indian nationals can be appointed grade A officers in the IAS, IPS, or IFoS branches. The Court of Directors of the East India Company oversaw its initial introduction in India by the British government. All India Services was known as Covenanted Civil Services in the British era. In 1947, the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) took the place of the ICS. Additionally, IPS took the place of IP. The Indian Forest Service (IFS) was established in 1963 and officially launched in 1966.
The main characteristic of All India Services is that members are chosen through the centre, and their services are assigned to various state Cadres. Additionally, it stipulates that members are obligated to work for the state and centre cadre. Recently, the central government announced a programme centred on distributing new cadres to achieve bureaucracy integration and guarantee All India Character services.
List of All India Services
There are three distinct service categories for All India Services. The Indian Administrative Service is the first division (IAS). The IPS are the second segmentation, and the IFS is the third segmentation. The MoP and PGP serve as the IAS's governing bodies. On the other side, the MoHP is the controlling body for the Indian Police Service (IPS), while the MoE is in charge of the IFS. The table below contains the list of All India Services:
All India Services
CSE - For Prelims
IFS - For Mains
All India Services: IAS, IPS, IFS Full Form
Along with the IPS and IFS, IAS is one of the three branches of the All India Services. The following is the IAS, IPS, and IFS full form:
- IAS Full Form - Indian Administrative Service
- IPS Full Form - Indian Police Service
- IFS Full Form - Indian Forest Service
All India Services: Indian Administrative Service (IAS)
During their probationary period, All India Services officials are allocated to their states. IAS Officers will receive training in managing government matters. Public servants are allocated to a specific office that deals with policy issues relating to that field because this is their primary duty. Under the direct supervision of the Administrative Officer and in cooperation with the Minister, this office frames, modifies, and interprets policy concerns. On the Officer's recommendation, policies are also put into effect.
The Cabinet Secretary is the head of the government structure and is responsible for formulating policy, followed in that order by the Secretaries/Additional Secretaries, Joint Secretaries, Directors, Under Secretaries, and Junior Scale Officers. Civil officials fill these positions according to their level of seniority within the Civil Services as per the All India Services act. The Minister weighs the issue and makes a judgement after receiving input from several officers as part of the decision-making process.
Supervision and touring are involved in the implementation process. The distribution of significant monies to and by the field offices necessitates oversight, and the officials in question must be prepared to respond to questions from the Parliament.
IAS Ranks - Hierarchy
The ranks that an IAS official will occupy during his term in all India services are listed below:
- Cabinet Secretary
- Secretary/Additional Secretary
- Joint Secretary
- Under Secretary
- Junior Scale Officers
- Senior Scale Officer
- Super Time Scale
- Above Super Time Scale
All India Services: Indian Police Service (IPS)
As one of the All India Services, the Indian Police Service (IPS) is in charge of maintaining the internal security, law and order, and public safety. The Indian Police Service (IPS) took the role of the Imperial Police (IP) after India gained independence (1948). The Indian Police Service is the organisation to which all senior police personnel belong, regardless of the agency for which they serve. It is not a law enforcement organisation in and of itself.
An IPS officer is subjected to difficult circumstances and numerous potentially fatal situations. The Superintendent of Police oversees the entire District, the Deputy Commissioner or Commissioner of Police oversees the entire city, depending on where it is located, and the Director-General of Police of the Indian Police Service is in charge of general law and order throughout the entire State. A police commissioner who is an IPS officer has magisterial authority per All India Services norms.
IPS Ranks - Hierarchy
During their time in the All India Services, IPS officers have the following ranks in charge:
- Assistant Superintendent of Police
- Superintendent of Police or Deputy Commissioner of Police
- Junior Administrative Grade
- Selection Grade
- Deputy Inspector General of Police or Additional Commissioner of Police
- Inspector-General of Police
- Additional Director General of Police
- Finally, the Director-General of Police
All India Services: Indian Forest Service (IFoS)
Along with the Indian Police Service and Indian Administrative Service, the Indian Forest Service is one of the three All India Services. One of the first nations to implement scientific forest management was India. The Imperial Forest Department was formed by the British Raj in 1864. German forest officer Dr Dietrich Brandis was named Inspector General of Forests in 1866. In 1867, the Imperial Forest Service (IFS) was established.
Following Independence, the Indian Forest Service (IFoS) was established in 1966 under the All India Services Act 1951 to safeguard, conserve, and restore forest resources. Candidates selected for IFS are trained at the Indira Gandhi National Forest Academy. The cops receive training that prepares them to operate in the nation's most challenging environments. To do its job effectively, the Indian Forest Service needs strong administrative skills and in-depth technical understanding.
The IFS Officers work for several international and national organisations involved in managing forests, wildlife, and the environment, in addition to holding senior positions in the Central Secretariat, State Secretariats, and other assignments under the Central Staffing Scheme as per the All India Services act.
IFS Ranks - Hierarchy
The Indian Forest Service (IFS) has the following ranks:
Divisional Forest Officer (DFO)
Deputy Conservator of Forests (CF)
Chief Conservator of Forests (CCF)
Additional Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (Addl. PCCF)
Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (PCCF)
Director-General of Forests
All India Services UPSC: Power and Responsibilities
The All India Services Act, 1951, which gives the Government of India permission to develop standards and processes for the service conditions and the recruitment of individuals appointed to AIS, describes the authority, function, and responsibilities of these All India Services. The AIS is governed by the All India Service (Conduct) Rules, 1968, which outline the general civil servant code of conduct.
The duties of the officers change as they advance in the organisational hierarchy from junior public servant officers, who begin with probation, to senior civil servants. The level-wise responsibility of All India Services are as follows:
The tasks concern both district-related issues and any development-related issues.
The position is connected to law and order.
State and Central Levels
Defining a policy
All India Services: Cadre Allocation Policy
In August 2017, the central government unveiled a new cadre allocation strategy for All India Services, praising it as a measure to ensure national bureaucratic cohesion and the All India nature of the services. The Department of Personnel and Training was to divide the twenty-six existing cadres into five zones. Following the new guideline, candidates must first identify their cadre preferences from each chosen zone in descending order.
The candidate expresses their preference for the second cadre for each consecutive chosen zone. No alteration is allowed to the order in which the zones and cadres are preferred. The table below displays the five zones covered by the current cadre allocation policy for All India Services:
Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, and AGMUT.
Bihar, Odisha, Jharkhand, and Uttar Pradesh.
Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat, and Chhattisgarh.
Meghalaya, Sikkim, West Bengal, Manipur, Nagaland, and Tripura.
Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Telangana.
Significance of All India Services UPSC
India is a democratic nation, and elected people are given the power to manage the state's political and administrative affairs for a specific time. However, while overseeing a nation as big and diverse as India, the government needs an administrative system that can function nationwide and guarantee the execution of policies and development programmes. The All India Services were established specifically to address this issue.
As a centralised, permanent institution, All India Services act as India's central administrative system, assisting the current administration in formulating and enacting welfare policies, developing programmes, and ensuring the efficient operation of the legislative and executive branches at the local level. The All India Services have been granted significant duties and authority, and they have the power to alter the nation's appearance.