All India Services: Ranks, Hierarchy, List of All India Services UPSC

By K Balaji|Updated : November 17th, 2022

The Indian Administrative Service, Indian Police Service, and Indian Forest Service are all part of the All India Services (AIS). The AIS is unique because the people chosen for these positions are hired by the Center (the Union Government in a federal polity). Still, their services are allotted under different State Cadres and are responsible for serving the State and the Centre.

This All India Services article concentrates on the brief history of AIS as well as the full forms, lists, hierarchies, ranks, and controlling bodies for the IAS, IPS, and IFS. We will also go over the key details of the list of All India Services below, which will benefit UPSC preparation.

Table of Content

History of All India Services UPSC

In All India Services, Indian nationals can be appointed grade A officers in the IAS, IPS, or IFoS branches. The Court of Directors of the East India Company oversaw its initial introduction in India by the British government. All India Services was known as Covenanted Civil Services in the British era. In 1947, the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) took the place of the ICS. Additionally, IPS took the place of IP. The Indian Forest Service (IFS) was established in 1963 and officially launched in 1966.

All India Services UPSC PDF

The main characteristic of All India Services is that members are chosen through the centre, and their services are assigned to various state Cadres. Additionally, it stipulates that members are obligated to work for the state and centre cadre. Recently, the central government announced a programme centred on distributing new cadres to achieve bureaucracy integration and guarantee All India Character services.

List of All India Services

There are three distinct service categories for All India Services. The Indian Administrative Service is the first division (IAS). The IPS are the second segmentation, and the IFS is the third segmentation. The MoP and PGP serve as the IAS's governing bodies. On the other side, the MoHP is the controlling body for the Indian Police Service (IPS), while the MoE is in charge of the IFS. The table below contains the list of All India Services:

All India Services


Controlling body

Exam Board









CSE - For Prelims

IFS - For Mains


All India Services: IAS, IPS, IFS Full Form

Along with the IPS and IFS, IAS is one of the three branches of the All India Services. The following is the IAS, IPS, and IFS full form:

All India Services: Indian Administrative Service (IAS)

During their probationary period, All India Services officials are allocated to their states. IAS Officers will receive training in managing government matters. Public servants are allocated to a specific office that deals with policy issues relating to that field because this is their primary duty. Under the direct supervision of the Administrative Officer and in cooperation with the Minister, this office frames, modifies, and interprets policy concerns. On the Officer's recommendation, policies are also put into effect.

The Cabinet Secretary is the head of the government structure and is responsible for formulating policy, followed in that order by the Secretaries/Additional Secretaries, Joint Secretaries, Directors, Under Secretaries, and Junior Scale Officers. Civil officials fill these positions according to their level of seniority within the Civil Services as per the All India Services act. The Minister weighs the issue and makes a judgement after receiving input from several officers as part of the decision-making process.

Supervision and touring are involved in the implementation process. The distribution of significant monies to and by the field offices necessitates oversight, and the officials in question must be prepared to respond to questions from the Parliament.

IAS Ranks - Hierarchy

The ranks that an IAS official will occupy during his term in all India services are listed below:

  • Cabinet Secretary
  • Secretary/Additional Secretary
  • Joint Secretary
  • Director
  • Under Secretary
  • Junior Scale Officers
  • Senior Scale Officer
  • Super Time Scale
  • Above Super Time Scale

All India Services: Indian Police Service (IPS)

As one of the All India Services, the Indian Police Service (IPS) is in charge of maintaining the internal security, law and order, and public safety. The Indian Police Service (IPS) took the role of the Imperial Police (IP) after India gained independence (1948). The Indian Police Service is the organisation to which all senior police personnel belong, regardless of the agency for which they serve. It is not a law enforcement organisation in and of itself.

An IPS officer is subjected to difficult circumstances and numerous potentially fatal situations. The Superintendent of Police oversees the entire District, the Deputy Commissioner or Commissioner of Police oversees the entire city, depending on where it is located, and the Director-General of Police of the Indian Police Service is in charge of general law and order throughout the entire State. A police commissioner who is an IPS officer has magisterial authority per All India Services norms.

IPS Ranks - Hierarchy

During their time in the All India Services, IPS officers have the following ranks in charge:

  • Assistant Superintendent of Police
  • Superintendent of Police or Deputy Commissioner of Police
  • Junior Administrative Grade
  • Selection Grade
  • Deputy Inspector General of Police or Additional Commissioner of Police
  • Inspector-General of Police
  • Additional Director General of Police
  • Finally, the Director-General of Police

All India Services: Indian Forest Service (IFoS)

Along with the Indian Police Service and Indian Administrative Service, the Indian Forest Service is one of the three All India Services. One of the first nations to implement scientific forest management was India. The Imperial Forest Department was formed by the British Raj in 1864. German forest officer Dr Dietrich Brandis was named Inspector General of Forests in 1866. In 1867, the Imperial Forest Service (IFS) was established.

Following Independence, the Indian Forest Service (IFoS) was established in 1966 under the All India Services Act 1951 to safeguard, conserve, and restore forest resources. Candidates selected for IFS are trained at the Indira Gandhi National Forest Academy. The cops receive training that prepares them to operate in the nation's most challenging environments. To do its job effectively, the Indian Forest Service needs strong administrative skills and in-depth technical understanding.

The IFS Officers work for several international and national organisations involved in managing forests, wildlife, and the environment, in addition to holding senior positions in the Central Secretariat, State Secretariats, and other assignments under the Central Staffing Scheme as per the All India Services act.

IFS Ranks - Hierarchy

The Indian Forest Service (IFS) has the following ranks:

Sr. No.



Probationary Officer


Divisional Forest Officer (DFO)


Deputy Conservator of Forests (CF)


Chief Conservator of Forests (CCF)


Additional Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (Addl. PCCF)


Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (PCCF)


Director-General of Forests

All India Services UPSC: Power and Responsibilities

The All India Services Act, 1951, which gives the Government of India permission to develop standards and processes for the service conditions and the recruitment of individuals appointed to AIS, describes the authority, function, and responsibilities of these All India Services. The AIS is governed by the All India Service (Conduct) Rules, 1968, which outline the general civil servant code of conduct.

The duties of the officers change as they advance in the organisational hierarchy from junior public servant officers, who begin with probation, to senior civil servants. The level-wise responsibility of All India Services are as follows:



District Level

The tasks concern both district-related issues and any development-related issues.

Divisional Level

The position is connected to law and order.

State and Central Levels

Defining a policy

All India Services: Cadre Allocation Policy

In August 2017, the central government unveiled a new cadre allocation strategy for All India Services, praising it as a measure to ensure national bureaucratic cohesion and the All India nature of the services. The Department of Personnel and Training was to divide the twenty-six existing cadres into five zones. Following the new guideline, candidates must first identify their cadre preferences from each chosen zone in descending order.

The candidate expresses their preference for the second cadre for each consecutive chosen zone. No alteration is allowed to the order in which the zones and cadres are preferred. The table below displays the five zones covered by the current cadre allocation policy for All India Services:



Zone 1

Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, and AGMUT.

Zone 2

Bihar, Odisha, Jharkhand, and Uttar Pradesh.

Zone 3

Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat, and Chhattisgarh.

Zone 4

Meghalaya, Sikkim, West Bengal, Manipur, Nagaland, and Tripura.

Zone 5

Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Telangana.

Significance of All India Services UPSC

India is a democratic nation, and elected people are given the power to manage the state's political and administrative affairs for a specific time. However, while overseeing a nation as big and diverse as India, the government needs an administrative system that can function nationwide and guarantee the execution of policies and development programmes. The All India Services were established specifically to address this issue.

As a centralised, permanent institution, All India Services act as India's central administrative system, assisting the current administration in formulating and enacting welfare policies, developing programmes, and ensuring the efficient operation of the legislative and executive branches at the local level. The All India Services have been granted significant duties and authority, and they have the power to alter the nation's appearance.

Important Notes for UPSC
Rabi Crops and Kharif CropsFoundation of Indian National Congress
ISRO UPSCTypes of Rainfall
Integration of Princely StatesNon-Proliferation Treaty
Nicknames of Freedom FightersOctober Revolution
Social Movements in IndiaHarappan Sites


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FAQs on All India Services

  • The All India Services include the Indian Administrative Service, Indian Police Service, and Indian Forest Service. Because the Center hires the individuals selected for these jobs, the All India Services is distinctive (the Union Government in a federal polity). However, they are assigned under various State Cadres and are in charge of serving the State and the Center.

  • The posting is the primary distinction between the All India Services and the Central Services. An individual is hired by the central government for AIS, while the state government is responsible for posting. Conversely, the central government handles the hiring and posting for central services.

  • Warren Hastings established the civil services foundation under the British Raj, and Charles Cornwallis transformed, modernised, and rationalised it. As a result, Charles Cornwallis is referred to as "the Father of Civil Service in India" as a result.

  • There is a different controlling body for various All India Services divisions. The MoP and PGP are the governing bodies for IAS. Additionally, the MoHA serves as the regulating body for IPS, whereas the MoE serves as the controlling body for IFS. These controlling bodies' tasks include ensuring service integrity and performing effective organisational operations.

  • The All India Services Act of 1951 establishes the authority, function, and duties of these AIS and grants the Government of India the authority to develop, in consultation with State Governments, policies and procedures for the selection of candidates for appointment to All India Services as well as for the conditions of service. All civil servants are subject to regulation and a code of behaviour under the All India Service (Behavior) Rules, 1968.

  • The government needs an administrative framework that can function nationwide and ensure policy and development scheme execution when managing a nation as huge and diverse as India. The All India Services were established specifically to address this issue.

  • The three all India services UPSC are Indian Administrative Service, the Indian Police Service, and the Indian Forest Service.

  • Because this is their major responsibility, IAS officers are assigned to a specific office that handles policy matters in that field. This office formulates, amends, and interprets policy concerns under the direct supervision of the Administrative Officer and in collaboration with the Minister.

  • Following Independence, the Indian Forest Service (IFoS) was established in 1966 under the All India Services Act 1951 to safeguard, conserve, and restore forest resources. Candidates selected for IFS are trained at the Indira Gandhi National Forest Academy.

  • The Indian Police Service (IPS), one of the All India Services, is in charge of upholding internal security, law and order, and public safety. After India attained independence, the Imperial Police (IP) was replaced by the Indian Police Service (IPS) (1948).

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