A Column That Fails due to Direct Stress is Called

By Mona Kumari|Updated : June 27th, 2022

A column that fails due to direct stress is called ________.

  1. Short column
  2. Long column
  3. Weak column
  4. Medium column

Answer: a. Short column

A column that fails due to direct stress is called short column.

Solution: 

A column that fails due to direct stress is called short column. Columns are structural members that experience axial compressive loads while they are in use.

Types of the column

  • Long column: Buckling causes failure.
  • Medium column: Buckling and crushing cause it to fail.
  • Short column: Crushing from direct stress causes failure.
  • Slenderness Ratio-based classification of columns
  • Short Column: Short columns are those that have a slenderness ratio of under 32. 
  • Medium Column: The ratio of the medium column's slenderness ranges from 32 to 120.
  • Long Column: The Long column has a slenderness ratio of greater than 120.

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