Different types of surveys. Selection of baseline and stations, obstacles in chaining. Prismatic compass survey, local attraction, and its elimination, adjustment of closing error, Plane Table Survey. Leveling, Contouring. Simple earthwork calculations of areas and volumes. Theodolite Tachometric Survey, Triangulation: Measurement of baseline, corrections for the baseline, selection of stations. GIS: Introduction, concepts, and terminology, Utility, Data acquisition through scanners and digitizers, GPS: Introduction, working principle, various applications of GPS. Remote Sensing: Introduction, the interaction of EMR with Earth Surface Working Principles
2. BUILDING MATERIALS AND CONSTRUCTION
Building Stones, Bricks, lime, cement, timber: -General, classification, Qualities, Deterioration, Uses and Various tests. Paints and varnishes, Distempering, white and colour washing; Asphalt and Bitumen, Masonry: Stone & Brick: Brick masonry, Bonds and junctions, Walling, Mud wall, Sun-dried bricks, burnt bricks, stones walling, load-bearing & non load-bearing brick masonry for multistoried constructions, brick panel walling, reinforced masonry. Low-cost housing & hollow blocks. Damp-proof course. Anti-termite treatment. Form Work and Scaffolding Foundations: Types and suitability. Mix Design - factors influencing mix proportion I.S. code method.Repair technology: - symptoms, evaluation of crack, repair of crack, types of repair, underwater repair. Strength of Concrete - Shrinkage and temperature effects - creep of concrete – Corrosion, Permeability, and Durability
Hydrologic cycle, Scope and applications precipitation. Measurement by a rain gauge, Presentation of rainfall data, Estimation of messing rainfall data. Intensity-duration-frequency curves. Factors affecting evaporation. Evaporation measurement. Run-Off: Factors affecting run off, Estimation of run-off. Hydrographs: Components, Baseflow separation, Derivation of unit hydrograph and its applications.
4. FLUID MECHANICS
Fluid and their properties: Concept of fluid, Continuum concept of fluid: density, specific weight and relative density; viscosity and its dependence on temperature, vapour pressure and cavitation, compressibility and bulk modulus. Fluid Statics: Concept of pressure, Pascal’s law and its engineering hydrostatic paradox. Buoyancy and floatation, stability of floating and submerged bodies, Metacentric height and its determination, rotation of the liquid in a cylindrical container. Fluid Kinematics Laminar and turbulent Flows: Flow regimes and Reynolds number, critical velocity and critical Reynolds number. Flow Measurement: Manometers, Pitot tubes, venturi meter
5. SOLID MECHANICS
Simple Stresses and Strains, stress-strain curves for elastic materials, Hookes' Law, Young's modulus of elasticity, Bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity, temperature stresses, relation between elastic constants. Pure shear, principal stresses, and principal planes. Bending moment & shear force diagrams, Types of beams, supports and different types of loading. Relationship between Bending moment and Shear Force. Bending and Shear Stresses, the assumption made in the theory of simple bending. Torsion of shafts and springs, Power transmitted, sections subjected to combined bending and torsion, Deflection of Beams: Derivation of the basic equation of an elastic curve, deflection in beams with different end conditions and different loadings. Maxwel’s reciprocal theorem. Columns and Struts, Euler's buckling loads for columns with different end conditions, limitations of Euler's formula.
6. CONSTRUCTION MACHINERY
Cost Analysis and Contract: Type of costs, cost time relationships, determining the minimum total cost of project, Resource scheduling. Construction Equipment and Machinery: Tractors, bull dozers, rippers, scrappers, power shovels, dragline, hoes. Factors affecting selection of each equipment, economic life of equipment, maintenance and repaircost. Hoisting & Transporting Equipment: Hosts, Winches, Cranes, Belt conveyors, Ropeways, trucks &Wagons.Plants for grading, batching, mixing, types of mixers, concrete pumps, bitumen plants.
7. TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING
Different modes of transportation. Road patterns. Classification of roads. Highway Plans, Highway Alignment and Surveys Highway Materials Types of bituminous materials Highway Construction : Non-Bituminous Pavements. Compacting equipments. Construction steps of Earth roads, Gravel roads, WBM roads, WMM, Construction of Cement concrete pavements. Construction of Bituminous Pavements: Various types of bituminous constructions. Prime coat, tack coat, seal coat and surface dressing. Highway Maintenance: Flexible and Cement concrete pavement failures. Highway drainage, Surface drainage: types, brief design. Types of sub-surface drainage. Highway Economics and FinanceMethods of economic evaluation: benefit-cost ratio method, net present value method.
8. STRUCTURE ANALYSIS
Classification of structure, support conditions, Equations of static equilibrium, Degree of static and kinematic indeterminacy, Maxwell reciprocal theorem. Determination of forces in member of truss by method of joints and method of sections.Construction of Influence lines for reaction, shear forces and bending moment for simply supported, overhauling and compound beams. Analysis of three hinged parabolic, circular arch at same level and different level support. Cables and suspension bridges:- shape of a loaded cable, cable carrying point loads and UDL. Analysis of fixed beams, continuous beams, fixed end moments due to different types of loadings, Bending moment and shear force diagrams for fixed beams, slope and deflection of fixed beams, analysis of continuous beams by the three moment equation (Clapeyron's theorem). Parabolic and circular two hinged Arches, Bending Moment Diagram for various loadings, Temperature effects.
9. WATER SUPPLY ENGINEERING
Water demand, per capita demand and variation in demand. population forecasting. Sources of water supply: surface and underground sources, development of wells, storage reservoirbalancing and service storage, capacity determination. Intake and transmission system distribution systems. The necessity for examination of water impurities in water, sampling of water, physical, chemical and bacteriological quality for domestic water supply. System of water supply houses connections, internal distribution, and sanitary fittings pipe joints, different types of pipes and pipes materials. Water treatment: unit operations in water treatment screening, sedimentation, coagulation, flocculation, sand filtration-slow, rapid, gravity and pressure filters. Methods of water treatment, aeration, taste and odor control iron and manganese removal water softening processes
10. IRRIGATION ENGINEERING
Water requirements of crops, factors affecting water requirement, consumptive use of water, water depth or delta and crop relation, Duty of water, relation between delta, duty and base period, Soil crop relation-ship and soil fertility. Lined Canals, Types of lining, selection of type of lining, Economics of lining, maintenance of lined canals, silt removal, strengthening of channel banks, and measurement of discharge in channels. Losses In Canals, Water Logging And Drainage Losses. Drainage of land. Tube -Well Irrigation. Types of tube -wells -strainer type, cavity type and slotted type. Yield or discharge of a tube well. Design of Weirs: Weirs versus barrage, design considerations with respect to surface flow, hydraulic jump and seepage flow.Dissipation Devices: Use of hydraulic jump in energy dissipation. Diversion Head Works: Functions and investigations: component parts of a diversion head work, silt control devices. Distributary Regulators: Off-take alignment, cross-regulators. Distributary head regulators. Canal Falls: Necessity and location, types of falls and their description. Cross-Drainage works
11. STEEL STRUCTURAL DESIGN
Structural steels and their specifications, design specifications as per IS: 800. Riveted/Bolted Connection: Riveting and bolting, their types, failure of riveted joint, efficiency of a joint, stresses in bolts Welded Connection: Types of welded joints, design of welded joint subjected to axial loads. Axially loaded columns, effective length, slenderness ratio, allowable stresses, general specifications, design of axially loaded members. Tension Members: Types of tension members, net area, net effective area for angles, tees, design of tension members. Flexural Members (Beams): Design criteria, permissible stresses, laterally supported beams and their design, web buckling, web crippling. Design of Steel Roof Truss: design of members for the given loads Plate Girders: Introduction, weight and economic depth, design of flanges and web. Intermediate and bearing stiffeners. Design of steel footbridge with parallel booms, carrying wooden decking using welded joints.
12. ESTIMATION AND COSTING
Different kinds of estimates, different methods of estimation, Estimating of Plastering, Whitewashing, Distempering and painting, doors and windows, lump-sum items, Estimates of canals, roads etc. The necessity of specifications, types of specifications, general specifications, specification for bricks, Cement, sand, water, lime, reinforcement; Detailed specifications for Earthwork, Cement, concrete, brickwork, floorings, D.P.C., R.C.C., Cement plastering. Rate Analysis: Purpose, importance and requirements of rate analysis, preparation of rate analysis, the procedure of rate analysis for items of Earthwork, concrete works, R.C.C. works, reinforced brickwork, plastering, painting, finishing(white-washing, distempering). Public Works Account
13. CONCRETE STRUCTURE DESIGN
Reinforced concrete, definition, properties of materials, grades of concrete and reinforcing steel, stress-strain curves, permissible stresses, concrete structural systems-slabs, beams, columns and foundations, design philosophies working stress design, ultimate strength and limit state design method. Limit State Design Method: Introduction, Limit States, Characteristic values, characteristic strength, characteristic loads, design values for materials and loads, factored loads. Limit State Of Collapse (Flexure). Type of failures and assumptions for analysis. Analysis of beams: Moment of Resistance. Limit State Of Collapse (Shear, bond and torsion) Limit State Of Serviceability. Deflection, effective span to effective depth ratio, modification factors. Analysis and design of one and two-way slabs.Design of axially loaded Short columns.Flats Slabs: Advantages and disadvantages of flat Slabs, Action of Flat Slab.Analysis and design of square, rectangular and circular foundation. Overhead tanks, in the type tanks and their design including staging and foundation.
14. GEOTECHNOLOGY (SOIL ENGINEERING)
Basic Soil Properties Classification of soils, classification on the basis of grain size, classification on the basis of plasticity.Permeability of Soils, Darcy's law and its validity, discharge velocity and seepage velocity, factors affecting permeability. Compaction Compressibility and Consolidation: Terzaghi's theory of one-dimensional primary consolidation. Determination of coefficients of consolidation. Shear Strength Soil Investigation, Types of soil sample. Open Drive samples, Stationery piston sampler, Bore Hole log for S.P.T.
15. WASTE WATER ENGINEERING
Sewerage system Treatment of sewage: Basic principles of sewage treatment, primary treatment units. Sedimentation tanks Handling and disposal, Design of grit chamber, primary and secondary clarifiers, ASP, TF Low-cost sanitation systems.