Administrative Relations Between the Union and State
The Indian Constitution states the Administrative Relations Between Union and State under Article 256 to Article 263(PART XI). It also constituted the Punchhi commission of 2007, which helped determine the union and states' relationship.
- The government of India also classified their relationships as Union-State relations in normal times or peacetime and Union-State relations during an emergency.
- Administrative relations look after many aspects, including the distribution of Executive Powers, the obligation of the Union and States, cooperation and coordination between the Union and States, All India Services, and more.
Administrative Relations Between Union and State - All India Services
The Parliament of India replaced the Indian Police (IP) and Indian Civil Service (ICS) with Indian Administrative Service (IAS) and Indian Police Service (IPS), respectively, in 1947. The Indian parliament established the Indian forest service (IFS) in 1966.
- AIS come under the aspect of Administrative Relations Between Union and State.
- The Union recruits and trains professionals for these three services.
- According to Article 312, the parliament can create a new AIS based on the Rajya Sabha resolution.
- The AIS helps ensure uniformity of the administrative system throughout the country and maintains high administration standards in both States and the Union.
Administrative Relations Between Union and State Obligations
The Constitution lays down the provision under the Articles that deals with Administrative Relations Between Union and State.
- This provision determines when the government needs to take over the State's Constitution if the State is guilty of either negligence of its duties or willful defiance.
- The Constitution of India has placed two restrictions on the State's executive power that make the Union government exercise its executive power unrestrictedly.
- According to Article 356, the President can impose their rule on the State if the State is guilty.
Power of the States That Delegate Functions to the Union
Article 258-A allows the State Governor's power to entrust conditionally or unconditionally to the functions with the consent of the Union Government. It shows the Administrative Relations Between Union and State.
- The Indian Constitution established Articles 256 to 263 that deal with the Administrative Relations Between Union and State and divides the relations into two parts.
- The articles under the Union-State relation in normal times are 256, 258, 262, 275, and 312.
- The articles that deal with Union-State relations during an emergency are Articles 352, 356, and 360.
- The Indian government includes provisions to secure cooperation and coordination between the Union and States.
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