5 Minute Learning Series: Lodhi Dynasty

By Ashutosh Yadav|Updated : August 4th, 2021

Hello Students,

In this short 5-minute read article, we will cover the various sultans of the Lodhi Dynasty of Delhi Sultanate and various initiatives and administration changes made by them. Do not miss it!!

All the Best!!

The Lodhi Dynasty (1451-1526 AD)

Ruler

Period of Rule

Important facts

Bahlol Lodhi

1451-88

1. Bahlol Lodhi was one of the Afghan sardars who established himself in Punjab after the invasion of Timur
2. He founded the Lodhi dynasty. He founded the rule of the Lodhi dynasty by usurping the throne from the last of the Sayyid rulers.
3. He was a strong and brave ruler. He tried to restore the glory of Delhi by conquering territories around Delhi and after the continuous war for 26 years, he succeeded in extending his authority over Jaunpur, Rewail, Itawah, Mewar, Sambhal, Gwalior etc.
4. He was a kind and generous ruler. He was always prepared to help his subjects.
5. Though he was himself illiterate, he extended his patronage to art and learning. He died in 1488.

Sikandar Lodhi

1489-1517

1. Sikandar Lodhi was the son of Bahlol Lodhi who conquered Bihar and Western Bengal.
2. He shifted his capital from Delhi to Agra, a city founded by him.
3. Sikandar was a fanatical Muslim and he broke the sacred images of the Jwalamukhi 4. Temple at Naga Kot and ordered the temples of Mathura to be destroyed.
5. He took a keen interest in the development of agriculture. He introduced the Gaz-i-Sikandari (Sikandar's yard) of 32 digits for measuring cultivated fields.
6. He was a staunch Sunni and a Muslim fanatic. He lacked religious tolerance. In the name of religion, he perpetuated untold cruelties on the Hindus.

Ibrahim Lodhi 

1517-26

1. He was the last king of Lodhi dynasty and the last Sultan of Delhi
2. He was the son of Sikandar Lodhi
3. The Afghan nobility was brave and freedom-loving people but it was because of its fissiparous and individualistic tendencies that the Afghan monarchy was weakened. Moreover, Ibrahim Lodhi asserted the absolute power of the Sultan.
4. At last Daulat Khan Lodhi, the governor of Punjab invited Babur to overthrow Ibrahim Lodhi; Babur accepted the offer and inflicted a crushing defeat on Ibrahim Lodhi in the first battle of Panipat in 1526.
5. No Sultan of India except Sultan Ibrahim had been killed on the battlefield.

Now Let's see a question on this:

Q. Which of the following Lodhi rulers had shifted his capital from Delhi to Agra?

A. Bahlol Lodhi

B. Ibrahim Lodhi

C. Sikandar Lodhi

D. Barbak Lodhi

Answer: A

Solution:

Sikandar Lodi or Nizam Khan the second ruler of Lodhi dynasty ruled Delhi from 1489 A.D. to 1517 A.D. He succeeded his father Bahlul Lodhi. He was considered as the best Sultan of the Lodi dynasty.

* He established the new city of Agra and designed it with numerous mind-blowing structures and awesome buildings and shifted his capital from Delhi to Agra.

* Sikandar Lodi did not believe in all religions. Sikandar Lodi encouraged Hindus to follow Islam and for this reason, he utilized both sword and cash. Because of his religious enthusiasm Sikandar Lodi, as Aurangzeb, could not sustain much and he fixed the destiny of his administration by gaining several enemies.

* He was a great victor who attempted to save the enormity of the Delhi Sultanate. He incredibly broadened the limits of his realm by adding Jaunpur, Chanderi, Dholpur and Gwalior

All the Best!! 

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Ashutosh YadavAshutosh YadavMember since Aug 2020
PCS [email protected]|UPPCS Mains, MP Mains,CGL Clear, LowerPCS Pre Clear, IB ACIO II Pre
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UP StatePCSVDOLower PCSPoliceLekhpalBEOUPSSSC PETForest GuardRO AROJudicial ServicesOther Exams
tags :UP State ExamsGS/GKUPPSC Lecturer ExamUP Chakbandi Adhikari ExamUP NHM ExamUP APO ExamUP Home Guard Exam

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