5 Minute Learning Series: Important Cities of Indus Valley

By Saroj Singh|Updated : July 26th, 2021

Hello Gradians,

In this 5-minute read article, we will cover the factual aspects of the cities of the Indus Valley Civilization. Direct questions are asked from the topic in the government competitive examinations from this topic. Do not miss it!!

All the Best!!

INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION

John Marshall, the first scholar to use the term “Indus valley civilization”. The civilization flourished between 2500 BC-1750 BC.

Extent: The Indus valley civilization extended from Sutkagandor (in Baluchistan) in the West to Alamgirpur (Western UP) in the East; and from Mandu (Jammu) in the North to Daimabad (Ahmednagar, Maharashtra) in the South.

Important cities

City

River

Archaeological Importance

Harappa (Pakistan)

Ravi

A row of 6 Granaries, Mother goddess figurines

Mohenjodaro (Pakistan)

Indus

Great Granary, Great bath, Image of Pashupati Mahadeva, Image of Bearded man and Bronze image of a woman dancer

Lothal (Gujarat)

Bhogava

Port city, Double burial, Terracotta horse figurines.

Chanhudaro (Pakistan)

Indus

The city without a citadel

Dholavira (Gujarat)

Indus

City divided into 3 parts.

Kalibangan (Rajasthan)

Ghaggar

Ploughed field

Banawali (Haryana)

Ghaggar

-

Rakhigarhi  (Haryana)

-

-

Ropar (Haryana)

 

 

Mitathal (Haryana)

-

-

Bhagatrav (Gujarat)

-

-

Rangpur (Gujarat)

-

-

Sutkagandor (Pakistan)    

-

-

Sukotada (Gujarat)

-

-

Kot Diji (Pakistan)

 

 

Now Let's see a question on this:

Q. Lothal was excavated by ______.

A. Amlanand Ghosh

B. Daya Ram Sahni

C. S R Rao

D. None of above

Answer: C

Solution:

Lothal was excavated by SR Rao and also known as The City of Dead.

It is situated near the village of Saragwala in the Ahmedabad.

* The people of Lothal worshipped a fire god, that could be the horned deity depicted on ancient seals.

It was famous for dockyard.

All the Best 

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Saroj SinghSaroj SinghMember since Dec 2019
Community Manager [https://www.quora.com/profile/Saroj-Singh-745]
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Gurdeep Singh
Hello sar ji Ropar in Punjab not Haryana 😂😂

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